Somalia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017. This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of 31 May 2017, there had been an estimated 739,000 drought displacements since November 2016...More than 480,000 of the displaced, or 65 per cent, are under the age of 18. Moreover, people under 5 years old represent more than one-quarter (195,000) of all those displaced — and are the most at risk of malnutrition and disease. (UNHCR, 31 May 2017)
3.2 million people are severely food insecure. This situation is expected to persist throughout 2017 given the high likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. Access to food is relatively better than previously projected due to large-scale humanitarian assistance...102,263 people have been treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) since January. SAM admissions have increased by more than 50% since 2016. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU)’s post-Jilaal 2017 survey indicates a high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (15% to 30%) in the Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugal regions, as well as in Baidoa and Mogadishu IDP camps. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)
While the latest FSNAU assessments show a decrease of the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 6.7 million to 6.2 million people, the threat of localized famine countered by scaled-up humanitarian response is as relevant today as it was in the first months of this crisis. The Gu harvest will provide temporary relief for some communities in terms of food availability, but the harvest is reduced due to poor rains and access to food remains constrained. Prices will remain elevated through at least early 2018. Malnutrition, one of the leading indicators of the crisis, has reached emergency levels in a number of locations in southern and central Somalia, primarily, though not exclusively among displaced populations. Overall, some 388,000 acutely malnourished children are in need of critical nutrition support, including life-saving treatment for more than 87,000 severely malnourished children. Nearly 895,000 internally displaced people due to drought and conflict rely almost exclusively on assistance for basic services and life support. Major AWD/Cholera and measles outbreaks are also of continued concern. Through robust humanitarian assistance and the modest benefits from the underperforming Gu rains, the situation has stabilized but remains of serious concern at emergency levels. Whereas there is a modest decline in the number of people in need, there is an increase in the number of persons in the emergency-phase (IPC 4) compared to the previous assessment. When the threat of famine was announced in February, the number of people in need stood at 6.2 million. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan January – December 2017, Update June 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
- Somalia Situation 2017 Supplementary Appeal January - December 2017
- Operational Plan for famine prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
By Fred Oluoch
Kenya will have to wait to reduce the number of refugees it hosts as its voluntary repatriation and closure of camps plan has run into challenges.
Lack of resources, insecurity in Somalia and opposition by human rights groups have forced Kenya to hold its horses.
In July, for example, only 3,248 refugees — out of 241,355 —took advantage of the voluntary repatriation programme. A total of 28,924 refugees have returned to Somalia this year.
Foreign Ministry announces allocation of new funds for East Africa from the Foreign Disaster Fund (FDF)
Mogadishu, 31 August 2017 — The Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Peter de Clercq, today expressed concern about the continued threat of famine in Somalia, whilst praising the collective efforts that have so far prevented famine from being declared. He urged the international community to stay the course and sustain famine prevention efforts.
Eleven-year-old Kamal* walked barefoot across scorched scrubland for a week from his home in Somalia to Kenya. With their crops and livestock devastated by drought, Kamal’s family had no choice but to leave and try their luck in a new country.
Kamal was lucky. Unlike many children who died along the way, he made it across the Kenyan border, and is now living in Dolow, near Ethiopia.
But there, too, the situation is desperate.
* Not his real name. Name has been changed to protect his privacy.
For the second month in a row, new entries continue to outpace exits. Sites in Baidoa witnessed 4,517 entries and 791 exits in this reporting period, mirroring those from the previous reporting period, which saw 4,203 entries and 528 exits.
Most new arrivals came to the sites due to insecurity (48%) or for access to food (32%). Nearly all those exiting the sites left to manage their farms (81%), which is expected since July is the start of the harvest season.
• Western region of Somaliland received good rain while other parts received showers.
• Sool, Sanaag, Nugaal and Bari regions continue to experience critical water shortage caused by drying up of berkeds and increased demand of water by both human and livestock.
• Drought induced internal displaced persons (IDPs) have not being intergrated back into the community yet.
Mogadishu – During a week-long visit to Somalia, a senior UN advisor on internal displacement called for the establishment of an effective framework and durable solutions in the country, which, together with strong government leadership and the mobilization of multi-year flexible funding, would provide sustainable livelihoods and adequate standards of living to internal displaced persons (IDPs) and their host communities.
Aggressive scale of services with over 1,700 emergency nutrition sites providing lifesaving nutrition services all over the country.
Nutrition cluster partners have been able to signicantly scale-up the response, providing more than 441,256 acute malnourished children, including 156,048 severely so (double compared to last year same time), with lifesaving treatment.
A total of 97 new cases of AWD where reported in week 33 compared to 163 cases in week 32
The new AWD cases were reported from 12 districts in 5 regions of which 64% where reported from Banadir region
No new deaths have been reported from all the zones over the past 2 weeks
A cumulative total of 60,288 cases and 820 deaths have been reported in 52 districts of 16 regions of South central and Puntland since January 2017
Information from the most recent Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) states that:
• 6.2 million people (half the Somalia population) face acute food insecurity, of which 3.1 million people will face Crisis or Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4).
130,000 total displacements in month
46% related to conflict or insecurity
Normal to below normal rains expected in most parts of Somalia during the Deyr 2017 season
The Deyr rains are usually shorter and less in quantity than the Gu rains. However, they are beneficial in supporting agricultural activities and boosting water availability for different uses. Generally the season starts in late September and ends in November. Nevertheless, this varies from place to place across the country with the northern parts receiving the rains much earlier than the southern parts.
Droughts in Somalia. Water rationing in Rome. Flooding in Jakarta. It doesn't take a hydrologist to realize that there is a growing global water crisis. Each August, water experts, industry innovators, and researchers gather in Stockholm for World Water Week to tackle the planet's most pressing water issues.