Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
In 2015 due to the El Niño effect, the spring and summer rains failed in many parts of Ethiopia. As most Ethiopian farmers rely on rain-fed agriculture, the failure of the rains has led to widespread crop failure and has devastated livelihoods. To make matters worse, the weather phenomenon has also brought extensive flooding to some areas of the country. This problem is expected to worsen in the coming months.
Ethiopia - A high-level donor delegation visiting Horn of Africa of migration routes met with Ethiopian State Minister of Foreign Affairs Regassa Kefale and State Minister for the Ministry of Justice Mesfin Abebe.
The delegates from North America, Europe and Asia - who were supported by IOM - noted Ethiopia’s achievements in development over the past decade. They raised questions, however, on how the country would deal with the current drought and persisting irregular migration challenges.
Livelihood diversification and access to water boosted the capacity to survive drought impacts
18 February 2016, Addis Ababa – FAO’s water and income diversification projects have become instrumental to tackle the negative impacts of El Niño induced drought for pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in the Afar Region of north eastern Ethiopia.
In this issue:
Libya conflict leaves nearly 2 million in need of health care;
EWARS in a box: piloting an early warning system for disease detection and response in South Sudan;
WHO launches El Niño and Health Global Overview
WHO’s commitment to support people affected by the Syria crisis
by LKO, 2016/02/27
In our article series on El Niño we already dealt with the question what this climate phenomenon exactly is. We also had the opportunity to talk to the climate expert Mojib Latif about his forecast on possible consequences of this phenomenon.
Snapshot 24 February – 1 March 2016
Swaziland: At least 300,000 people – one-third of the population – are in dire need of assistance, specifically of food and water. Poor and erratic rainfall as a result of El Niño dates back to 2014, and Swaziland has been experiencing significant reductions in crop production.
In a statement released on Sunday (February), the German Embassy in Addis Ababa disclosed that Germany is offering further support for three new humanitarian projects in Ethiopia amounting to US$3.44 million.
Given procurement and transportation lead time required, the food sector funding gap should have ideally been covered by the end of February. Without international support, the Government will cover the life-saving gap, but at the cost of planned development programs.
The Government and partners are expediting the distribution of seeds to farmers to capitalize on the good belg season forecast and before the planting window closes, but significant gaps remain.
OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a US$120.7 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan to provide vital food and nutrition assistance to the most vulnerable people affected by conflicts and natural disasters in 32 countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Eastern Europe.
Millions of people in Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and Malawi face hunger and food shortages.
This regional food crisis is caused by El Niño weather conditions, which are closely linked to droughts and prolonged dry spells.
The current El Niño is on course to be the strongest and longest for 35 years. Its devastating effects have already hindered crop production and caused food shortages across the southern and east Africa region.
(LWI) – More than ten million people in Ethiopia need food assistance as the country faces the worst drought in 30 years.
The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) is supporting affected communities in several states in the country.
“This is the worst I have seen,” said Woday Gelaye, 75, who has been farming in this area for over 60 years.
• El Nino related rains has improved food and nutrition security in many parts of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, southern Ethiopia and south and central Somalia during the last season (Oct-Dec 2015).
Ethiopia is facing a massive drought and food insecurity crisis. The impact of failed rains and droughts have been worsened by the 2015 El Niño, which itself has been supercharged by climate change. Urgent humanitarian action is needed to support millions of people who have lost food, water and livelihoods. And long-term investment is needed so that communities can become more resilient and reduce their vulnerability to weather events in the future.
by Ahmed Mohammed
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) distributed water tankers and supplementary food aid worth of 621,395 birr to drought victims in different districts of North Shoa Zone of Amhara Region.
Emebet Dejene, a mother of five children from Efratana Gidim district said that the drought has caused acute food shortage to her family which particularly affected her children to become undernourished. “Therefore, the food aid from ERCS would be of vital importance in rehabilitating the risky health condition of her children,” she added.
Addis Ababa February 24, 2016 School feeding program is underway in drought affected areas with over 230 million birr so that citizens can attend schools without interruption, Government Communication Affairs Office (GCAO) disclosed.
In order to prevent the problem to be happened in the health sectors, early prevention activities are also being carried out in the areas by establishing mobile health posts.
GCAO Public and Media Relations Director Mohammed Seid said the government has been undertaking various activities to prevent a single dropout.
Addis Ababa February 24/2016 Areas severely affected by the current drought will benefit from new potable water projects, according to water and irrigation bureaus of Amhara, Oromia and Somali states.
The bureaus are teaming up to install potable water facilities in the affected areas.
Head of water, irrigation and energy bureau of Oromia, Engineer Werd Hashim said half of the 18 zones of the state are exposed to drought.
(MissionNewswire) Since June 2011, Ethiopia has been plagued by a persistent drought that has damaged agricultural production and contributed to an increase in malnutrition, especially among the most vulnerable members of the population. The United Nations has estimated that 14 million people are at risk and more than 10 million are in need of emergency food aid. In an effort to bring relief to Ethiopians, Salesian missionaries across the country have been working to construct wells and improve sanitation.
Addis Ababa February 23/2016 Ongoing efforts of the Ethiopian government to curb impacts of drought should be assisted by donors and the international community, according to Save the Children.
Efforts of the government to tackle drought will need more support from donors and the international community, announced Save the Children Country Director John Graham.
His statement follows a field visit to Sitti zone of the regional state of Somali to observe drought response activities in the affected areas.