Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- The Emerging Crisis: Is Famine Returning as a Major Driver of Migration?
- FAO: El Niño 2018-19
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #10 – Reporting Period: October 2018
- World Vision East Africa Region Situation Report | October 1 - October 31, 2018
(Nairobi, 19th July 2018), At least 1 million people, the majority of whom being women and children are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance following recent inter-communal conflict in Ethiopia. Aid agencies in Ethiopia are appealing for critical and urgent assistance for close to a million people that have fled their homes following inter-communal violence along the border of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' (SNNPR) and Oromia Regions of Ethiopia.
The Horn of Africa has been grappling with the effects of consecutive failed rains across Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia that led to 12 million people in need of humanitarian assistance at the start of 2017.
Children bore the brunt of the crisis as their families struggled to survive in a worsening situation that resulted in malnutrition, increased susceptibility to diseases, limited access to school and exposure to protection concerns as families would migrate in search of food and water.
90,000 children a week at risk of dropping out of school
90,000 children a week are at risk of dropping out of school in 2018, warns Save the Children, in an appeal for education funding in emergencies across East Africa. For many this would be their second year out of school, forced to abandon their studies because of the drought.
Do you wonder where the money you give us goes and what we use it for?
Every year, we receive money from the general public and other donors to fund our work with children all over the world.
Sometimes this money is given to us for a particular purpose, such as a specific emergency response, and that is what we spend it on.
Sometimes it’s not linked to a particular issue and we have more flexibility in how we use it.
A Global Commitment to Education in Emergencies
1.1 What is ACCRA?
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the SubSaharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
Millions of Children Robbed of Childhood in East and Southern Africa
The month of May has failed to bring any reprieve to drought-ravaged parts of Ethiopia, with the humanitarian situation threatening to unravel quickly if urgent action is not taken, Save the Children warned today.
Food supplies are already on the brink of depletion due to funding shortfalls, with need rapidly outstripping supply and donors’ funding failing to keep pace.
The Global Education Cluster (GEC) 2016 Report seeks to illustrate how the work of the GEC has been particularly significant in achieving results. It presents examples of our work that demonstrate how our aim to be as field-focused and field-informed as possible has enabled education responses to be more effective, through better coordination. The report also looks at the changing humanitarian landscape and new opportunities for the field of education in emergencies (EiE), with the launch of the Education Cannot Wait Fund.
More than one million children in war-torn South Sudan risk starvation, Save the Children is warning, as a famine is declared in the country’s Unity State.
The latest government and Famine Early Warning Systems figures predict that 4.9 million people (nearly half the country’s population) will be in a food crisis across the country, many of them close to famine level, between now and April. This includes at least one million children. That figure is expected to jump to 5.5 million people at the height of the lean season in July.
CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION
Over the past 25 years, Ethiopia has performed well in expanding formal and non-formal education opportunities, though ensuring the provision of quality education remains a challenge. Enrolment at all levels has improved substantially and youth and adult literacy rate increased from 27.1% in 1994 to 58.5% in 20151. Primary school (grades 1-8) gross enrolment increased from 22%2 in 1994 to over hundred percent3 in 2015 in most of the regions. Secondary school education increased from 9% in 1984 to 25.6%4 in 2014/15.
27th January 2017 - An estimated six and half million children could be at risk of starvation in the Horn of Africa as a result of back-to-back droughts in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya, Save the Children is warning ahead of this weekend’s African Union (AU) meetings in Addis Ababa.
Nearly half a million children in the region are already suffering from severe acute malnutrition.
The drought of 2015-16, combined with extensive subsequent flooding and disease outbreaks, continues to have a negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians and the disruption of basic public services. Overall food security and agricultural production remain severely affected, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors.
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the Sub-Saharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.