Somalia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017. This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of 31 May 2017, there had been an estimated 739,000 drought displacements since November 2016...More than 480,000 of the displaced, or 65 per cent, are under the age of 18. Moreover, people under 5 years old represent more than one-quarter (195,000) of all those displaced — and are the most at risk of malnutrition and disease. (UNHCR, 31 May 2017)
3.2 million people are severely food insecure. This situation is expected to persist throughout 2017 given the high likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. Access to food is relatively better than previously projected due to large-scale humanitarian assistance...102,263 people have been treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) since January. SAM admissions have increased by more than 50% since 2016. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU)’s post-Jilaal 2017 survey indicates a high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (15% to 30%) in the Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugal regions, as well as in Baidoa and Mogadishu IDP camps. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)
While the latest FSNAU assessments show a decrease of the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 6.7 million to 6.2 million people, the threat of localized famine countered by scaled-up humanitarian response is as relevant today as it was in the first months of this crisis. The Gu harvest will provide temporary relief for some communities in terms of food availability, but the harvest is reduced due to poor rains and access to food remains constrained. Prices will remain elevated through at least early 2018. Malnutrition, one of the leading indicators of the crisis, has reached emergency levels in a number of locations in southern and central Somalia, primarily, though not exclusively among displaced populations. Overall, some 388,000 acutely malnourished children are in need of critical nutrition support, including life-saving treatment for more than 87,000 severely malnourished children. Nearly 895,000 internally displaced people due to drought and conflict rely almost exclusively on assistance for basic services and life support. Major AWD/Cholera and measles outbreaks are also of continued concern. Through robust humanitarian assistance and the modest benefits from the underperforming Gu rains, the situation has stabilized but remains of serious concern at emergency levels. Whereas there is a modest decline in the number of people in need, there is an increase in the number of persons in the emergency-phase (IPC 4) compared to the previous assessment. When the threat of famine was announced in February, the number of people in need stood at 6.2 million. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan January – December 2017, Update June 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
- Somalia Situation 2017 Supplementary Appeal January - December 2017
- Operational Plan for famine prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
UN Migration Tracks Migrant Populations, Needs in Yemen
Sana’a – Today (22/08), IOM, the UN Migration Agency in the Republic of Yemen announces the publication of a Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report on Enhancing the Understanding of Migration and Population Mobility in Yemen. The report identifies a total of 50,529 migrants having entered Yemen between January and July 2017. This figure is now expected to be higher.
A total of 163 AWD/cholera cases and no deaths (CFR-0%) were reported from 22 districts in 9 regions during week 32. Of these, 82 cases (50%) were reported from Banadir region.
There was a 30% decrease in the number of new AWD/cholera cases from 234 cases in week 31 to 163 cases in week 32.
The number of cases in South Central decreased from 205 and 2 deaths during week 31 to 144 cases and no deaths in week 32.
A Global Commitment to Education in Emergencies
On a hot, flat, stony plateau outside Kismaayo, hundreds of people pack into a settlement for internally displaced persons (IDPs). Bashir Muhamed Muktar stands at a water point, helping weary ladies lift jerry cans of water. Over the last five years, he has witnessed a raft of humanitarian crises that have affected many communities in Somalia’s Jubbaland state. Mr. Muktar could have easily opted for another profession but decided to work as a humanitarian aid worker in one of the harshest environments in the country.
Ridwaan Abdi remembers vividly his life in Somalia with his parents during the civil war.
“I was about four years of age, and we would lineup to receive nutrition biscuits,” Ridwaan recalls. “I know what it feels like to have no food, no shelter, and no access to water. I was one of the thousands of children who experienced real hunger.”
Ridwaan says his childhood experience influenced his choice of career.
“What I witnessed living in Mogadishu during the civil war greatly determined my decision to become a humanitarian worker,” he remarks.
Mogadishu, 17 August 2017 - The Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia Peter de Clercq has commended aid workers and volunteers for their contribution to serving humanity and averting a famine that threatened Somalia earlier this year.
Mr. de Clercq spoke during an event to mark World Humanitarian Day in Mogadishu and thanked aid workers for risking their lives on a daily basis to save the lives of others in distress.
Tens of millions of children caught up in armed conflict must be protected from life-threatening attacks and violence.
Around the world, conflict is exacting a devastating toll on millions of children. With increasing frequency, children are being deliberately and indiscriminately attacked and denied life-saving humanitarian assistance in breach of international humanitarian law. On World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, join the United Nations and its partners in standing together to demand that children are #NotATarget.
Food shortages are expected to continue in Somalia up until the end of the year. Below average Gu rains, pest infestation and lesser than average area cultivated, have resulted in reduced cereal production, expected to be 50-60 percent of the average according to the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). Displaced persons, many of whom face insecure livelihoods, are particularly affected. According to nutrition surveys conducted by FSNAU, there is a Global Acute Malnutrition (WHZ) prevalence of 15 percent or higher in nine out of 12 displaced people’s settlements.
- The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains critical until the end of the year. Continued large scale assistance is required to keep Somalia free of famine.
- In July, WFP reached 2.3 million beneficiaries with emergency food and cash-based assistance.
UN Security Council acknowledges conflict as a major cause of famine
17 August 2017, Rome - The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) welcomes the UN Security Council's recognition of conflict as a major cause of famine, and the call to enhance longer-term recovery and resilience of conflict-affected countries. FAO's response comes after the UN Security Council adopted a presidential statement acknowledging the link between conflict and famine.
With 20 million women, children and men struggling to find food and safe drinking water in parts of Africa and Yemen, Canadians donated more than $8 million to the Humanitarian Coalition and its member agencies during the Stop Famine Together joint campaign.
Thanks to the Government of Canada’s Famine Relief Fund, which matched eligible donations, even more relief aid is available to those in need.
1. HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
67,000 Individuals provided with assistance in July
53,150 individuals were provided with drinking water through trucked water delivery, borehole rehabilitation and water kiosks(25,950 in Lower Juba, 23,910 in Togdheer, 2,400 in Sanaag and 890 in Sool regions)*.
6,600 individuals benefited from core relief items (CRI)**.600 emergency shelter kits were distributed to 600 households(3,600 individuals) in Nugaal region and 500 emergency shelter kits were distributed to 500 households(3,000 individuals)in Bari region.
WHO urgently requires US$ 6.8 million to scale up its response activities in Somalia and conduct a measles immunization campaign for 4.2 million children in November 2017
16 August 2017 – As millions of people in Somalia remain trapped in a devastating cycle of hunger and disease, WHO and health partners are working with national health authorities to save lives and reach the most vulnerable with essential health services.
Africa’s humanitarian crises have continued to worsen in 2017. Twenty million Africans have been displaced from their homes and 44 million are acutely food insecure
Civil war, political instability, the presence of terrorist militias, drought, famine: the current situation for most countries in the Horn of Africa is a cause for concern. Because of the difficulties and despite the immense challenges, international commitment to the region has remained strong. Switzerland also has a presence on the ground: through its governmental institutions and NGOs, it is trying not only to deal with the most pressing issues but also to establish stability and lasting peace, either directly or by supporting local organizations.