Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
Early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season. The rains experienced in late March and early April provided some relief to livestock farmers, but arrived too late for both staple foods and cash crops. These adverse weather conditions are likely to reduce crop production in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar and South Africa. The negative impact of flooding will also affect food security in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique. (OCHA, 29 May 2015)
Nearly 29 million people are currently food insecure in southern Africa region mainly due to the carry-over effects of the past poor harvest season combined with other structural factors. Unless a two-track approach is quickly taken to address the current food insecurity and to establish measures to mitigate against the El Niño effects, the existing food insecurity will deepen and increase in scope with its effects will last till 2017. (Southern African Food and Nutrition Security Working Group, 17 Nov 2015)
The combination of a poor 2014/15 season and an extreme early dry spell during the 2015/16 rainy season to date (November to February) over southern and western Madagascar has resulted in an intense drought...It is now estimated that close to 1.14 million people are food insecure in seven districts of southern Madagascar (80% of the population). About 665 000 people are severely food insecure and in need of urgent emergency food security support until the end of the 2016/17 lean season...On 22 March, the government of Madagascar has declared a state of emergency for southern Madagascar. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2016)
Lesotho last had normal rainfall between April and May 2015... An estimated 15-30 percent of Lesotho’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with this acute drought situation. The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) report for 2015 indicates deterioration in the food security situation with the number of people in need going from 447,760 to 463,936 (an increase in prevalence from 26% to 33%). (IFRC, 06 Apr 2016)
In Malawi, the prolonged dry spells and floods not only affected maize production but other crops such as ground nuts have also been affected, and harvests are down by 21%. This left more than 2.8 million people in Malawi food insecure for a period of between three to 8 months. 25 out of the 28 Districts in Malawi were affected. Of the 2.8 million people affected 886,204 were living in the hard hit flood-affected districts and 1,947,008 were in districts affected by poor rainfall. An estimated 20% to 40% of Malawi’s population were at that time reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with the acute food shortage. On 12 April 2016, the President of Malawi declared a state of national disaster as a result of prolonged dry spells during 2015/2016 season. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2016)
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. The Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners. (OCHA, 04 May 2016)
Based on preliminary results, the ZimVAC has indicated that the prevalence of rural food insecurity in Zimbabwe will be higher than the 30 percent revealed by the January 2016 Rapid Assessment. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is likely to increase beyond the 5.7 percent indicated in January. (WFP, 14 Jun 2016)
Between October 2014 and February 2015, Namibia experienced highly erratic rainfall patterns that negatively impacted the planting and cultivation seasons. The recent 2016 assessment done by the office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Agriculture estimated that 729,134 people were food insecure and 595,839 need immediate assistance due to the drought situation. Prolonged dry spells and extensive flooding characterized the planting season and resulted in delayed planting and destroyed crops. As a result, the 2014/15 crop production yields were 46% below average which put parts of country at high risk of food insecurity. (IFRC, 03 Aug 2016.)
November marks the normal start of the lean season in most of the region, but most countries experienced an earlier than normal start to the lean season this year because of the impact of the El Niño-drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Poor households in the most affected parts of the region including areas in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes with increasing areas likely falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes during the peak period (Jan-Mar 2017) in the absence of adequate humanitarian assistance. (FEWS NET, 23 Dec 2016)
Southern Africa now facing the peak of the El Niño-induced drought food security crisis, which is expected to last at least until the harvest in March/April 2017. Until then, WFP and its partners will maintain expanded operations, aiming to reach more than 13 million vulnerable people with relief, recovery, resilience and development activities ... WFP reached 9.9 million people in December 2016 and 10.6 million in January 2017. As of March 2017, $833 million has been raised for the humanitarian programmes in the RIASCO Action Plan, leaving a gap of $448,000. However, without additional funding, critical humanitarian needs will not be met. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)
In support of SADC’s appeal, RIASCO launched its Action Plan on 27 July, which was revised in December 2016. The Action Plan prioritized seven countries: Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. The Action Plan was based on three pillars: a humanitarian pillar, setting out immediate needs in the seven priority countries; a resilience pillar undertaken in parallel to humanitarian efforts; and a macro-economic pillar, which sets out policy options for governments to address the long-term impacts. The plan requested $1.3 billion to provide humanitarian assistance (pillar 1) for 13.8 million people up to April 2017, of which $900 million has been received (70 per cent). (OCHA/RIASCO, 17 Jul 2017)
- [Report on the RIASCO Action Plan for the El Niño-induced drought in Southern Africa 2016/2017, 12 Jul 2017]
- SADC: Regional Humanitarian Appeal (Jun 2016)
- FAO Southern Africa El Niño Response Plan (2016/17)
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa: Response Plan for the El Niño-induced Drought in Southern Africa (May 2016-Apr 2017)
- UNICEF El Niño Eastern & Southern Africa Region Investment Case (23 Jun 2016)
19 octobre 2015 – Plus de 27 millions de personnes en Afrique australe risquent d'être confrontées à l'insécurité alimentaire au cours des six prochains mois, ont prévenu lundi l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) et le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) qui ont annoncé une extension de leurs opérations.
BLANTYRE—Recent fighting between government forces and opposition RENAMO fighters in Mozambique is increasing the influx of asylum seekers into Malawi. More than 150 Mozambicans have entered Malawi in recent days as the conflict over the disputed election intensifies. But their fate is in limbo as the Malawi government plans to close down the refugee camp where 140 others are living.
