Somalia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017. This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of 31 May 2017, there had been an estimated 739,000 drought displacements since November 2016...More than 480,000 of the displaced, or 65 per cent, are under the age of 18. Moreover, people under 5 years old represent more than one-quarter (195,000) of all those displaced — and are the most at risk of malnutrition and disease. (UNHCR, 31 May 2017)
3.2 million people are severely food insecure. This situation is expected to persist throughout 2017 given the high likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. Access to food is relatively better than previously projected due to large-scale humanitarian assistance...102,263 people have been treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) since January. SAM admissions have increased by more than 50% since 2016. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU)’s post-Jilaal 2017 survey indicates a high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (15% to 30%) in the Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugal regions, as well as in Baidoa and Mogadishu IDP camps. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)
While the latest FSNAU assessments show a decrease of the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 6.7 million to 6.2 million people, the threat of localized famine countered by scaled-up humanitarian response is as relevant today as it was in the first months of this crisis. The Gu harvest will provide temporary relief for some communities in terms of food availability, but the harvest is reduced due to poor rains and access to food remains constrained. Prices will remain elevated through at least early 2018. Malnutrition, one of the leading indicators of the crisis, has reached emergency levels in a number of locations in southern and central Somalia, primarily, though not exclusively among displaced populations. Overall, some 388,000 acutely malnourished children are in need of critical nutrition support, including life-saving treatment for more than 87,000 severely malnourished children. Nearly 895,000 internally displaced people due to drought and conflict rely almost exclusively on assistance for basic services and life support. Major AWD/Cholera and measles outbreaks are also of continued concern. Through robust humanitarian assistance and the modest benefits from the underperforming Gu rains, the situation has stabilized but remains of serious concern at emergency levels. Whereas there is a modest decline in the number of people in need, there is an increase in the number of persons in the emergency-phase (IPC 4) compared to the previous assessment. When the threat of famine was announced in February, the number of people in need stood at 6.2 million. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan January – December 2017, Update June 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
- Somalia Situation 2017 Supplementary Appeal January - December 2017
- Operational Plan for famine prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
- A total of 234 AWD/cholera cases and 2 deaths (CFR-1.0%) were reported from 16 districts in 11 regions during week 31. Of these, 62 cases (26%) were reported from Banadir region.
- There was a 24% decrease in the number of new AWD/cholera cases from 306 cases in week 30 to 234 cases in week 31.
- The number of cases in South Central decreased from 306 and 2 deaths during week 30 to 205 cases and 2 deaths in week 31.
- In Puntland, AWD/cholera cases decreased from 39 and no deaths during week 30 to 29 cases and no deaths during week 31.
MADRID – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has launched a "Fighting Famine” campaign in Spain to warn about the severe food crisis that puts 20 million people at risk of dying of hunger in South Sudan, Somalia, Yemen and the Northeast of Nigeria. In these places, 1.4 million children are suffering from severe malnutrition and their lives are at risk.
Well above-average seasonal rainfall continues over parts of Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Sudan
Rainfall in July continued to be above average over areas of eastern Sudan, western Ethiopia, and northeastern South Sudan, which has been favorable for cropping activities. In addition, heavier than normal rainfall is increasing the risk of flooding in many of the floodprone areas.
Written by Kristin Myers
6.7 million people in Somalia face hunger according to recent reports from the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Though the much-anticipated Gu — or “long” — rains finally arrived, the situation hasn’t improved. In fact, hunger levels are projected to rise.
LIVING ON A “KNIFE-EDGE”
A total of 306 AWD/cholera cases and 2 deaths (CFR-0.7%) were reported from 34 districts in 11 regions during week 30. Of these, 81 cases (26%) were reported from Banadir region.
There was a 65% decrease in the number of new AWD/cholera cases from 864 cases in week 29 to 306 cases in week 30. Deaths decreased from 4 during week 29 to 2 during week 30.
The number of cases in South Central decreased from 506 and 4 deaths during week 29 to 306 cases and 2 deaths in week 30.
Since January 2017, UNICEF and partners have provided lifesaving therapeutic treatment to 129,602 severely malnourished children. This represents 105 percent of the children reached in 2016. The number of admissions in the hotspot areas of Bay, Bakool, Galgadud, Mudug and the Shabelle regions account for 37 percent of all children reached to date.
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
Major food security Emergencies continue across the region due to conflict, drought
73,000 total displacements in month
25% related to conflict or insecurity
75,000 Individuals provided with assistance in June
44,000 individuals were provided with drinking water through trucked water delivery and borehole rehabilitation (23,910 in Togdheer, 16,800 in Lower Juba, 2,400 in Sanaag and 890 in Sool regions)*.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Over 53,000 people in four countries will benefit; includes emergency nutrition response in Somalia
Over 53,000 people in four countries will benefit from six projects totaling $1.04 million committed by Canadian Foodgrains Bank in July.
The projects are being implemented by Foodgrains Bank members Development and Peace—Caritas Canada, Canadian Baptist Ministries, World Relief Canada and World Renew, in collaboration with their local partners.
One project, through Development and Peace, is responding to the crisis in Somalia.
8020TH MEETING (AM)
Calling upon all parties in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria to urgently take steps that would enable a more effective humanitarian response, the Security Council today expressed its grave concern about the unprecedented level of global humanitarian needs and the threat of famine currently facing more than 20 million people in those countries.
- A new story: We worked on a new story for Dorcas in 2016, with various departments and stakeholders giving their input.
A total of 864 AWD/cholera cases and 4 deaths (CFR-0.5%) were reported during week 29 from 38 districts in 13 regions. Of these, 137 cases (16%) were reported from Lower Jubba region.
There was a 19% decrease in the number of new AWD/cholera cases from 1,068 cases in week 28 to 864 cases in week 29. Deaths increased from 3 during week 28 to 4 during week 29.
The number of cases in South Central decreased from 610 and 3 deaths during week 28 to 506 cases and 4 deaths in week 29.
The number of beneficiaries of Charitable Projects in Somalia in co-operation with international humanitarian organisations reached 200,000 people, at a cost of $6.3mn, between 2009 and 2017, according to a report by the Qatar Charity (QC).
The projects directly covered emergency relief, education, healthcare, water, sanitation, food security, displaced resettlement, economic empowerment and sustainable development, the report said.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the second quarter of 2017 (April to June). The maps on pages 6–7 provide impact analysis dis-aggregated to sub-national level.