Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
- East Africa Key Message Update, September 2018
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 38: 15 - 21 September 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 21 September 2018)
• Approximately 141,410 people were displaced in Somali region after conflict erupted on 4 August. The conflict led to the exodus of government personnel, leaving essential services significantly understaffed. This in turn created pressing and urgent humanitarian needs for children and women in the region.
• Through UNICEF support, 134,446 people in Gedeo-West Guji received essential and life-saving health care services and 30,579 children under 5 years were treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).
Recurrent drought in the densely populated zones of East and West Hararghe has had a severe impact on the food security and overall livelihoods of communities, with failing crops and lack of water and pasture for livestock. This contributes to the two zones accounting for more than 10 percent of both chronic and acute food insecurity in Ethiopia.
- In August, UNHCR provided 14,800 emergency kits to internally displaced Ethiopians in South Ethiopia. UNHCR has procured a total of 50,000 emergency kits with funding from CERF (UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund).
- Ethiopian Government held consultations on the new National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS) which consolidates Ethiopia’s commitment to improve the lives of both refugees and host communities.
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
▪ The third round of EHF funding has been allocated, with four Agriculture Sector agencies allocated a combined total of USD1.5 million.
▪ The DRM ATF meeting was held at the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources, attended by nearly 40 members. The main topics were the response plan for Gedo-West Guji, Fall Armyworm, and updating the Agriculture Sector Action Plan and Terms of Reference.
▪ The HDRP mid-year review has been submitted for the sector, using the Belg assessment findings
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is urging more support for the nearly one million people displaced by recent violence in South Western Ethiopia, including those who have returned home.
5,467 mt of food assistance distributed
US$103.5 million, six months (August 2018-January 2019) net funding requirements, representing 46% of total
1.6 million people assisted in July 2018*
IGAD, FAO and WMO join forces to stave off impacts of climate change on agriculture
5 September 2018, Kigali –The
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year
Previous drought and recent conflict maintain Crisis outcomes in the south
Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.
Of the 216 priority one woredas, 187 are priority one for the Agriculture sector. Without timely response in these areas, further deterio-ration is likely. Protection of core-breeding and milking livestock is vital – including supplementary animal feed, fodder production and animal health services. Such activities protect key livelihood assets and ensure milk availability for children. Providing a range of crop seeds for drought-affected households will protect livelihoods, reduce pressure on humanitarian assistance, and shorten the recovery period.
Innovative research in Ethiopia gives people a voice
ICCO, together with Tear, conducted innovative research on the food & nutrition security situation of poor rural households in Ethiopia. The research aimed to generate input for evidence-based dialogue between self-help groups and local authorities. Self-help groups are informal community-based organizations, that operate at local level and offer mutual socio-economic support to their members.
Objective: Safeguard agropastoral livelihoods and enhance the food and nutrition security conditions of households by helping maintain assets in drought-affected districts of Borena zone.
Key partners: Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Oromia Region Pastoral Area Development Commission.
Beneficiaries reached: 2 500 livestock-keeping households (roughly 15 000 individuals).
World Humanitarian Day commemorated in Addis Ababa under the banner “Give Blood,
Save Lives” on 23 August and in with IDPs in Dilla Town on 19 August.
“As I stand before you today, I call on us all to increase our resolve to ensure emergency needs are met effectively and efficiently and to also tackle the root causes of emergencies; every human being deserves a life in safety, dignity and free from harm,” Ms. Gillian Mellsop,
UNICEF Country Representative and interim UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Ethiopia.
▪ Renewed inter communal violence in Gedeo-West Guji since 3 June has displaced 1,010,934 people.
▪ The government and humanitarian partners have launched a multisector response plan for Gedeo-West Guji with a funding requirement of US$ 117.7 million.
▪ With UNICEF’s support, 140,720 children under five have received treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) between January and May 2018.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in close coordination with the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation, has allocated a 500,000-euro financial contribution to tackle the humanitarian crisis in the regions of Gedeo and West Guji, in Ethiopia. The contribution will mainly be used to provide emergency shelters as well as relief material and support to mobile clinics.