Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2019Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- FAO Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture (January - March 2019)
- Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia - First National Estimates
- Humanitarian Funding Update December 2018 - United Nations Coordinated Appeals [EN/AR]
- Ethiopia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Tigray Region, Round 14: November – December 2018 - Summary of Key Findings
- Ethiopia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Somali Region, Round 14: November/December 2018 - Summary of Key Findings
- In West Africa, October marked the beginning of the 2018/19 marketing season and market supplies are increasing from new harvests. Expected above-average crop production estimates are favoring release of stocks, further improving supplies. Prices have generally decreased from the previous month and 2017 levels but remain above average. Insecurity and conflict disrupt market activities in the Greater Lake Chad basin, Tibesti region, northern and central Mali, and the Liptako-Gourma region.
Clashes in Addis Ababa, Jijiga town, and Kamashi Zone displace thousands of civilians
USAID staff assess humanitarian conditions and coordination structures in Gedeo, identifying challenges
USG provides more than $481.5 million for humanitarian interventions in Ethiopia in FY 2018
- In West Africa, the 2017/18 marketing season is ending with favorable harvest prospects for 2018/19, as the rainy season concluded in most countries. Early harvests along with release of carryover stocks from the previous year are progressively revitalizing market supplies across the region. Month-to-month price variation is stable or declining at below last year’s levels. Prices remain above average. Insecurity-related market disruptions persist in the Greater Lake Chad basin, northern and central Mali, and the Liptako-Gourma.
- In West Africa, the 2017/18 marketing year is in its last phase, the lean season, characterized by low supply and stock levels, while demand is at its highest level. Prices remained elevated at above-average levels. Nevertheless, early green harvests, release of stocks with good harvest prospects, and humanitarian efforts have stabilized, or slightly decreased prices compared to the previous month. Markets remain disrupted in the Greater Lake Chad basin, northern and central Mali, and the Liptako-Gourma region due to insecurity.
- In West Africa, MY 2017/18 is in its last phase, the lean season, characterized by low levels of supplies and stocks, and high demand. Nonetheless, relief and price intervention efforts have assisted in maintaining stable prices. However staple prices will remain above average until new harvests. Markets remain disrupted in the Greater Lake Chad basin and northern and central Mali due to insecurity. Livestock prices have increased but remain below average in general.
For Immediate Release
Monday, August 20, 2018 Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Center for Strategic and International Studies
August 20, 2018
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Good morning, everyone. Thank you, Dan, for that kind introduction and thanks to all of you for being here to help mark this very important occasion.
- In West Africa, the 2017/18 marketing year is nearing its end, the lean season is characterized by low supplies and stocks while demand is at high levels. Prices remained stable compared to the previous one to two months, especially in the Sahel. However, they are above average and will remain so throughout the lean season. Markets remain disrupted in the Greater Lake Chad basin and northern and central Mali due to insecurity. Important livestock losses were reported in Senegal’s pastoral zones in June.
Prolonged and severe drought in 2016-2017, followed by heavy seasonal rainfall and flooding in early 2018, has left many families facing severe food insecurity. An estimated 7.9 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
GoE, UN launch joint appeal in response to population displacement along Oromiya–SNNP regional border
USG provides additional $170 million for Ethiopia emergency response
IOM identifies 822,000 IDPs in SNNP, additional 1.8 million IDPs in other areas of the country
For Immediate Release
Tuesday, July 24, 2018
Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: email@example.com
To improve coordinated emergency response to the El Niño-induced crisis and protect the livelihood of farmers, pastoralists and agropastoralists affected by El Niño and La Niña.
Conflict generates significant population displacement along the Oromiya–SNNP regional border
Heavy rainfall generates flooding, acute needs in Somali Region
2018 HDRP identifies 8.5 million people in need of assistance
UN projects nearly 7.9 million people could require humanitarian assistance during 2018
USG announces $110 million in additional humanitarian funding for the Ethiopia response
Due to the lingering effects of the 2015-2016 El Niño-induced drought and multiple consecutive droughts, an estimated 7.9 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). An additional 8 million chronically food-insecure people are supported by the Government of Ethiopia (GoE)-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).
Office of the Spokesperson
March 6, 2018
Today, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson announced nearly $533 million in humanitarian assistance for the people of Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Nigeria, as well as countries in the Lake Chad region, where millions are facing life-threatening food insecurity and malnutrition as a result of ongoing conflict or prolonged drought. While humanitarian aid is truly life-saving, this assistance will not solve these crises, most of which are largely manmade.
A variety of natural hazards—including cyclical drought, floods, and environmental degradation—are endemic to the East and Central Africa (ECA) region, where conflict, rapid population growth, and limited government response capacity have compounded humanitarian needs over the last decade. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Due to the lingering effects of the 2015-2016 El Niño-induced drought and multiple consecutive droughts, an estimated 8.5 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). An additional 4 million chronically food-insecure people, who are supported by the Government of Ethiopia-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP), also require humanitarian assistance.
• Relief actors require more than $400 million to maintain response activities through July, the GoE and UN report
• Conflict displaces an estimated 857,000 people in Oromiya and Somali
• FEWS NET warns of deteriorating food security in Somali