South America: Drought - 2015-2017
According to official contingency planning documents for El Niño 2015-2016, Bolivia's Civil Defense reported that 100,000 households (approx. 500,000 people) may be affected by excess rainfall and/or drought in 109 municipalities of the country (OCHA, 13 Oct 2015).
As of 21 December 2015, a state of emergency had been declared in 27 municipalities of the departments of Oruro, Cochabamba and Chuquisaca due to drought (ECHO, 23 Dec 2015).
In February 2016, the drought was still affecting the southern regions of Altiplano and Chaco (Gov't of Bolivia, 24 Feb 2016).
As of May 2016, 7 western regions were particularly affected, including Oruro and La Paz. More than 70,000 families are impacted by the drought (OCHA, 1 June 2016).
As of July 31, 160,000 people were affected by drought and 104 municipalities have declared a state of emergency (PAHO, 4 Aug 2016).
As of September 1, some 133,000 families had been affected by drought in 7 departments - Oruro, Cochabamba (the two most affected) and Beni have declared a state of emergency for drought. The sectors most affected were water, sanitation and hygiene and food security (OCHA, 23 Aug 2016).
On September 22, WFP implemented an operation to save lives and protect livelihoods of 40,000 assisted people affected by the drought in the Department of Oruro (WFP, 30 Sep 2016).
On November 21, Bolivia declared a drought state of emergency due to water shortages in large swaths of the country, claiming it to be the worst drought in 25 years (Gov't of Bolivia, 21 Nov 2016).
By the end of 2016, the drought had affected 173 of the country's 339 municipalities in 8 provinces. The west of the country is still affected, including Potosí, Oruro, el Chaco and the south of La Paz (La Paz, 28 Dec 2016).
Below‑average precipitations continued through January 2017 resulting in major areas being affected by severe dry weather. Compounding the effects of the dry weather in early February, a severe locust infestation affected 1,000 ha in 5 of the 15 municipalities of Santa Cruz.
The Government declared a state of emergency in the region and has begun to fumigate and provide farmers with access to pesticides, making immediately available USD 700,000 for this effort. FAO is assisting in this process, as well as developing a short term plan to manage the pest infestation and prevent a further expansion of the pest (FAO GIEWS, 17 Feb 2017).
A technical meeting was carried out jointly with the Governor of Oruro and staff from the Vice Ministry of Civil Defence to finalize the IR-EMOP 201021, carried out between September – December 2016, through which WFP has improved the food security of more than 40,000 people. (WFP, 31 Mar 2017)
In April 2017, a state of emergency was declared in Vallegrande as 1,366 families suffered the affects of drought and crop destruction as a result of the worst drought registered in the last 20 years in that region of the country (Government of Bolivia, 24 Apr 2017). By May of 2017, 24,000 families in 535 communities have been affected by drought. The Government assures that food security has not been affected despite lower agricultural yields in recent months (Government of Bolivia, 28 May 2017).
On 27 July, the loss of weight in bovine animals and the disappearance of water in the fields forced the Municipal Council of Huacaraje to declare state of emergency. (Government of Bolivia, 27 Jul 2017)
Brazil is undergoing its most severe drought in 35 years and heavily populated regions, particularly the country's southeast, depend on local reservoirs and aquifers which are not being replenished due to the drought (Thomson Reuters Foundation, 30 Oct 2015). In October, 13,440 forest fires were registered in the state of Amazonas and authorities declared a 90-day state of emergency for 12 cities (OCHA, 2 Nov 2015). Severe dry weather, associated to the El Niño phenomena, in major producing states such as Parana and parts of Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso have reportedly delayed maize planting operations and reduced the area planted (FAO, 30 Dec 2015). In October 2016, the National Integration Ministry acknowledged the emergency in 14 municipalities in the states of Amazonas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Sergipe, São Paulo and Tocantins, so that cities can count on benefits offered by the Federal Government (Gov't of Brazil, 7 Oct 2016). In December 2016, President Temer announced $230 million in investments to build 133,000 rainwater harvesting cisterns, ponds, and water access projects in 15 Brazilian states reeling from drought, mostly in Northeast Brazil (Gov't of Brazil, 28 Dec 2016). In February 2017, concern for the Boqueirão reservoir in the city of Campina Grande in Northeast Brazil increased significantly as the reservoir reached only 4 percent capacity. Experts predict without further rainfall, the city's water system will collapse by mid-year possibly resulting in mass evacuations of the city (Reuters, 17 Feb 2017). As of March 2017, over 850 Brazil cities faced major water shortage issues. The number of cities across Brazil under state of emergency by the federal government on account of a long period of drought total 872, with the Northeast being the most severely affected region (Government of Brazil, 22 Mar 2017).
