Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2019Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
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Most read reports
- FAO: FAO targets 3 million people for emergency assistance as looming drought threatens lives in Ethiopia. 25 Jun 2019
- Govt. Ethiopia: Ethiopia - Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) 2019. 11 Jul 2019
- UN News: 41 pays dans le monde, dont 31 en Afrique, ont besoin d’une aide alimentaire (FAO). 6 Jul 2019
- FAO: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 2, July 2019. 4 Jul 2019
- Health Cluster: Ethiopa: Health Cluster Bulletin #4, May 2019. 18 Jul 2019
- Islamic Relief UK launches its Ramadan appeal
- The UK Government will match £2m of the total raised to support the Charity’s work in Ethiopia
- Islamic Relief asks “Can you be 5:32?”
As Muslims around the world prepare to observe the holy month of Ramadan in May, Islamic Relief UK is launching its Ramadan Appeal this week to support those who face a daily fight for survival due to poverty, famine, disasters and conflict.
STORIES FROM AFAR HIGHLIGHTS CLIMATE ADAPTATION SUCCESS
Islamic Relief is pointing to an outstanding project in Afar, Ethiopia, as an example of what is needed to help communities experiencing the worst impacts of climate change.
Our SERERE project highlights the societal and systems transitions and transformations to support ambitious climate change adaptation, which the UN says is critical for sustainable development in vulnerable regions.
Almost three million people living in some of the most remote and dangerous areas of the world will be receiving meat as part of Islamic Relief’s Qurbani distributions, during the Eid Festival.
The international humanitarian and development organisation is distributing quality Qurbani meat in 35 countries across the Middle East, Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe, during Eid al-Adha, which this year is celebrated between 21-23 August.
A complete and utter disaster on an apocalyptic scale could is destined to occur in Afder, the Somali region in the south east of Ethiopia.
According to recent reports from the United Nations before the year is out some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water, 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance and 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished.
Prolonged drought and increasing food insecurity in Ethiopia has resulted in internal displacement, particularly in the Afar region which borders Somalia.
In Ethiopia, 8.5 million people are currently food insecure and require urgent assistance.
In the last three months alone this number has increased dramatically from 7.8 million as the situation worsens.
376,000 children aged five or under are severely malnourished.
An acute lack of food and water across the region has led to people fleeing their homes in search of survival.
In areas where families were heavily reliant on their animals to survive, the loss of livestock has reduced one-time breadwinners to being recipients of aid.
Arid land and undetected diseases continue to threaten the remaining animals and are leaving entire communities in the Afar region of Ethiopia without sufficient food and income to survive.
Drought and conflict in the region has left 22 million men, women and children in South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Five million people across the region do not have a regular supply of safe drinking water and more than 800,000 children under the age of five are severely malnourished.
More than 5.6 million people in Ethiopia are in desperate need of food and water. The current drought hit the country before the population could recover from the devastating El Niño-induced drought in 2015 and 2016, which affected more than 10 million people.
The Government has since implemented an effective response plan, but millions of vulnerable Ethiopians are still facing severe drought conditions. The Somali and Afder regions in Ethiopia have been the worse affected. The lack of water, loss of harvests and livestock has resulted in mass displacement.
Islamic Relief is stepping up its emergency relief operations in East Africa where more than 20 million people are on the brink of starvation. Severe drought conditions and lack of rainfall is raising fears of famine, equal to or worse than the 2011 Horn of Africa famine that killed 260,000 people in 2011.
“The international community has a moral obligation to rescue the lives of millions of people across East Africa, who are on the brink of starvation,” says Islamic Relief Worldwide’s (IRW) Head of East Africa, Yusuf Ahmed.
Millions of people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian support as the drought in Ethiopia intensifies.
Ethiopia is experiencing its worst drought in 50 years. The combination of the strong El Niño – a climate cycle that impacts on global weather patterns – and above average temperatures of the Indian Ocean mean that crops have failed, livestock have perished and people are facing devastating food shortages.