Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
Major food security Emergencies continue across the region due to conflict, drought
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has accepted the advice of the Disaster Relief Fund Advisory Committee and approved from the Disaster Relief Fund a grant of $1.523 million to Plan International Hong Kong for providing relief to drought victims in Ethiopia.
The Government of Ethiopia has issued the revised Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) on 8 August 2017. USD 1.25 billion are currently needed to cover humanitarian needs in the country, of which USD 487.7 million outstanding requirements.
The number of people in need of emergency food assistance increased up to 8.5 million (compared to the initial number of 5.6 million foreseen in January 2017). Additional 4 million people targeted by the Government's food pipelines will also require sustained assistance for a total of USD 300 million.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
The severe nutrition crisis in Somali region continues to be of significant concern, with over 7,000 SAM cases reported monthly.
This represents over 25% of SAM admissions for the country.
UNICEF is working with the Somali regional government, UN and NGO partners to implement an integrated and scaled-up nutrition response with expanded screening, referral and treatment, reaching children and communities across the region.
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt.
Alfano: “Political, social and environmental problems in the Horn of Africa cause large migration flows. In Ethiopia, living conditions are made extremely difficult by the El Niño climate phenomenon, obliging the Country to tackle one of the most serious climate shocks in its history. According to the WHO, it is the most serious humanitarian crisis of the last 30 years.”
- A new story: We worked on a new story for Dorcas in 2016, with various departments and stakeholders giving their input.
In Ethiopia’s Somali Region, a food security Emergency is ongoing following a severe drought over the past year. This drought has resulted in very large livestock losses which have sharply reduced households’ access to food and have driven large-scale displacement. Serious human disease outbreaks are also ongoing. FEWS NET rapid assessments and other field reporting indicate high levels of acute malnutrition, excess mortality among children, and a heavy reliance on emergency food aid, especially in Dollo, Korahe, Afder, and Jarar Zones, where the drought has been most severe.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the second quarter of 2017 (April to June). The maps on pages 6–7 provide impact analysis dis-aggregated to sub-national level.
Severe humanitarian crises are affecting a number of countries across East Africa – in large parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Kenya millions of people are living in dire circumstances. These crises are driven by drought and conflict, often resulting in large-scale displacement of people from their homes. Ireland is responding to the crises through our humanitarian assistance programme, managed by Irish Aid.
22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region
13.6 Million people are facing Crisis and Emergency Food Insecurity
15 million people won’t have access to safe drinking water in 2017
84,575 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths
1.8 million people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
FEWS NET issues alert for food security emergency in Ethiopia’s Somali Region
Risk of Famine—IPC 5—levels of acute food insecurity persists in Somalia
USG announces an additional $169 million to support humanitarian interventions in Ethiopia and Kenya