DPR Korea: Drought - Jun 2017Ongoing
According to the Government, drought conditions are affecting North and South Pyongan, North and South Hwanghae provinces and Nampo City. Reduced rainfall since January 2017 (30 to 80 per cent decrease compared to average) has been affecting agricultural crop production over an estimated 50,000 hectares of land. Affected areas have reported that yields of some crops are expected to decrease between to 30 to 50 percent compared to last year. On 27 June, UN agencies, IFRC and INGO members travelled to South Hwanghae province together with authorities to assess the impact of the drought. Many reservoirs, which are a critical source for communities’ water supply and irrigation, are reportedly well below capacity and in some communities, water is reportedly being trucked in from other areas. (OCHA, 3 Jul 2017)
DPR Korea's crop production for 2017, including staple rice, maize, potatoes and soybean, has been severely damaged by prolonged dry weather conditions, threatening food security for a large part of its population...Although rains in the first half of July provided some relief, they were generally too late to allow normal planting and development of the 2017 main season crops, to be harvested in October-November...The lack of rain is expected to have a serious impact on main season crops in the major cereal producing areas, including the provinces of South and North Pyongan, South and North Hwanghae and Nampo City, which normally account for close to two-thirds of overall main season cereal production. With forecasts of reduced production of the 2017 main season crop, the food security situation is expected to further deteriorate during the 2017/18 marketing year and cereal import requirements are likely to increase. (FAO/GIEWS, 20 Jul 2017)
According to Government data and FAO satellite analysis, around 30% of early crops have been lost due to the dry spell that has struck the country. These crops constitute 10% of the overall harvest. Rain began this mornth which is important for the main crops, but given the reliance on agriculture any loss has negative impact on vulnerable communities’ food security and nutrition. As in previous years, the dry spell coincided with the lean period and as a consequence, government rations, of which 70% of the population rely, recently dropped to 300 grams per person per day from 400g, which is still well below the target 573g. (OCHA, 24 Jul 2017)
A prolonged dry season exacerbated the effects of the already chronic drought, UNICEF noted in a mid-year update. An estimated 18 million people are food insecure and 200,000 children are affected by acute malnutrition. (UNICEF, 25 Aug 2017)
In August 2017, WFP reached 649,431 people through nutrition support activities and delivered 1,650mt of fortified foods. UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) assistance of USD 2.5 million, approved for rapid response in August, will enable WFP to provide nutrition support to 186,012 children and women for four months (September – December) in 23 worst drought-affected counties. Due to funding constraints, WFP will continue providing reduced rations (66 percent of the standard ration – the minimum to have a nutrition impact) until the end of the year to children and pregnant and nursing women. (WFP, 31 Aug 2017)
On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
Note by the Secretary-General
The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the General Assembly the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Tomás Ojea Quintana, submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 71/202.
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
The bluster and belligerence between Washington and Pyongyang hide a humanitarian conundrum that must be solved
It has been a blisteringly hot summer for North Korea on two fronts. The world has watched it successfully test its intercontinental ballistic missile technology and its first hydrogen bomb, drawing widespread condemnation from the international community. But at the same time – and with far less fanfare – the country has endured one of its driest summers to date.
UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) approval for rapid response was confirmed in August. CERF assistance of USD 2.5 million will enable WFP to provide nutrition support to 186,012 children and women for four months (September – December) in 23 worst droughtaffected counties.
Due to funding constraints, WFP will continue providing reduced rations (66 percent of the standard ration – the minimum to have a nutrition impact) until the end of the year to children and pregnant and nursing women.
El informe de la FAO indica un repunte de las cosechas en la mayoría de los países de bajos ingresos con déficit de alimentos
Le rapport de la FAO souligne la hausse des récoltes dans les pays aux plus faibles revenus et plus importants déficits vivriers
Conflicts drag down food security amid growing global food output
FAO report notes rebounding harvests in most low-income food-deficit countries
21 September 2017, Rome-- Robust harvests in Latin America and rebounding agricultural conditions in Southern Africa are on course to improve the global food supply situation, but ongoing civil conflicts and climate-related shocks are affecting progress towards hunger reduction, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
Due to funding constraints, WFP will continue providing reduced rations (66 percent of the standard ration, which is the minimum required for a nutritional impact) through the end of the year for children and pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Since mid-July, the government-supported Public Distribution System ration has decreased to 300 grams per person per day.
Ethiopia has the presidency in September. A visiting mission to Addis Ababa is planned in early September for the 11th annual consultative meeting between members of the UN Security Council and members of the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC). Immediately after the visit there will be a briefing on the visiting mission. A briefing on the report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the UN and the AU by UN Special Representative to the AU Haile Menkerios is also expected in September.
The humanitarian situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is characterized by chronic food insecurity and limited access to quality health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, with resultant chronic undernutrition and poor health outcomes. Recurring natural disasters such as flooding and drought have exacerbated existing vulnerabilities. An estimated 18 million people are food insecure and 200,000 children are affected by acute malnutrition.
Mauritania is now out of the ranking
Mauritania has longstanding food security challenges, which has contributed to malnutrition, most of which are in the south and eastern parts of the country. This is compounded by over 50,000 Malian refugees who fled violence since 2012.
Due to funding constraints, WFP will continue providing reduced rations (66 percent of the standard ration – the minimum to have a nutrition impact) to children and pregnant and nursing women (PLW) until the end of the year.
According to the Government of DPRK, the current localized drought condition has affected agricultural production in four provinces and one city.
A severe food security and nutritional crisis is unfolding as a consequence of the drought that began in October 2016.
The Somali region is most affected and is experiencing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) outcomes are likely to manifest in poorer households by September.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Unfavourable prospects for 2017 main season food production
The 2016/17 aggregate food production increased from previous year’s reduced level
Severe drought raises serious food security concerns for large numbers of people
Unfavourable prospects for 2017 main season food production
DPR Korea’s food production hit by the worst drought since 2001
Food insecurity expected to seriously scale up