Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- Ethiopia: The 2018 HDRP is facing a US$416.4 million funding shortfall to cover needs until the end of the year
- Africa Regional Media Hub Press Briefing on World Food Day with USAID Bureau for Food Security Assistant Administrator Beth Dunford and USAID Food for Peace Director Matt Nims via Teleconference
- Helping Ethiopia Achieve Green Growth and Avoid Industrialised Nations’ Environmental Mistakes
- UNHCR Ethiopia - Operational Update (September 2018)
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
The priority funding gaps presented here are intended to inform urgently required funding decisions by donors. The priorities have been reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator a.i, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the Commissioner of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC). This latest prioritization exercise follows the exercise conducted in May 2018.
• The Government and partners have taken several measures to enhance response coordination and to boost response capacity at site level. Two Emergency Operation Centres (EOCs) were established in Dilla Town and in Bule Hora Town.
• The response is currently being rapidly scaled-up with diverted resources from life-saving responses to drought, flood and conflict-displacements elsewhere in the country and new resources allocated.
The multi-sectoral Response Plan targets 818,250 recently displaced people. A total of $117.7m is urgently required, of which approximately $6.99m has already been mobilized by Government and partners, primarily through diverting resources that were originally intended for important response elsewhere in the country.
Time period covered: 2-23 May 2018
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) collaborated in calling DPPB and other woreda officials. In Somali region, also UNICEF, WHO and WFP participated.
Hotspot priority 1 woredas and woredas hosting many IDPs were prioritized for inclusion
Some woredas remain uncovered because of the telephone network and lack of information with DPPB officials
The priority funding gaps presented here are intended to inform urgently required funding decisions by donors, and a new allocation from the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (anticipated balance of US$23 million once current pledges are realized). The priorities have been reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the Commissioner of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC).
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A joint (UNHCR, WFP and ARRA) annual standardised expanded nutrition survey (SENS) was conducted at Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Sheder camps from 11 to 23 Dec 2017. The three refugee camps are situated in Ethiopia Somali regional state in the Eastern part of Ethiopia.
Jijiga is the capital town of Ethiopia-Somali regional state, eastern part of Ethiopia, which is 635 km from the capital city of Addis Ababa.
I. Displacements Overview
Displacement Tracking Matrix 9
• Food Cluster: 8.5 million emergency beneficiaries and 4.5 m ex-public work clients received emergency food commodities.
During the last quarter of 2017, IDPs were also targeted for emergency food distribution. There were delays in food distribution especially in Somali region. One round was dropped and two rounds were carried over to the first quarter of 2018. As a result, out of nine only six rounds of food distribution were completed within 2017.