Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
Early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season. The rains experienced in late March and early April provided some relief to livestock farmers, but arrived too late for both staple foods and cash crops. These adverse weather conditions are likely to reduce crop production in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar and South Africa. The negative impact of flooding will also affect food security in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique. (OCHA, 29 May 2015)
Nearly 29 million people are currently food insecure in southern Africa region mainly due to the carry-over effects of the past poor harvest season combined with other structural factors. Unless a two-track approach is quickly taken to address the current food insecurity and to establish measures to mitigate against the El Niño effects, the existing food insecurity will deepen and increase in scope with its effects will last till 2017. (Southern African Food and Nutrition Security Working Group, 17 Nov 2015)
The combination of a poor 2014/15 season and an extreme early dry spell during the 2015/16 rainy season to date (November to February) over southern and western Madagascar has resulted in an intense drought...It is now estimated that close to 1.14 million people are food insecure in seven districts of southern Madagascar (80% of the population). About 665 000 people are severely food insecure and in need of urgent emergency food security support until the end of the 2016/17 lean season...On 22 March, the government of Madagascar has declared a state of emergency for southern Madagascar. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2016)
Lesotho last had normal rainfall between April and May 2015... An estimated 15-30 percent of Lesotho’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with this acute drought situation. The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) report for 2015 indicates deterioration in the food security situation with the number of people in need going from 447,760 to 463,936 (an increase in prevalence from 26% to 33%). (IFRC, 06 Apr 2016)
In Malawi, the prolonged dry spells and floods not only affected maize production but other crops such as ground nuts have also been affected, and harvests are down by 21%. This left more than 2.8 million people in Malawi food insecure for a period of between three to 8 months. 25 out of the 28 Districts in Malawi were affected. Of the 2.8 million people affected 886,204 were living in the hard hit flood-affected districts and 1,947,008 were in districts affected by poor rainfall. An estimated 20% to 40% of Malawi’s population were at that time reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with the acute food shortage. On 12 April 2016, the President of Malawi declared a state of national disaster as a result of prolonged dry spells during 2015/2016 season. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2016)
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. The Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners. (OCHA, 04 May 2016)
Based on preliminary results, the ZimVAC has indicated that the prevalence of rural food insecurity in Zimbabwe will be higher than the 30 percent revealed by the January 2016 Rapid Assessment. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is likely to increase beyond the 5.7 percent indicated in January. (WFP, 14 Jun 2016)
Between October 2014 and February 2015, Namibia experienced highly erratic rainfall patterns that negatively impacted the planting and cultivation seasons. The recent 2016 assessment done by the office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Agriculture estimated that 729,134 people were food insecure and 595,839 need immediate assistance due to the drought situation. Prolonged dry spells and extensive flooding characterized the planting season and resulted in delayed planting and destroyed crops. As a result, the 2014/15 crop production yields were 46% below average which put parts of country at high risk of food insecurity. (IFRC, 03 Aug 2016.)
November marks the normal start of the lean season in most of the region, but most countries experienced an earlier than normal start to the lean season this year because of the impact of the El Niño-drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Poor households in the most affected parts of the region including areas in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes with increasing areas likely falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes during the peak period (Jan-Mar 2017) in the absence of adequate humanitarian assistance. (FEWS NET, 23 Dec 2016)
Southern Africa now facing the peak of the El Niño-induced drought food security crisis, which is expected to last at least until the harvest in March/April 2017. Until then, WFP and its partners will maintain expanded operations, aiming to reach more than 13 million vulnerable people with relief, recovery, resilience and development activities ... WFP reached 9.9 million people in December 2016 and 10.6 million in January 2017. As of March 2017, $833 million has been raised for the humanitarian programmes in the RIASCO Action Plan, leaving a gap of $448,000. However, without additional funding, critical humanitarian needs will not be met. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)
- SADC: Regional Humanitarian Appeal (Jun 2016)
- FAO Southern Africa El Niño Response Plan (2016/17)
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa: Response Plan for the El Niño-induced Drought in Southern Africa (May 2016-Apr 2017)
- UNICEF El Niño Eastern & Southern Africa Region Investment Case (23 Jun 2016)
Rains are still well below normal in the southern half of the region, with deficits strengthening in some areas in recent weeks.
Onset of rains is delayed by at least 30-40 days in parts of Angola and South Africa
Moderate relief is expected in some of these drought-affected areas, according to short term rainfall forecasts
Vegetation conditions in many areas are among the worst in 15 years. These conditions have some negative implications for pastures, livestock and hydrology
Africa Weather Hazards
Abnormal dryness has expanded across many portions of southern Africa from southern Angola, northern Namibia, southern Zambia, eastern Zimbabwe, central Malawi, central Mozambique, southern Botswana, to South Africa due to a delayed onset and persistent below-average rain since the start of the season. The deficient rain has already severely reduced water availability, negatively impacting cropping and pastoral activities over many areas.
Study reveals disturbing hunger trends in world's highland areas
Mountain people under double pressure of climate change and growing food insecurity
11 December 2015, Rome - While global hunger figures are decreasing, the number of food insecure people in mountain areas rose 30 percent between 2000 and 2012, according to a new study, released today by FAO and the Mountain Partnership on International Mountain Day.
