Somalia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017. This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of 31 May 2017, there had been an estimated 739,000 drought displacements since November 2016...More than 480,000 of the displaced, or 65 per cent, are under the age of 18. Moreover, people under 5 years old represent more than one-quarter (195,000) of all those displaced — and are the most at risk of malnutrition and disease. (UNHCR, 31 May 2017)
3.2 million people are severely food insecure. This situation is expected to persist throughout 2017 given the high likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. Access to food is relatively better than previously projected due to large-scale humanitarian assistance...102,263 people have been treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) since January. SAM admissions have increased by more than 50% since 2016. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU)’s post-Jilaal 2017 survey indicates a high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (15% to 30%) in the Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugal regions, as well as in Baidoa and Mogadishu IDP camps. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)
While the latest FSNAU assessments show a decrease of the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 6.7 million to 6.2 million people, the threat of localized famine countered by scaled-up humanitarian response is as relevant today as it was in the first months of this crisis. The Gu harvest will provide temporary relief for some communities in terms of food availability, but the harvest is reduced due to poor rains and access to food remains constrained. Prices will remain elevated through at least early 2018. Malnutrition, one of the leading indicators of the crisis, has reached emergency levels in a number of locations in southern and central Somalia, primarily, though not exclusively among displaced populations. Overall, some 388,000 acutely malnourished children are in need of critical nutrition support, including life-saving treatment for more than 87,000 severely malnourished children. Nearly 895,000 internally displaced people due to drought and conflict rely almost exclusively on assistance for basic services and life support. Major AWD/Cholera and measles outbreaks are also of continued concern. Through robust humanitarian assistance and the modest benefits from the underperforming Gu rains, the situation has stabilized but remains of serious concern at emergency levels. Whereas there is a modest decline in the number of people in need, there is an increase in the number of persons in the emergency-phase (IPC 4) compared to the previous assessment. When the threat of famine was announced in February, the number of people in need stood at 6.2 million. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan January – December 2017, Update June 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
- Somalia Situation 2017 Supplementary Appeal January - December 2017
- Operational Plan for famine prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
UNHCR in 2017 – by the numbers
As of September 2017, UNHCR’s budget is at an historic high of $7.763 billion, which is currently 46% funded
This growth is concurrent with the unabated levels of global displacement, with 67.7 million people of concern to UNHCR worldwide.
The funding gap is widening, now standing at 54%. Based on indications received from donors and analysis of funding trends, UNHCR estimates the gap may reduce to 47% by year’s end.
Severe drought and food insecurity continues across the country with around 6.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance according to monitoring agencies.
Projected outcomes of Deyr rainfall and warmer temperatures could increase displacements and vulnerability of displaced persons.
Working with Partners
As part of the UN integrated mission to Somalia, UNHCR maintains close collaboration with UN agencies, national and international NGOs.
The three days cumulated rainfall forecast is pointing (Map 1) towards light to moderate rains in central and southern regions of the country as well as the Ethiopian highlands and this is expected to increase in quantity and space as the week progresses, given the one week forecast (Map 2).
The western parts of Somaliland and southern parts of Somalia including Lower Juba, Lower Shabelle and Middle Shabelle will remain dry during the forecast period.
River levels in the middle reach of Shabelle are currently high with a high risk of flooding in Jowhar and the environs.
This briefing has been been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval.
Maize grain as usual was the most traded commodity in the region followed by dry beans, rice and then sorghum. See Figure 1.
Staple commodity prices especially for maize are expected to remain above last year and five year average prices despite near average harvest in the region with spatial pockets of deficit within and between countries because carryover stocks are low, tightening supplies available for trade.
Sustained assistance needed in Somalia, Ethiopia where below-average Deyr rains are forecast
18 October 2017
Dr Florian Krampe
‘We have succeeded at keeping famine at bay, we have not kept suffering at bay’, said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres while briefing members of the UN Security Council on 12 October. Explaining the impediments to an effective response to the risks of famine in north-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, and, Guterres named conflict as a root cause of famine.
Over 1 million people in Somalia have been forced to abandon their homes this year seeking food and water, mainly due to drought.
“We are alarmed at the massive scale of this crisis. On average, a staggering 3,500 people per day have fled their homes this year searching for food and water to stay alive,” said the Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) Regional Director, Gabriella Waaijman. “We are witnessing a mass exodus from rural villages not seen since the deadly 2011–2012 famine that killed 260,000 people.”
Après dix ans de régression quasi constante, la faim dans le monde a brusquement augmenté. Pourtant, nous produisons suffisamment pour nourrir deux fois la population mondiale. Alors quelles sont les causes de ce drame ? Voici cinq points pour comprendre pourquoi la faim fait de si nombreuses victimes.
World Food Day is supposed to celebrate progress toward ending hunger around the globe.
But this World Food Day, 815 million people are hungry.
Reports from the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN) indicate that some 49,000 individuals have been newly internally-displaced countrywide during September (August: 63,000). Of these, for 30,000 the primary reason given was drought related. This represents the lowest figure this year.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The conflicts in Nigeria, Somalia, and South Sudan have led to an increasing number of displaced people who are facing food crises. There have been significant efforts to provide humanitarian aid to populations in need to prevent the occurrence of famine. However, prolonged violence in these countries, in combination with the environmental conditions continues to cause drought and exacerbate food insecurity for these populations. Security issues are preventing access to populations of concern and are blocking food and non-food aid.
IN THIS ISSUE
Page 1 Sustainable reintegration through cash-based interventions
Page 3 UNHCR Somalia the biggest CBIs operation in Africa by a large margin
Page 4 Payment process of a cash assistance for Somali refugee returnees
Page 5 CBIs monitoring exercise: preliminary findings
Page 6 Cash assistance revitalizes local economy
Page 7 A returnee family integrates with CBIs assistance
Nearly one million people displaced in Somalia from January to August, more than 800,000 primarily due to drought conditions
Clashes in Ethiopia’s Oromiya and Somali regions displace populations, exacerbate humanitarian needs
USG provided more than $1 billion in humanitarian funding for the Horn of Africa regional response in FY 2017
National Statement delivered by Ambassador Carl Skau on behalf of Sweden at the United Nations Security Council Briefing on Risk of famine in Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and northeast Nigeria, 12 October 2017, New York.
Thank You Mr President,
I would like to join you in welcoming the Secretary-General to the Council today for this important meeting, and to thank him for his comprehensive briefing.
22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region
15 million People facing crisis and emergencey food insecurity - 84,575 Cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) / Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths
1.8 Million People in Kenya,
Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$1,612,000 Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
12 OCTOBER 2017
Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks to the Security Council briefing on countries at risk of famine, in New York today:
Nine months ago, some 20 million people were at severe risk of famine in South Sudan, Somalia, Yemen and north-east Nigeria. About 100,000 people in South Sudan were on the verge of starvation.