Somalia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017. This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of 31 May 2017, there had been an estimated 739,000 drought displacements since November 2016...More than 480,000 of the displaced, or 65 per cent, are under the age of 18. Moreover, people under 5 years old represent more than one-quarter (195,000) of all those displaced — and are the most at risk of malnutrition and disease. (UNHCR, 31 May 2017)
3.2 million people are severely food insecure. This situation is expected to persist throughout 2017 given the high likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. Access to food is relatively better than previously projected due to large-scale humanitarian assistance...102,263 people have been treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) since January. SAM admissions have increased by more than 50% since 2016. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU)’s post-Jilaal 2017 survey indicates a high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (15% to 30%) in the Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugal regions, as well as in Baidoa and Mogadishu IDP camps. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)
While the latest FSNAU assessments show a decrease of the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 6.7 million to 6.2 million people, the threat of localized famine countered by scaled-up humanitarian response is as relevant today as it was in the first months of this crisis. The Gu harvest will provide temporary relief for some communities in terms of food availability, but the harvest is reduced due to poor rains and access to food remains constrained. Prices will remain elevated through at least early 2018. Malnutrition, one of the leading indicators of the crisis, has reached emergency levels in a number of locations in southern and central Somalia, primarily, though not exclusively among displaced populations. Overall, some 388,000 acutely malnourished children are in need of critical nutrition support, including life-saving treatment for more than 87,000 severely malnourished children. Nearly 895,000 internally displaced people due to drought and conflict rely almost exclusively on assistance for basic services and life support. Major AWD/Cholera and measles outbreaks are also of continued concern. Through robust humanitarian assistance and the modest benefits from the underperforming Gu rains, the situation has stabilized but remains of serious concern at emergency levels. Whereas there is a modest decline in the number of people in need, there is an increase in the number of persons in the emergency-phase (IPC 4) compared to the previous assessment. When the threat of famine was announced in February, the number of people in need stood at 6.2 million. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2017)
Humanitarian partners are closely following what could become another failed rainy season in a context of continued risk of famine and deteriorating humanitarian indicators. According to the October Rainfall Update for Somalia by the FAO-managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), the Deyr 2017 rainy season, which usually runs from October to December, kicked off in the last week of September in the north eastern areas and second week of October in southern and central regions. Many places in Bay, Bakool, Gedo and Middle Juba received rains at the start of the season. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Food security is expected to improve for agricultural and agropastoral households in January with the Deyr harvest. In both areas, though, improvements will be short‐lived and many households will face food consumption gaps through mid‐2018. In a worst‐case scenario of an extended absence of assistance, Famine (IPC Phase 5) remains possible, and continued large‐scale assistance is needed throughout 2018 to protect lives and livelihoods. (FEWSNET, 30 Dec 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan January – December 2017, Update June 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
- Somalia Situation 2017 Supplementary Appeal January - December 2017
- Operational Plan for famine prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia deeply concerned about large-scale destruction of IDP settlements on the outskirts of Mogadishu
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, December 2017
- Global Early Warning – Early Action Report on Food Security and Agriculture: January - March 2018
- 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan
- One million children in Puntland and 4.2 million nationwide to be vaccinated against measles
A joint initiative of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) will boost agriculture value chains and enhance drought resilience in Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda. The initiative is part of a broad coalition to boost collaboration between the two institutions in agriculture, water and sanitation. The combined active portfolio of both institutions in these sectors in Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda is worth US$1 billion, with several projects in the pipelines to expand their support.
Mogadishu, Somalia, 21 November 2017 – As the devastating drought in Somalia shows no sign of ending, UNICEF’s lifesaving work for women and children has received a boost from the Government of the People’s Republic of China. A contribution of US$2 million will help UNICEF reach 15,000 young children who are suffering from severe acute malnutrition, in the southern and central regions.
• The health cluster mobilized partners in response to the large scale attack in Mogadishu in which 358 people (including missing ) died while 525 people were injured. The cluster coordinated the delivery of about 20 tonnes of urgently needed medical supplies to trauma facilities throughout the capital
• The health cluster through its partners has provided more than 2.6 million health consultations from the beginning of the year. It has provided more than 274 thousand consultations in October alone which is 77% of its monthly target.
61,000 people assisted in October
28,800 individuals* (4,800 households) were provided with potable water in Lower Juba region through borehole rehabilitation.