LONDRES, 8 décembre 2015 (IRIN) - La sécurité alimentaire mondiale ne dépend pas seulement de la quantité de nourriture produite. Pour l’atteindre, il faut considérez la situation dans son ensemble et surtout la façon dont les besoins en eau et en énergie sous-tendent la production.
Snapshot 2-8 December 2015
Jordan: 11,400 Syrian asylum seekers are currently stranded at the border with Jordan, after a recent surge in violence has driven new displacement, doubling the number at the border since October. They face urgent humanitarian and protection needs. The Jordanian Government has increasingly restricted movement across the border since 2013.
• The current growing season (October 2015 – April 2016) in Southern Africa will develop during the peak stage of one of the strongest El Nino events in the available record. Unlike previous events, the official onset of this El Nino in March 2015 was preceded by borderline conditions during the previous growing season.
By Lou del Bello
LONDON, 7 December 2015 (IRIN) - Global food security is not just about how much we grow. To achieve it, we need to look at the bigger picture, particularly at the way in which water and energy needs underpin production.
Climate change threatens all of that. Rainfall variability directly affects crop production, but also energy generation (think of hydropower) – essential to grow, store, process and move food.
1. Brief description of the emergency and impact
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
Climate change is making Madagascar increasing vulnerable to natural disasters such as cyclones and droughts which hamper development efforts.
These disasters, which devastate staple crops such as rice, significantly jeopardize the country’s food security.
With support from the World Bank, Madagascar is adapting irrigation infrastructure to climate change to preserve agriculture, the livelihood of 90% of the population.
By Obinna Anyadike, Editor-at-Large
NAIROBI, 4 December 2015 (IRIN) - Close to 29 million people in southern Africa are already facing food shortages as a result of this season’s poor harvest, but worse could be on the way.
“Serious concerns are mounting that Southern Africa will this coming season face another poor harvest, possibly a disastrous one,” the UN’s aid coordinating agency, OCHA, warned in a recent report.
The global El Niño phenomenon, manifesting in droughts and floods, is affecting millions of people across Africa, especially in the eastern, central and southern regions. In most cases, El Niño is exacerbating already dire conditions, like in Ethiopia and Malawi, and worsening protracted crises like in Somalia.
The European Commission has just allocated over €100 million to help African countries affected by the phenomenon: €79 million for the greater Horn of Africa, €20 million for central Africa, and a further €12 million for the southern Africa region.
Millions of poor and vulnerable people face hunger and poverty this year and next because of record global temperatures, droughts and erratic rains in 2014 and 2015, followed by the development of possibly the most powerful El Niño on record.
This briefing makes the case to urgently scale up humanitarian response in countries already in crisis. It also draws on the experience of the super El Nino in 1997–98, and the inadequate response to the Horn of Africa drought of 2011, to push for early action to save livelihoods elsewhere.
The region is extremely vulnerable to weather hazards such as tropical cyclones, floods, droughts and strong winds.
There is lack of resilience and coping mechanisms to the climate-related shocks, which results in heavy social and economic consequences for the population. Improving the local communities' resilience capacities remains central to the EU’s humanitarian assistance.
By Tatenda Macheka
This season's failed harvest and the prospect of yet more prolonged dry spells have farmers in Zimbabwe worried. All the more timely then was WFP's decision choose Zimbabwe for the piloting of an innovative new approach to reducing the impact of climate-related disasters.
Early season dryness persists across southern Africa
Very low and infrequent rainfall in southern Africa has resulted in significant early season moisture deficits, particularly in the KwaZuluNatal region of South Africa, Swaziland, and southern Mozambique. Light to moderate rain is expected over the region during the next week, which could sustain rainfall deficits.
Le Conseil de Paix et de sécurité (CPS) de l'Union africaine (UA), à sa 558ème réunion tenue le 19 Novembre 2015, a tenu une session publique, consacrée au thème: «L'impact d’El Nino sur la paix, la sécurité et la stabilité en Afrique et les conséquences humanitaires ».
Brussels, 2.12.2015 C(2015) 8453 final
COMMISSION DECISION of 2.12.2015
financing humanitarian actions in Southern Africa from the 11th European Development Fund
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/322 of 2 March 2015 on the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund1 and in particular Article 9(3) thereof,
ROMA/PARÍS – Mientras los líderes mundiales negocian un acuerdo sobre el clima, el Programa Mundial de Alimentos de las Naciones Unidas (PMA) y la Federación Internacional de la Cruz Roja y la Media Luna Roja (FICR), junto a la Cruz Roja Alemana (GRC), han presentado un enfoque basado en previsiones que podría transformar el sistema humanitario. Este enfoque facilitará financiación para preparación ante emergencias y respuesta humanitaria antes de que se produzcan las crisis, y proporcionará los fondos necesarios para actividades que fortalecen la resiliencia.
FAO’s latest forecasts for global supply and demand of cereals continue to point to a generally comfortable 2015/16 marketing season, with world inventories by the close of seasons in 2016 expected to fall only slightly below their record opening levels.