Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) high level officials had paid a visit to Kindo Koyesha Woreda Wolaita Zone.The visit basically aims at the distribution of water to the communities suffering from water due to the recurrent drought occurred in the Woreda.
Following the arrival of water truck in the area, a crowd of people flagged their hands with inexpressible joy; having naturally out-breaking smile from deep inside on their face.
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) in collaboration with the Netherlands Red Cross launched Partners for Resilience phase II (PFR II) disaster risk management project which will be implemented for the coming four years in Ebinat and Simada districts, in Amhara region. The Project is an extension of PFR phase I project.
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) with the money supported byDavid and Lucile Packard foundation provided supplementary food for 7,641 drought affected children under 5, lactating and pregnant mothers in Somali region Fafan zone, kebribeyah and Harshine districts from December 19 to 30,2016.
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) has distributed 19,872 kilos of supplementary food and 3204 litters of edible oil for the second time to drought affected communities of Afar region.
The distribution led by ERCS and done in collaboration with World Food Program and Disaster Prevention and Food Security Preparedness benefitted a total of 3013 drought victims.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) continued second round supplementary food distribution in Gursum and Jigjiga districts of Somali region for more than seven thousand drought affected people.
Amina Seid, 41, and her family lives in Bombas, a village in one of the worst drought-affected areas in Somali region. Amina who is a mother of five is a farmer who is struggling to feed herself and her young children.
By Alemseged Kiflu
Neway Challenge Academy mobilized over 200,000.00 birr from the school community to provide supplementary food to drought affected communities to four woredas of East Shewa Zone, September 23, 2016.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society distributed 160 quintals of CSB and 324 litters of edible oil to drought affected communities with the support provided by the Academy located in Eastern Showa Zone of Ada’a, Liben, Bora and Dugda woredas.
By Negussie Negash
Ethiopian Red Cross Society distributed Corn & Soya Bean (CSB), edible oil, Biscuit and bottled juices for more than 3000 beneficiaries in 15 kebeles of Bidu Woreda from April 25-28, 2016 for the second time.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) distributed worth of 1.9 million ETB supplementary foods to more than 5000 drought affected people in Silti Zone of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR).
Darfu Nuri, a mother of two children from Dalocha district, is one of the drought victims who received supplementary food aid from ERCS. “We have lost all our harvest due to lack of rain which in-turn has caused malnutrition to my children and me,” she explained the effects of the drought.
By Ahmed Muhammed
Philip Morris International (PMI) donated USD 500,000 to the Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) to support the drought victims.
During the handing over made on April 18, 2016 at Hilton Addis Hotel, Dr. Ahmed Reja, President of ERCS said, “so far, ERCS has provided 32 million ETB worth of supplementary food and essential nonfood items that benefited more than 125,000 people”.
He also stated that, the Society is currently in the process of purchasing additional supplementary food for more than 52,000 beneficiaries.
by Ahmed Mohammed
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) distributed water tankers and supplementary food aid worth of 621,395 birr to drought victims in different districts of North Shoa Zone of Amhara Region.
Emebet Dejene, a mother of five children from Efratana Gidim district said that the drought has caused acute food shortage to her family which particularly affected her children to become undernourished. “Therefore, the food aid from ERCS would be of vital importance in rehabilitating the risky health condition of her children,” she added.
by Degsew Amanu
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society distributed supplementary food and oil worth of 370,000 ETB to 1,100 drought victims in Ararso and Harshum woredas of Somali region.
Post Date: Tuesday, January 26, 2016 By Bekalu Ayalew
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society distributed worth of more than 3.45 million ETB non-food items (NFI) to 2000 households who are internal displaced due to drought in Erer and Afdem districts of Sitti Zone in Somali Region from 13 to 31 December 2015.
It was reported that 1000 NFI kits filled with 12 items each were distributed in Erer District for 1000 households and another 1000 KITs for 1000 households in Afdem District of Sitti Zone.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) provides 6.6 million ETB worth emergency supplementary food and non-food items to drought affected people from December 16-20, 2015 in Bidu and Eldar districts of Afar Regional State.
In Bidu district, ERCS distributed supplementary food items to 2,292 drought victims and among these 1,755 are malnourished children, pregnant women and lactating mothers. In addition, in Eldar district 230 victims received non- food items and 402 individuals have got supplementary food items.
By Ahmed Mohammed
ERCS to stage fundraising exhibition, bazaar for drought victims
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) announced its plan to stage fundraising exhibition and bazaar to collect around 4 million ETB to provide emergency assistance to drought victims.
During the announcement made on January 01, 2016, Patron of the Society President Dr. Mulatu Teshome said that the exhibition and bazaar which will be held from May 7-11, 2016, is supposed to support the effort being made to reach out to the drought victims.
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) provided worth of 9 million birr emergency response to nearly 23,920 internally displaced people due to drought induced conflict arisen in Hawi-Gudina district of West Harerge zone, Oromia regional state from September to November, 2015.