Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
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UNHCR delivers lifesaving assistance to respond to the increased Eritrean influx following the reopening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Ethiopia is experiencing an increase in the number of internally displaced people. In total, over 2.8 million people in Ethiopia are currently internally displaced.
UNHCR enhances registration data and has frozen refugee figures as of 31 August 2018.
Hence all figures in this Operation Update are as of August 2018.
UNHCR delivers lifesaving aid to respond to the increased Eritrean influx
By Vania Barbara Turner in Melkadida, Ethiopia
A pioneering partnership with IKEA Foundation turns a parched desert into valuable agricultural land for refugees and locals in Ethiopia’s remote Somali region.
The canal system that brings precious water to farmers in this remote community in eastern Ethiopia has allowed a parched desert to bloom and a community to flourish.
Regional update - Africa
Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme
Sixty-ninth session 1-5 October 2018
A. Situational context
Update of UNHCR’s operations in Africa
A. Situational context
- In August, UNHCR provided 14,800 emergency kits to internally displaced Ethiopians in South Ethiopia. UNHCR has procured a total of 50,000 emergency kits with funding from CERF (UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund).
- Ethiopian Government held consultations on the new National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS) which consolidates Ethiopia’s commitment to improve the lives of both refugees and host communities.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is urging more support for the nearly one million people displaced by recent violence in South Western Ethiopia, including those who have returned home.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Andrej Mahecic – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, is ramping up its response to the urgent needs of nearly one million people displaced by recent violence in south western Ethiopia.
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering over 923,863 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 30 June 2018.
During the first six months of 2018, 32,477 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 3,266 in June. They include 19,195 refugees from South Sudan and almost 12,000 from Eritrea.
World Refugee Day 2018 was commemorated on 20 June in the capital Addis Ababa as well as in the 26 refugee camps across the five Regional States hosting refugees.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A joint (UNHCR, WFP and ARRA) annual standardised expanded nutrition survey (SENS) was conducted at Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Sheder camps from 11 to 23 Dec 2017. The three refugee camps are situated in Ethiopia Somali regional state in the Eastern part of Ethiopia.
Jijiga is the capital town of Ethiopia-Somali regional state, eastern part of Ethiopia, which is 635 km from the capital city of Addis Ababa.
- Ethiopia launched CRRF to further the protection of refugees and promote their self-reliance through a comprehensive and sustainable response, while supporting host communities.
- 74,392 South Sudanese refugees have been registered in Ethiopia since 1 January. The majority have reportedly fled conflict.
- Refugees in Addis Ababa continue to be L3 registered. This will ensure access to rights in line with the NY Declaration.
Update on global programmes
A Global Commitment to Education in Emergencies
Ethiopia was hit by one of the worst drought for the first time in history in 2015. The seasonal assessments that followed the occurrence of the drought were able to identify the needs in the various sectors including the precarious protection situation of vulnerable groups including women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, internally displaced persons etc. The various requirements including protection needs were subsequently highlighted in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document.
Ethiopia, one of the world’s fastest growing countries, continues to be affected by various natural disasters which impact its economic progress. The recent El Nino induced drought has affected the lives and livelihoods of many Ethiopians causing food insecurity, malnutrition and water shortages in the affected areas, forcing some into displacement. The consequent humanitarian needs have been documented in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), jointly prepared by the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) and humanitarian partners.
Key mission findings
The majority of drought-related displacement has occurred within regions, with people migrating from rural to urban areas while there are “climate refugees” who came from Somali region of Ethiopia. The pull factor of IDPs to Gaalkacyo is the presence of humanitarian organizations proving assistance.
Local authorities (north Gaalkayco) noted that drought and conflict are the major causes of displacements with more than 40,000 people having been displaced by the drought since January
Period January to December 2017
Current Population 1,769,241 (at 31 March 2017)
Population Planning Figures 2,130,500 Target Beneficiaries2,130,500
Financial Requirements US$ 1,382,909,571
Number of Partners 58
REGIONAL STRATEGIC OVERVIEW
Latest Developments in South Sudan
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
The Somali Regional State is the worst drought affected region in Ethiopia. The El Nino weather phenomenon in 2015/16 induced drought which a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of the people in the area. Since late 2016, the region has been further affected with a new Indian Ocean Dipole -induced drought.