Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
Most read (last 30 days)
- UNICEF Horn of Africa Drought Situation - Updated: 31 October 2017
- Uprooted by Climate Change: Responding to the growing risk of displacement
- Ethiopia: Humanitarian Response Situation Report No.15 (October 2017)
- Horn of Africa: Humanitarian Impacts of Drought – Issue 11 (3 November 2017)
- Deteriorating humanitarian situation - Ethiopia (DG ECHO, FEWSNET, UN, NDRMC, IOM ETT) (ECHO Daily Flash of 24 October 2017)
June 17, 2016 IASC Early Warning, Early Action and Readiness Report for the period June to November 2016. The Report is biannual, with a 6 month horizon. It is the product of a group of Agency analysts. In most cases these individuals work for their respective Emergency Directors. Analysis of preparedness status is provided by OCHA. The Report complements more frequent interaction between RC/HC and the ERC as the IASC system officials accountable for ensuring interagency early action and readiness. This should take place using the IASC Emergency Response Preparedness approach.
2016 EMERGENCY RELIEF PROGRAMME
Of the total 10.2 million people in need of food assistance as identified by the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), together with WFP, is assisting 7.6 million people. The remaining beneficiary caseload is covered by the Joint Emergency Operations Program(JEOP) NGO consortium.
Abnormal dryness in southern Haiti and parts of East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Despite enhanced rain over some areas of the Gulf of Guinea over the past few weeks, low and erratic rainfall during April and May has persisted and led to growing moisture deficits over Liberia and parts of Sierra Leone.
On Monday 13 June, Irish Aid airlifted 23 tonnes of emergency relief items to families displaced by recent flooding in Ethiopia.
The El Niño weather event, one of the strongest ever measured, has caused unpredictable and severe weather conditions in Ethiopia. The country has experienced its worst drought in decades. Food production has declined dramatically, and the food and nutrition security situation in many parts of Ethiopia has deteriorated significantly. Over 10 million people are in need of assistance.
By James Jeffrey
Sitting on parched ground pummelled by the sun, a camel looks on majestically as pastoralists mill around it in a whirl of activity. Loaded onto its back are sacks of grains and pulses, yellow jerry cans, bottles of cooking oil, bits of fabric and plastic to make rough bivouac structures, and more.
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US$1.52 billion required
· UNICEF has improved its quality assurance mechanism of the Community Management of Acute Malnutrition Programme by recruiting 10 more field monitors, deployed in SNNPR, Amhara and Oromia regions. The field monitors will monitor the progress and performance of the humanitarian response with respect to quality of service provided by the CMAM and the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programmes and in response to the drought situation.
Government and humanitarian partners joint 2016 belg assessment underway
Third and fourth rounds of emergency relief programme ongoing
AWD cases confirmed in Addis Ababa
Increased rainfall to alleviate dryness in areas of West Africa and Central America
Africa Weather Hazards
Despite increased rainfall over some areas of the Gulf of Guinea over the past fews weeks, low and erratic rainfall in April and May has led to growing moisture deficits over Liberia and parts of Sierra Leone.
The Catholic aid charity CAFOD today launched an emergency appeal to help millions of people facing hunger in Ethiopia.
CAFOD is appealing for £3 million, as more than 10.2 million people across the country are in dire need of food, clean water and basic sanitation.
"We sow, and if the rains don’t come, the insurance allows us to still feed our children" – Aissata, a farmer in Medina Diakha, Senegal.
The current El Niño phenomena, which began in early 2015, is one of the strongest on record and is affecting the food security of a vast number of food-insecure people around the world.
GoE, relief actors launch assessment of belg seasonal outcomes on June 5
Flood-affected households receive emergency relief items
Ambassador Haslach and DART visit USG programs in Afar
THE IMPACT OF ETHIOPIA’S DROUGHT ON CHILDREN’S EDUCATION
A snapshot of the current situation
Nearly 6 million school children’s education could be affected by Ethiopia’s worst drought in 50 years.
The root cause of school dropout is food and water scarcity. If food and water is restored to schools, children will return.
“The drought in Ethiopia is not a one-off event,” says Abdifateh Ahmed Ismael. He is the President’s advisor with humanitarian affaires in the Somali region. “The world must understand that the drought affecting Ethiopia is a climate crisis that will haunt people for generations,” he warns.
Scaled-up response required to curb the ongoing acute watery diarrhea (AWD) outbreak in Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions.
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) alerting regions and the community on possible disasters following heavy k iremt rains
Rain breaks over the last two weeks eased food dispatches.
10.2 million people are in need of food assistance in 2016 across Ethiopia, a number likely to grow in the months ahead.
WFP currently needs USD 570 million to support 7.6 drought affected people in 2016, and USD 30 million to provide food assistance to refugees hosted in Ethiopia.
10.2 million people in need of food assistance in 2016.
7.6 million people targeted in the joint 2016 Government-WFP response
USD370 million urgently required by WFP to address food assistance needs in Ethiopia for the rest of 2016.
Food consumption among relief beneficiaries is showing some encouraging trends, but the situation remains critical for the drought-affected population.
Improved spring belg rains reduced demands on water trucking, but triggered massive flooding and an urgent need for water treatment chemicals. The kiremt summer rains are expected to be timely and most areas of the country that benefit from the seasonal rains are likely to have significant rainfall activitiy. With a global La Niña event also foreseen, further flash-flooding and flooding may occur.