Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
Girls’ education and climate change are currently two of the most topical global issues in the development arena. Due to a myriad of limiting factors, more girls around the world are falling through the cracks in terms of their educational access, retention, and learning. At the same time, many countries and regions are facing more frequent and more intense climate-related extreme weather events such as heat waves, floods and droughts.
The IA Protection Standby Capacity Project (ProCap) - an inter-agency initiative created in 2005 in collaboration with the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) - seeks to build capacity of relevant actors to enhance the humanitarian protection response. ProCap Advisers support the strategic and operational humanitarian protection response for IDPs and other vulnerable populations. ProCap deploys senior personnel with proven protection expertise to field, regional and global operations and trains mid-level protection staff from Standby Partners and UN Agencies.
The 2017 Humanitarian Requirement Documents (HRD) Mid-Year Review, released 8 August 2017, has identified significant increased needs of girls, boys, women and men for life-saving interventions in food, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health in 2017. The total financial requirements for 2017 have been revised to US$1.259bn (from US$949m).
Tigray has managed to improve soil and water conservation, and closed off 1.2 mln hectares of land to allow plants to regrow
By Alex Whiting
ROME, Aug 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A major project to restore land in Ethiopia's Tigray Region to boost millions of people's ability to grow food won gold on Tuesday in a U.N.-backed award for the world's best policies to combat desertification and improve fertility of drylands.
Round 5 relief food distribution kicks off, targeting 3.3 million Relief and PSNP food beneficiaries in Somali region.
OCHA Ethiopia and OCHA AULO Commemorate World Humanitarian Day
The AWD outbreak continues to spread in Amhara region.
UN Migration Tracks Migrant Populations, Needs in Yemen
Sana’a – Today (22/08), IOM, the UN Migration Agency in the Republic of Yemen announces the publication of a Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report on Enhancing the Understanding of Migration and Population Mobility in Yemen. The report identifies a total of 50,529 migrants having entered Yemen between January and July 2017. This figure is now expected to be higher.
A complete and utter disaster on an apocalyptic scale could is destined to occur in Afder, the Somali region in the south east of Ethiopia.
According to recent reports from the United Nations before the year is out some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water, 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance and 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished.
Prolonged drought and increasing food insecurity in Ethiopia has resulted in internal displacement, particularly in the Afar region which borders Somalia.
In Ethiopia, 8.5 million people are currently food insecure and require urgent assistance.
In the last three months alone this number has increased dramatically from 7.8 million as the situation worsens.
376,000 children aged five or under are severely malnourished.
An acute lack of food and water across the region has led to people fleeing their homes in search of survival.
A Global Commitment to Education in Emergencies
Heavy rainfall in the western Gulf of Guinea triggers flooding and damages to infrastructure
Africa Weather Hazards
Above-normal rainfall since July has elevated the risk for flooding in southeastern Sudan and parts of western Ethiopia. Heavy rainfall is forecast for mid to late August.
Despite increased moisture in early August, poorly distributed rainfall across parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Djibouti, and western Somalia since early July have led to high seasonal moisture deficits.
A product of the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 July 2017 (the information in this issue was compiled ahead of the announcement of the HRD mid-year review).
Ethiopia Marks Milestone in New Refugee Arrivals. Since September 2016 to date, IOM has now provided transport and pre-departure medical screening (PDMS) to over 100,000 refugees comprising of 84,318 South Sudanese refugees arriving in Pagak entry point, Gambella Region; 11,427 Eritrean refugees at Shire, Tigray Region; and 6,297 Somali Refugees entering through the Dolo Somali bridge bordering Ethiopia and Somalia.
In areas where families were heavily reliant on their animals to survive, the loss of livestock has reduced one-time breadwinners to being recipients of aid.
Arid land and undetected diseases continue to threaten the remaining animals and are leaving entire communities in the Afar region of Ethiopia without sufficient food and income to survive.
Civil war, political instability, the presence of terrorist militias, drought, famine: the current situation for most countries in the Horn of Africa is a cause for concern. Because of the difficulties and despite the immense challenges, international commitment to the region has remained strong. Switzerland also has a presence on the ground: through its governmental institutions and NGOs, it is trying not only to deal with the most pressing issues but also to establish stability and lasting peace, either directly or by supporting local organizations.