In Colombia, El Niño weather phenomenon is predicted to decrease rains by more than 60% during the rainy season of Oct-Nov-Dec. (Gov't, 5 Oct 2015)
On 30 Dec, the Colombian President declared the red alert for low levels in the Magdalena and Cauca rivers in 23 provinces. (Reuters, 30 Dec 2015)
Early January 2016, 124 municipalities were affected by drought in the country. (Gov't of Colombia, 6 Jan 2016)
Early April, a public emergency due to drought was declared in Córdoba and Cesar departments. (PAHO, 8 Apr 2016)
In June 2016, the Government declared the dry season had ended, over a particularly severe El Niño phenomenon. (Gov't of Colombia, 2 June 2016)
As of December 2016, undernutrition remains a serious issue in parts of Colombia. 93 children have died of undernutrition in the department of La Guajira in 2016, including three during the last 24 hours, and 13 between 10 and 17 December. The majority of these deaths have occurred among the Wayuú indigenous population. The deaths are related to drought, lack of access to food and drinking water, the absence of basic services and the closure of the border with Venezuela (ECHO, 20 Dec 2016). The European Commission’s Department for Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations has been funding a comprehensive response programme, implemented by humanitarian partners to address the acute water and food needs of nearly 900 families in the Wayuu community (ECHO, 08 Mar 2017).
In Paraguay, the authorities delivered water to about 1,100 indigenous families affected by drought in remote areas of the provinces of Presidente Hayes y Boquerón early February (Gov't of Paraguay, 4 Feb 2016). Between June and August, the government delivered more than 10 million liters of water to affected people in the western regions of the country, including El Chaco (Gov't of Paraguay, 26 Sep 2016). In January 2017, the government distributed safe drinking water to over 2,500 families affected by drought in El Chaco (Gov't of Paraguay, 27 Jan 2017). In March 2017, the government distributed 1,680 liters of safe drinking water to over 2,500 indigenous families affected by drought in the western regions of the country (Gov't of Paraguay, 27 Mar 2017). In March 2017, WFP started the distribution of the caloric supplement in the Paraguayan Chaco jointly with the National Institute for Food and Nutrition (INAN). (WFP, 31 Mar 2017). In August of 2017, 2,051 indigenous families from the Chaco territory received potable water and water purification tablets to combat the affects of drought in the region. (Gov't of Paraguay, 08 Aug 2017)
In Venezuela, power cuts were announced in April 2016 with the aim to alleviate the pressure on the Guri hydroelectric dam, the largest power plant in the country, where the long-running drought has driven water levels to historic lows. (Deutsche Welle, 21 Apr 2016) The effects of the drought have been compounded by the El Nino weather phenomenon, which is pushing back the start of the rainy season.
In Peru, the agricultural sector has been impacted by drought, and several provinces, including Apurimac (PAHO, 31 May 2016) and Junin have been declared in emergencies. (El Comercio, 3 Feb 2016) The government has released a risk prevention and mitigation plan before drought for 2016. (Gov't of Peru, 2 Feb 2016) By the end of March 2016, the government had invested more than 13 million soles in emergency mitigation actions against the drought. (WFP, 30 May 2016) On 30 Sep, a state of emergency was declared by Executive powers due to imminent danger from a lack of water in several districts of Arequipa. (PAHO, 30 Sep 2016) On 11 December, a state of emergency was declared for seven provinces in the Lima region due to water shortages. (RPP, 11 Dec 2016)
In Ecuador, the complexity of the situation is also compounded by the drought and flooding conditions brought about by the El Niño phenomenon, which is also affecting the earthquake affected
Manabí and Esmeraldas provinces. (WFP, 20 Apr 2016)
Ecuador has lost more than USD 7,100 million due to El Niño. It is foreseen that by spring 2016, the production will drop as follows: husked rise 16%, flint maize 22%, sugar 40% and banana 30%. This will decrease the food security of vulnerable households as well as the local and national economy. (WFP, 30 May 2016) In March 2017, WFP assisted 25,400 people, suffering the consequences of food insecurity and heavy rains. (WFP, 31 Mar 2017)
Santa Cruz, 14 de septiembre.- Atendiendo a las solicitudes de ayuda emitida por los municipios de El Trigal y Vallegrande en sus respectivas declaratorias de desastre municipal por sequía, la Gobernación Cruceña realizó el segundo envío de forraje destinado para el consumo del ganado que se ha visto afectado por el mencionado fenómeno natural.
Continuando con la asistencia a las familias afectadas por la sequía en el Región Occidental del país, desde el miércoles 6 hasta este viernes 15 de septiembre, personal operativo de la Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN) se encuentra en los departamentos de Boquerón y Presidente Hayes, con el objeto de distribuir cientos de miles de litros de agua segura y potable en comunidades indígenas y no indígenas. Entre enero y agosto de este año, ya fueron distribuidos más de 14 millones de litros de agua en el Chaco paraguayo.
International prices of wheat dipped in August, after increasing in the past few months, following an upturn in production prospects in the Black Sea region which improved the 2017 global supply outlook.
Maize quotations also fell on improved weather conditions and abundant global supplies. International prices of rice were relatively stable, although price movements were mixed across the different rice market segments.
11/09/2017 Cochabamba.- De acuerdo con el edafólogo especializado en estudios de la naturaleza, Antonio Blajos, los tres últimos embalses que quedan en la ciudad de Cochabamba se han visto afectados por el paso del tiempo, debido a la sequedad, la contaminación, la presión urbana y la falta de preservación.
