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20 Jan 2018 description

A variety of natural hazards—including cyclical drought, floods, and environmental degradation—are endemic to the East and Central Africa (ECA) region, where conflict, rapid population growth, and limited government response capacity have compounded humanitarian needs over the last decade. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S.

19 Jan 2018 description

By Sophie Tholstrup, Cash Adviser for UNOCHA in New York. This article originally appeared in Devex.

19 Jan 2018 description

By Corrie Butler, IFRC

Driving through the rural landscapes of Somaliland, the views are breathtaking – towering blue mountains cutting the glaring sky over dry, thorn-bushed desert. Small dome-like temporary houses, known as ‘aqals’, dot the arid terrain.

These belong to nomads who have survived in these harsh conditions for generations, but for the first time, they are facing an uncertain future.

18 Jan 2018 description

"Needs have gone through the roof for the whole of the humanitarian system, and donors really can't keep up with these increased needs."

By Nita Bhalla

NAIROBI, Jan 17 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Cuts in food rations for 1.5 million refugees in east Africa, due to funding shortages, could increase school dropouts, crime and malnutrition, a United Nations official said on Wednesday.

17 Jan 2018 description

Mogadishu, 17 January 2018 — The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan for Somalia, which calls for $1.6 billion to protect the lives of 5.4 million Somalis, was launched today by the Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Peter de Clercq.

In his remarks, De Clercq said: “Working together with the Somali authorities and with historical levels of support from the international community, I am proud that we averted a possible famine last year.

17 Jan 2018 description

Overview

The unprecedented drought spanning over four consecutive poor rainy seasons has severely aggravated the humanitarian crisis in Somalia. Humanitarian needs have increased drastically due to limited rain, large-scale displacement, lack of access to basic services and, at its root, ongoing conflict

17 Jan 2018 description

As at end December 2017, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) required US$24.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 105.1 million crisis-affected people in 38 countries. Together the appeals were funded at $13.8 billion, or 54% of requirements. Funding for the appeals in 2017 fell 46% short of requirements, with $10.9 billion outstanding.

17 Jan 2018 description

Operating environment was marked with small-scale attacks, political tensions between the State of Puntland and ‘Somaliland’ and forced evictions.
Drought, insecurity and conflicts, remain key drivers of displacement and lack of comprehensive land tenure framework remains one of the key drivers for forced evictions.
According to monitoring agencies drought will continue in 2018 and can lead to further increased vulnerability of persons of concern.

Major developments

A whole-of-society approach – a new improved way of UNHCR response

16 Jan 2018 description

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:

» Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I).

» The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II).

16 Jan 2018 description

Foreword

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 (SOFI) has revealed that global hunger is on the rise again after declining for more than two decades. Global hunger rose from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million people in 2016.

16 Jan 2018 description
report IRIN

The rise in man-made, protracted emergencies means millions are at risk of starving around the globe this year

It’s a difficult new year for the humanitarian system and those reliant on it: a near-record number of people are in need and yet a yawning funding gap will limit what assistance can be provided.

Read more on IRIN.

16 Jan 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

The humanitarian situation in Somalia has continued to deteriorate due to the ongoing impacts of drought and conflict. An estimated 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 3.1 million who urgently require sustained, life-saving services and protection.3 Despite the provision of large-scale assistance in 2017, the risk of famine persists.

15 Jan 2018 description

FACTS & FIGURES

3.3 million people are experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity

1.2 million acutely malnourished children expected in 2018

1 in 7 children dies before age 5

2.1 million internally displaced

Over 870 000 Somali refugees in neighbouring countries (sources: FEWS NET, FSNAU, UNHCR, UNICEF)

EU humanitarian funding: €119 million in 2017

Introduction

12 Jan 2018 description

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2018

12 Jan 2018 description
report ACTED

In Somalia, 6.2 million people still remain severely food insecure while the humanitarian context in the country continues to deteriorate. Drought conditions spanning over four consecutive poor rainy seasons have severely intensified the humanitarian crisis.

12 Jan 2018 description

Highlights
- A total of 90 new cases including 1 death of AWD were reported in week 1 compared to 53 cases in week 52 in two Region.
- In Hiraan, new AWD/Cholera cases were reported in Beletweyne while in Banadir new AWD/Cholera cases were reported in Daynile district.
- A cumulative total of 90 cases and 1 death have been reported in 8 districts of 2 regions of South central since January 2018.

11 Jan 2018 description

The Deyr rains (October- December) were below average, impacting negatively on crop production and pasture conditions across the country. Food security needs are nearly double the five-year average. More than two million people, including over one million in 2017, are displaced and constitute one-third of the 6.2 million people in need of assistance. Life-saving assistance alongside livelihood support is required to address the humanitarian needs.

11 Jan 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

  • This week there were 374 new arrivals and only 21 exits at the Baidoa checkpoints. This represents the fourth week in a row that the number of exits has remained below 100. In general, since midNovember all movements in and out Baidoa IDP sites have remained relatively low compared with previous months.

  • All of the new entries cited either insecurity (83%), lack of food (15%) or health (2%) as their reasons for entry.

11 Jan 2018 description

Highlights

Main achievements during the month of December

Number of returnees1 1,596 Somalis returned to Somalia
Core relief items 510 CRI kits to 314 returnee households (1,055 persons)
Reinstallation grants 1,267 refugee returnees provided with reinstallation grants
Shelters 50 shelters and 33 latrines constructed
Community-based projects 1,976 beneficiaries of community-based projects

Updates on achievements

UNCHR will continue investing in housing, education and livelihoods

11 Jan 2018 description

Heavy rainfall associated with Tropical Cyclone Ava causes flooding in Madagascar

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since November, rainfall has been belowaverage in South Africa.
    The early season abnormal dryness has expanded into several parts of southern and western Mozambique, Zimbabwe, eastern Botswana, and southern Zambia, where rainfall is forecast to be low during the middle of January.