Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
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- Helping Ethiopia Achieve Green Growth and Avoid Industrialised Nations’ Environmental Mistakes
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
WRITTEN BY BETH ALLEN
Organizations like Food for the Hungry commemorate World Food Day to remember those who go to bed with empty stomachs every night. But we also celebrate how vulnerable farmers all over the world now feed their families regular, nutritious meals.
Despite many odds, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) provided emergency assistance and durable solutions to more than 3 million people in the nine countries of the East Africa and Yemen programme.
In South Sudan, with more than 6 million people nationwide not having enough to eat, lack of access to food became the biggest crisis. In most parts of the country, people survived by eating wild fruits, cactus leaves, water lilies and other desperate survival tactics. Meanwhile hundreds of thousands of people continued to flee the country to seek refuge in neighbouring countries.
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
East Africa worst hit by internal displacement in first half of 2018
Geneva, 12 September 2018 - Latest figures from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) reveal that millions of people across the world have become displaced inside their own country since January. Worldwide, there were 5.2 million new internal displacements associated with conflict and violence in the first half of 2018, based on the analysis of data from the 10 worst-affected countries.
Innovative research in Ethiopia gives people a voice
ICCO, together with Tear, conducted innovative research on the food & nutrition security situation of poor rural households in Ethiopia. The research aimed to generate input for evidence-based dialogue between self-help groups and local authorities. Self-help groups are informal community-based organizations, that operate at local level and offer mutual socio-economic support to their members.
August 30, 2018 - Children in East Africa are increasingly exposed to significant risks as a result of different kinds of disasters across the region. Millions of children are constantly on the move as political instability and conflict is increasingly driving them out of their homelands. At the moment, the region hosts the largest number of forcibly displaced persons on the African continent.
Almost three million people living in some of the most remote and dangerous areas of the world will be receiving meat as part of Islamic Relief’s Qurbani distributions, during the Eid Festival.
The international humanitarian and development organisation is distributing quality Qurbani meat in 35 countries across the Middle East, Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe, during Eid al-Adha, which this year is celebrated between 21-23 August.
Whilst older people have special needs, they also have unique skills, experiences and roles within their families, communities and societies. These roles continue to a certain extent during droughts, though household burdens may increase as younger adults have migrated or are grazing livestock further away.
(Nairobi, 19th July 2018), At least 1 million people, the majority of whom being women and children are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance following recent inter-communal conflict in Ethiopia. Aid agencies in Ethiopia are appealing for critical and urgent assistance for close to a million people that have fled their homes following inter-communal violence along the border of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' (SNNPR) and Oromia Regions of Ethiopia.
July 2018 marks the one-year anniversary of Trócaire's emergency appeal in response to the crisis in East Africa. Trócaire has been able to respond to the crisis providing water, food and funds to 75,000 people.
July 2018 marks the one-year anniversary of Trócaire's emergency appeal in response to the crisis in East Africa.
This appeal responded to the threat of famine in Somalia, South Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia. A combination of drought and conflict left almost 25 million people facing severe food shortages.
ADDIS ABABA (July 19, 2018) - Since the beginning of this year, over 800,000 people in Ethiopia have fled the violence. In total, around one million people are estimated to be displaced inside the country. Houses and major infrastructure have been severely damaged. More than 200 people have lost their lives. “This is a massive humanitarian crisis which is totally off the radar of the international community,” says Fred McCray, CARE’s Acting Country Director in Ethiopia. “People are in desperate need for help. The region has been suffering from hunger for years.
3 Million People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
13.1 Million Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
16 Million People affected by drought in the region
1 Million People affected by floods
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation and worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought.
An upsurge of inter-communal violence in Ethiopia's West Guji and Gedeo regions has forced an estimated 978,000 people to flee their homes since 13 April, according to the United Nations. "This surge in violence makes Ethiopia one of the fastest growing displacement crises in the world today. Despite this, it is utterly failing to get the attention and funding it deserves," said Nigel Tricks, Regional Director of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
2.5 million girls in eastern Africa in urgent need of protection
More than 2.5 million girls have been forced to flee their homes across eastern Africa and are in urgent need of protection, a new report from World Vision has found.
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
*by Sini Maria Heikkila, Humanitarian Policy Officer Tearfund and *
Denis Kongere, Regional Drought Policy and Campaigns Manager, Oxfam
• Humanitarian situation overview:
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners have released updated immediate humanitarian funding priorities.
The needs urgently require US$280.4 million to ensure a response for the next six months. Assistance needed includes delivering emergency health and nutrition services, expanding water and sanitation facilities, improving access to education, and ensuring Improvements in basic living conditions .