Señaló que en sólo dos meses el nivel del agua bajó de 2 metros a 90 centímetros, cercano al estado de cuando se registró la mortandad de peces.
On 22–25 July, a DIPECHO’s mission from the Regional Bureau in Latin America and the Caribbean visited the municipality of Concepción.
All activities under the project “Strengthening human security in the central municipalities of the Paraguayan Chaco” have now been concluded.
Cochabamba, 30 ago (ABI).- El representante departamental de Defensa Civil, Ramiro Mercado, informó el miércoles que 1.632 familias de 123 comunidades rurales de Cochabamba fueron afectadas por la sequía que se registra en esa región del país.
"Son 1.632 familias de 123 comunidades", dijo a la ABI.
Según Mercado, los pueblos con perjuicios por escasez de agua están ubicados en los municipios de Aiquile, Anzaldo, Capinota, Alalay y Arque.
Una iniciativa regional beneficia a las comunidades en Latinoamérica y el Caribe
30 de agosto de 2017, Roma - Coincidiendo con un encuentro de la comunidad internacional esta semana en Estocolmo para la Semana Mundial del Agua, la FAO ha subrayado una iniciativa conjunta con la Agencia Mexicana de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AMEXCID) para hacer más accesible el agua a las comunidades rurales vulnerables en varios países de Latinoamérica y el Caribe.
A regional initiative benefits communities across Latin America and the Caribbean
30 August 2017, Rome - As the international community gathers this week in Stockholm for World Water Week, we profile a cooperative effort by FAO and the Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation to make water more accessible to vulnerable and water-scarce rural communities in a number of countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Nearly 4.9 million people in Colombia are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of violence, armed conflict and natural disasters. Humanitarian assistance and compliance with international humanitarian law and Human Rights remain a priority in the current country context.
Cochabamba, 24 ago (ABI).- El asambleísta departamental de la provincia Campero de Cochabamba, Edilberto Soto, informó el jueves que las familias de cuatro comunidades campesinas del municipio de Pasorapa fueron afectados por la sequía y comenzaron a recibir agua mediante cisternas.
"Estamos hablando de unas cuatro comunidades", explicó en la presentación de los resultados de una inspección realizada a los pueblos perjudicados.
Ecuador hosts the largest number of refugees and asylum-seekers in Latin America. Of the over 60,000 refugees currently residing in the country, 95 percent are Colombians in need of international protection.
While Ecuador is a middle-income country, it remains prone to natural disasters, including floods, earthquakes, droughts and volcanic eruptions. The effects of climate change exacerbate these disasters and adversely impact water availability, as well as food security.
For the purpose of helping Colombian farmers be more prepared to face new climate patterns and adapt better to climate variability, CIAT, through its area of research in Decision and Policy Analysis (DAPA), trained the agro-climatology and systems teams from the National Federation of Rice Growers (Fedearroz) and from the National Federation of Cereal and Legume Growers (Fenalce) in the use of the platform: “Pronósticos Aclimate Colombia” (Acclimatize Colombia forecasts).
Familias indígenas y no indígenas del Chaco siguen siendo beneficiadas con la entrega de agua potable, potabilizada y segura por parte de la Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN). Estas asistencias son realizadas desde inicios de año en diferentes localidades de la Región Occidental, donde durante los últimos meses no se registraron precipitaciones significativas. En los 10 días pasados, la institución distribuyó tres millones de litros del líquido, mediante la movilización de al menos siete camiones cisterna y una potabilizadora portátil.
1. At a Glance
“We are the first generation to be able to end poverty, and the last generation that can take steps to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.” Ban Ki-moon Former Secretary-General of the United Nations
Con el fin de entregar agua segura y potabilizada, y pastillas potabilizadoras de agua en comunidades indígenas y rurales de Presidente Hayes y Boquerón, afectadas por la sequía, este martes 8 de agosto partieron de la capital funcionarios y móviles de la Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN). En total, serán beneficiadas 2.051 familias del territorio chaqueño, donde la falta de lluvias y la distancia entre las comunidades y los tajamares dificulta en gran medida el acceso al líquido vital.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the second quarter of 2017 (April to June). The maps on pages 6–7 provide impact analysis dis-aggregated to sub-national level.
Santa Cruz, 3 ago (ABI).- El responsable de la Secretaria de Desarrollo Productivo de la Gobernación de Santa Cruz, Luis Alberto Alpire, anunció el jueves que esa instancia enviará ayuda a municipios de los valles, que fueron afectados por la helada y nevada que se registró en julio pasado.
"Estamos haciendo la orientación adecuada para que puedan corregir algunas situaciones y recibir la ayuda que va a estar centrada en el envío de forraje y cisternas a todos los que fueron afectados por la sequía", informó en conferencia de prensa.
POLITICS AND SECURITY
Colombia’s armed conflict has spanned five decades, with fighting between the central government, right-wing paramilitaries, and left-wing guerilla groups such as the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN). Bandas criminales (BACRIM) are criminal groups comprising mostly former paramilitaries, who frequently clash with other armed groups and state forces.
FARC PEACE AGREEMENT