670 Unconditional Cash Grants were provided to 670 households in Mudug region benefitting 4,025 individuals, as part of the response in October.
The Somali Context
Somalia has been gripped by a severe drought since 2016 due to consecutive below average rainy seasons. More than 900,000 Somalis are estimated to have been internally displaced with a further 1.1 million in protracted displacement. Many are living with host communities or in IDP settlements with limited access to basic services; relying heavily on humanitarian assistance for daily support and frequently exposed to protection risks.
- This week there were 647 new arrivals through the Baidoa checkpoints – the most recorded in the past five weeks. As usual, most new arrivals cited food (60%), insecurity (31%), and health (8%) as their reasons for entry.
- Regarding district of origin, the new arrivals this week came from Xudur (41%), Diinsoor (23%), Baidoa (19%), and Buur Hakaba (11%).
- There were 177 exits this week. Since the onset of the deyr rainy season, the number of exits from Baidoa has hovered around 150-200 individuals per week, and this week continued the trend.
What: Handover ceremony of US$2 million humanitarian aid from the Government of the People’s Republic of China to UNICEF
When & Where: 9 : 30 – 10:30, Tuesday, 21 November S KA Room, MIA, Mogadishu
Who: His Excellency, Qin Jian, Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to Somalia Steven Lauwerier, UNICEF Representative to Somalia Government officials of the Federal Republic of Somalia
Continued heavy rains in November bring relief to dryness in East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
- Since late October, above-average rainfall has mitigated moisture deficits across Somalia and eastern Kenya. However, dryness remains in parts of the northern Somali region of eastern Ethiopia.
- Below-average rainfall since mid-October have resulted in considerable moisture deficits across parts of the Free State, Gauteng, and Mpumalanga regions of South Africa and in Lesotho and Swaziland.
Mogadishu – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, is partnering with the Government of Somalia and the African Development Bank (AfDB) to provide emergency humanitarian relief assistance in the form of food and water to an estimated 25,800 drought-affected people in the south-western state of Baidoa and the Jubaland state of Dollow. Internally displaced people will be among the beneficiaries.
11.4 million children are at risk of of malnutrition, water shortages, lack of health services, child protection violations and disruption to their education
758,000 children under-five are at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition
7.6 million children are in need of water
At least 3.4 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
Between August and October, the pre-famine nutrition response trend analysis shows a 38 percent increase in admissions of children affected by severe acute malnutrition with medical complications, highlighting the continuing critical nutrition situation in Somalia. 48 stabilization centres (SC) are supported by UNICEF across the country. The increase is in part due to the opening of one additional UNICEF supported stabilization centre in Baidoa.
With the main farming season coming to a close in northeastern Nigeria, over 66 000 people affected by conflict are harvesting food – many for the first time in three years – thanks to a €4 million from Germany’s Federal Foreign Office. In many of the targeted districts, FAO provided the sorghum and cowpea seeds with fertilizers alongside food and cash assistance from the World Food Programme, meaning hungry families had an immediate source of food while they planted their crops.
Political standoff between the Federal Government of Somalia and the Federal Member States, clan conflicts and floods impacted the humanitarian situation in Somalia.
Meanwhile, drought and armed conflicts and insecurity were among key drivers for continuing internal displacement Military offensives, political tensions and Deyr rains could further worsen the humanitarian situation and increase the vulnerability of persons of concern.
POPULATION OF CONCERN 1.69 M
FUNDING (AS OF 27 OCTOBER)
USD 118.7 M requested for Somalia
“We are in danger of ending life as we know it on our planet” Islamic Declaration on Climate Change
The following information provides a snapshot of some of the activities undertaken by IOM offices in the East and Horn of Africa Region during October 2017.
Vulnerable families in Lainya, Central Equatoria, receive relief assistance
PoC sites to benefit from comprehensive HV and AIDS services
IOM DISTRIBUTES RELIEF ITEMS TO VULNERABLE FAMILIES IN LAINYA, CENTRAL EQUATORIA
This is the fifth report from the Concern Somalia Nutrition & Mortality Monitoring System (NMS), which covers 20 IDP camps in the Afgoye Corridor, near to Mogadishu. A team of community health workers, closely supported and supervised by Concern nutrition staff, is collecting monthly data on resident households and new arrivals. The system was designed and is being implemented in partnership with University College London (UCL).
22.9 million People affected by drought in the region
15 million People facing crisis and emergency food Insecurity
1.8 million People in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$1,612,000 million Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap