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16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 48,337 displaced individuals comprising 8,816 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region. These figures represent a decrease of 5,243 in the total individuals (-9.79%) a decrease of 98 households (-1.10%) and no increase in sites since round 12 July/August 2018. 20.37% sites opened in 2017 and 1.85% opened in 2018. Climate factors were the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 33.92% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 11,821 displaced individuals comprising 3,732 households in 47 displacement sites were identified in AMHARA region. These figures represent an increase of 6,038 in the total individuals (104.41%) an increase of 2,232 households (148.80%) and an increase of 13 sites (38.24%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 48.94% sites opened in 2017 and 19.15% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.91% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 49,552 displaced individuals comprising 20,842 households in 103 displacement sites were identified in TIGRAY region. These figures represent an increase of 19,438 in the total individuals (64.55%) an increase of 9,526 households (84.18%) and an increase of 18 sites (21.18%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 7.77% sites opened in 2017 and 27.18% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.64% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 21,073 displaced individuals comprising 3,226 households in 14 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region. These figures represent an increase of 8,338 in the total individuals (65.47%), an increase of 681 houesholds (26.76%) and an increase of 1 sites (7.69%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 35.71% sites opened in 2017 and 28.57% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 82.23% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 1,016,166 displaced individuals comprising 168,246 households in 388 displacement sites were identified in SOMALI region. These figures represent a decrease of 75,044 in the total individuals (-6.88%) an decrease of 11,280 households (-6.28%) and an increase of 3 sites (0.78%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 59.54% sites opened in 2017 and 13.14% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 65.45% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS AND DRIVERS OF DISPLACEMENT

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 599 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,472,209 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (531,001 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country (see figure 1).

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 53,580 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region*. These figures represent an i n crease of 179 in the total individuals (0.34%) and no increase in the number of sites since round 11 (May/June 2018). 15.88% sites opened in 2017 and 0.00% opened in 2018. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 36% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 5,783 displaced individuals comprising 1,500 households in 34 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent a decrease of -1,027 in the total individuals (-15.08%) a decrease of -113 households (-7.01%) and an increase of 2 sites (6.25%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 40.77% sites opened in 2017 and 6.30% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 90% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

12,735 displaced individuals comprising 2,545 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent a decrease of -742 in the total individuals (-5.51%) a decrease of -150 households (-5.57%) and a decrease of -2 sites (-13.33%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 65.32% sites opened in 2017 and 4.00% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 100% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

1,091,210 displaced individuals comprising 179,526 households in 385 displacement sites were identified in Somali region. These figures represent a increase of 217,544 in the total individuals (24.90%) an increase of 37,512 households (26.41%) and an increase of 23 sites (6.35%) since round 11 (May/June 2018). 43.14% sites opened in 2017 and 28.91% opened in 2018.
Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 66% of the displaced population.

07 Nov 2018 description

by Jeffrey Labovitz

Conflict, insecurity, political unrest and the search for economic opportunities continue to drive migration in the East and Horn of Africa. However, one of the biggest drivers of displacement is not related to war or the search for better jobs but rather to changing weather patterns. After five years of drought, more that 1.5 million people were uprooted from their homes as their soils slowly, year by year, dried and cracked.

29 Oct 2018 description

Summary

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 596 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,453,422 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (541,490 IDPs) and other reason (40,264 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country.

02 Oct 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

  • This reporting week, a total of 15 new entries and zero (0) exits were recorded in Dolow IDPs camps. This shows a decrease of those coming in as compared with the previous week. Similarly, the number of exits has been shrinking and has since late August 2018, remained zero.

  • Majority of the new arrivals coming in, (75%), cited to be seeking food as the main reasons for displacement while (25%) reported to be rejoining their families.

02 Oct 2018 description

Key Messages:

• This week there were 27 new arrivals and no exits recorded at Dolow IDP camps. The number of new arrivals slightly increased compared to the previous week. In general, for the month of August and September, movements in Dolow IDP sites have remained significantly low compared with July entries.

• Majority of the new arrivals cited lack of food as their reason for displacement (58%). Others cited uncomfortable conditions (14%), insecurity (14%), seeking employment opportunity (14%).

18 Sep 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

  • This week there were 14 new arrivals and only 4 exits recorded at Dollow IDP camps. The number of new arrivals slightly increased compared to the previous week. In general, for the month of August, movements in Dolow IDP sites have remained significantly low compared with July entries.

07 Aug 2018 description

IOM: USD 45 Million Needed for 2018-2020 Migrant Response in Horn of Africa, Yemen

Nairobi – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, and its partners launched, on 6 August, a Regional Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) for the Horn of Africa and Yemen through which they are appealing to the international community for USD 45 million. The plan details support to migrants on the move in the Horn of Africa and Yemen from 2018 to 2020.

03 Aug 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• A total of 192 entries and zero exit were recorded in Dolow IDPs camps. The number of entries has been increasing due ongoing fighting in Ethiopia and also SCOPE registration in Dolow IDPs camps.

• The majority of the new arrivals this week cited lack of food as their reason for displacement (54%), insecurity (25%) and uncomfortable condition (21%).

• More than two-third of the new arrivals came from across the border, Ethiopia (75%) and nearby districts of Belet xaawo (21%) and Luuq (4%).

27 Jul 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

  • A total of 96 entries and zero exit were recorded in Dolow IDP camps. This is the second week in a raw with no exit. The ongoing scope registration in both IDPs sites has contributed to the number of entries and exits this week among other reasons.

  • The majority of the new arrivals this week cited lack of food as their reason for displacement (72%), uncomfortable condition (14%) and rejoining families (14%) as their reason for entry.

20 Jul 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• A total of 141 entries and zero exit were recorded in Dolow IDPs camps. There was an increase in the number of entries this week attributed to scope registration in Dolow IDPs camps and insecurity experienced across the border in Ethiopia.

• The new arrivals this week cited the reasons for entry to the camps as insecurity (47%), lack of food (37%) and uncomfortable condition (16%).

19 Jul 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 6,810 displaced individuals comprising 1,613 households in 32 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region*. These figures represent a decrease of 78 in the total individuals (-1.13%) an increase of 138 households (+9.36%) and an increase of 7 sites (+28.00%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 56.25% sites opened in 2017 and 3.1% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 75% of the displaced population.