Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 August to 30 September 2017.
22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region
15 million People facing crisis and emergencey food insecurity - 84,575 Cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) / Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths
1.8 Million People in Kenya,
Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$1,612,000 Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
Despite average rainfall over East Africa, risk of flooding remains high in Sudan and Ethiopia
Africa Weather Hazards
and below-normal rainfall in August and early September has produced moderate to large moisture deficits in parts of southern Burkina Faso and northern Ghana.
Below-average rain over the past three months has resulted in poor ground conditions in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
Hundreds of thousands of young Ethiopian lives are under constant threat from drought and food shortages. The good news, however, is that efforts to detect child malnutrition and provide treatment are bearing fruit. With the support of EU humanitarian aid and other donors, UNICEF is helping Ethiopia’s health system improve malnutrition screening and care. From January to October 2016, during the height of the El Niño drought, 272 165 children were treated for severe acute malnutrition.
- 11.4 million children are at risk of of malnutrition, water shortages, lack of health services, child protection violations and disruption to their education
- 758,000 children under-five are at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition
- 7.6 million children are in need of water
- At least 3.4 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher (p), Similar (u), or Lower (q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
This paper explores different mechanisms for delivering climate finance at the local level. It focuses on the experiences of a national climate fund – the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) facility in Ethiopia – and a sub-national source – the County Climate Change Funds (CCCFs) in Kenya. The paper aims to understand how well these funds take into account the priorities of local communities alongside recognising and incorporating national climate change policies and development plans.
Liben zone is an arid region in the southeast of Ethiopia regularly hit by severe droughts. In 2012 and 2013 in the Dhekasuftu district alone more than 2,000 households were displaced because of drought. Recognizing the severity of the recurrent droughts, its effect on pastoral livelihood and the need to work in a consortium and multi-sector intervention, I led the planning and implementation of a project called: ‘Building resilience through integrated multi-sector interventions in drought-prone areas of Liben zone of Somali Region, Ethiopia’.
Led by the Federal Government, humanitarian partners are working together to provide assistance to people displaced as a result of floods and inter communal clashes. Priority needs are emergency shelter, food, and safe water, sanitation and hygiene.
The combination of drought, El Niño and conflict has left East Africa struggling to survive. The region is facing a monumental hunger crisis with 24 million people affected in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. More than 15 million children in the region are facing health risks due to ongoing drought and insecurity. Of them approximately 800,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of starvation. This largely pastoral region has been hit particularly hard by drought which resulted in an immense loss of livestock.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
Acute malnutrition crisis and disease outbreaks in Somali region
6 October 2017
Three rainy seasons in a row without substantial rains have led to a humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia. Crops have failed, cattle have died and millions of people across the country are facing food and water shortages.
People in the Somali region are particularly affected by acute malnutrition crisis and disease outbreaks.
Addis Ababa – IOM, the UN Migration Agency yesterday (05/10) joined the Ethiopian Somali Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (DPPB) in partnership with the Durable Solutions Working Group, to endorse the Durable Solutions Strategy for the Somali Region.
Below-average rain recorded in West Africa, while above-average rain persists over Eastern Africa
Inconsistent and below-normal rainfall since mid-August has increased moisture deficits and led to abnormal dryness for parts of southern Burkina Faso and northern Ghana.
Recent heavy rains have caused the Niger and Benue Rivers in Nigeria to flood. Reports indicate that 100,000 people were displaced by flooding and many crops have been destroyed. Continued rain will keep rivers high.
Fighting Famine in Central and East Africa
In recent years, severe drought and the resulting die-off of livestock have forced thousands of formerly nomadic people to settle near Galorgube, a small town in the Doolo Zone of Ethiopia’s Somali region. The situation has led to a humanitarian emergency in the area, with an acute malnutrition crisis and outbreaks of disease taking a heavy toll on the displaced population. The number of young children with severe acute malnutrition in Doolo Zone is now at the highest point in the ten years Doctors Without Border/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has worked in the area.
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following infographics.
These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken.
CDKN’s Tesfaye Hailu reports from Addis Ababa.
The Green Climate Fund’s (GCF) 18th Board meeting in Cairo has approved Africa’s largest GCF direct access proposal. The Ethiopian Government’s $50m climate resilience proposal focuses on sustained provision of water for potable and productive use, including the use of solar energy to power the water pumps, and improved land use management to increase ground water recharge and soil nutrient content. It is intended to change the livelihoods of more than 1 million people in highly vulnerable communities.