JOHANNESBURG – The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) are expanding their operations in response to growing food insecurity as a result of poor harvests across much of southern Africa. There will be an estimated 27.4 million food-insecure people in the region during the next six months, according to the Southern African Development Community 2015 Vulnerability Assessments. *
The 2015 In – depth Vulnerability and Needs Assessment was triggered by prolonged dry spells experienced mainly in the southern half of the country between February and March 2015. The Assessment was designed to understand the impact of these prolonged dry spells on selected sectors of the economy in forty-eight (48) districts of Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Muchinga, Northwestern, Southern and Western Provinces.
DFID's country offices are playing a key role to ensure help is available for those suffering as a result of El Niño
What is El Niño?
El Niño is a natural climate phenomenon that happens roughly every four years, linked to abnormally high ocean temperatures in the central and eastern Pacific. It increases the risk of extreme weather from droughts to floods to cyclones.
Southern Africa is in the grip of food insecurity, with more than 13 million people facing hunger over the next six months. The situation has been caused by widespread crop failure, mainly due to drought across much of the region. Worst affected is Malawi, which also suffered devastating floods earlier this year. In October, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) began a major relief operation in Malawi, where nearly three million people will not have enough to eat between now and the next harvest in March.
A slow onset of the rainy season was followed by severe flooding that destroyed crops. This situation was followed, and exacerbated, by a long dry spell, resulting in a crop yield below the 5 year average.
Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) report estimated 16% of Zimbabwe’s rural population are food insecure and 1,490,024 people will be in need of food assistance at the peak of the hunger period. Coping mechanisms are severely strained, and social safety-net interventions by the Government and partners are limited.
WOMEN, FOOD AND CLIMATE CHANGE
The water situation at Okankolo is reported to have worsened of late, as the majority of the boreholes on which the community heavily depends are malfunctioning or have completely dried up.
Following erratic rains over the past three years, not enough water has collected in the boreholes to sustain the community.
Constituency Councillor Joseph Imbili says 75 percent of people in his community get water from boreholes; only 25 percent of the community has access to clean potable water.
Tzu Chi’s long-term humanitarian project first began in 1995 in South Africa. Zulu women were empowered by Tzu Chi volunteers emigrating to the country, spearheading humanitarian projects with sustainable programs such as sewing groups that would later develop into sewing and other vocational skills training centers, as well as vegetarian farms, all of which are by women for women, an encapsulation of what is now goal 5 of the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Chad: Violence continues to fuel large-scale displacement in Lac region. Suicide attacks on 10 October killed 41 people and wounded 48 at a busy Bagasola market and a refugee camp on the town’s periphery. Over 71,000 people who have been displaced since July face urgent shelter, food, WASH and health needs.
Last weekend Namibia lost against Argentina the last match of its Rugby World Cup adventure.
But Namibia faces another challenge – one that will last long after the rugby boots have been hung up and the pitches cleared. The World Food Programme works with the Namibian government to tackle hunger in the country that, whilst famous for its rugby, also suffers from droughts and flooding – making it a struggle for people to grow and access food.
Here are ten facts about hunger in Namibia.
Charles Kabena, World Vision Malawi
Blantyre, 12 October: In the wake of the food crisis in several countries in Southern Africa, the World Food Programme (WFP) and World Vision Malawi launched the 2015/2016 food relief programme on 9 October 2015. The programme will provide aid to three million Malawians who are experiencing acute food shortage due to the combined effects of a flood and drought experienced in the last growing season.
Harare, 9 October 2015 – The United Nations in Zimbabwe appealed today to humanitarian and development partners for US$ 86 million to urgently fill a shortfall to support 1.5 million people affected by food insecurity in the country. The UN agencies participating in the response to the food insecurity are: FAO, UNICEF, WFP, and WHO.
Malawi is facing the worst drought and subsequent food crisis in almost a decade, with UNICEF raising concerns over the potential increase of SAM, especially among children under 5, in the coming months. The State President released an emergency response plan on Monday 21st September, and urged all donors and development partners to do what they can to alleviate the situation.
Un extracto del documento presentado a la Sexta Reunión del Órgano Rector del Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura
Las lecciones y recomendaciones de política presentadas a continuación, son parte de un documento presentado en la 6 Reunión del Órgano Rector del Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (TIRFAA). Este documento fue entregado conjuntamente por:
Il s’agit de l’extrait d’un texte soumis à la Sixième Session de l’Organe Directeur du Traité International sur les Ressources Phytogénétiques pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture
Les leçons tirées et les recommandations en matière de politiques présentées ci-dessous font partie d’un texte soumis à la 6ième Session de l’Organe Directeur du Traité International sur les Ressources Phytogénétiques pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (TIRPAA). Il s’agit d’une soumission conjointe de la part de :
OXFAM, les Pays-Bas
The rights and technical capacities of indigenous peoples and smallholder farmers are the focus of the three-year global program, ‘Putting lessons into practice: Scaling up People’s Biodiversity Management for Food Security’. The program aims to support farmers to influence policies and institutions on the sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food security in the context of climate change. Around 83,700 households have benefitted to date: including 15,532 primary target households, or 82,400 individuals, 60% of whom were women.