Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
Scientists are warning that the Horn of Africa may have to endure another dry season and more food insecurity because of weather patterns in the Pacific Ocean.
In mid-August, water temperatures in the east central Pacific began to dip below average, increasing the chances that the weather phenomenon known as La Nina could develop in the Northern Hemisphere.
A tale of two countries: Different pathways towards refugee self-reliance
Philippe Roudier, Chargé de recherche agriculture, climat et sécurité alimentaire, AFD (Agence française de développement)
Disclosure statement: Philippe Roudier does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.
• Risk of Famine-level food insecurity likely to persist through December among vulnerable populations in Somalia
• UN requests $106 million in additional humanitarian funding to benefit 1.9 million people in Kenya • USG provides an additional $69.2 million to support the humanitarian response for Somalia
El informe de la FAO indica un repunte de las cosechas en la mayoría de los países de bajos ingresos con déficit de alimentos
Le rapport de la FAO souligne la hausse des récoltes dans les pays aux plus faibles revenus et plus importants déficits vivriers
By Mohamed Digale
In drought-ridden Ethiopia, new water stations are giving families clean water to drink and cook with.
As the sun rises over Ethiopia’s dry Bike district, the village of Dhankarore is already busy. By the time the water station opens at half past six, a long line of women and children have queued up, juggling a multitude of water jars and cans to purchase their share of clean water. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has built two water points in the village, which sell clean water at 0.50 Ethiopian Birr – around two cents in USD – for 20 litres.
Conflicts drag down food security amid growing global food output
FAO report notes rebounding harvests in most low-income food-deficit countries
21 September 2017, Rome-- Robust harvests in Latin America and rebounding agricultural conditions in Southern Africa are on course to improve the global food supply situation, but ongoing civil conflicts and climate-related shocks are affecting progress towards hunger reduction, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
Facts & Figures:
65.6 million people forcibly displaced;
20 million at risk of famine in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan,
Somalia and Yemen;
1.5 billion people living in fragile and conflict-affected countries.
International Conference on Social Protection on 28-29 September 2017, with the participation of 25 countries;
Development of a training package and provision of guidance on social protection in fragile contexts;
The humanitarian crisis has worsened in drought-stricken Ethiopia, with almost three million additional people in need of humanitarian aid this year.
8.5 million people are in dire need in Ethiopia due to worsening drought and a deteriorating food security situation, up from 5.6 million in January, according to the United Nations. Despite this, the international aid appeal for the country is only one quarter funded, nine months into the year.
WASHINGTON, September 14, 2017 — The World Bank today approved a $600 million International Development Association (IDA)* grant to support the Government of Ethiopia’s vision of building a national safety net system to provide effective support in chronically food insecure rural areas, including providing cover during droughts.
Humanitarian actors are readjusting their assessments as malnutrition and disease spread in Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian government and its humanitarian partners recently adjusted the number of citizens who need food aid from a projected 5.6 million at the start of the year, to an actual 8.5 million people. Severe weather patterns have had a spiralling effect on Ethiopians throughout the nation, forcing them to relocate to survive.
The daily fight against the effects of drought
- This report summarizes the supply and market outlook for maize grain in the east African countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Rwanda, and Burundi. The outlook period follows the 2017/18 marketing year (MY), spanning from July 2017 to June 2018 and covering two main harvests—the 2017 June-to-August harvest and the 2017/2018 October-to-February harvest. While the June-to-August harvest data estimates are more reliable, the October-to-February harvests are projected and may be updated as data becomes available.
World hunger is estimated to be on the rise again as conflict and human-induced disasters as well as natural disasters are contributing to setbacks in food security. This year’s The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) warns that the long-term declining trend in undernourishment seems to have come to a halt and may have reversed. Meanwhile, though progress continues to be made in reducing child malnutrition, millions of children are still stunted and wasted, and rising overweight and obesity are a concern in most parts of the world.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Food insecure caseload increased from 5.6 million in December 2016 to 7.8 million in May mainly due to prolonged drought in southeastern pastoral areas
Area of major concern is southern Somali Region, where about 1.8 million people estimated to be facing IPC Phase 4: “Emergency” levels of food insecurity
Widespread livestock emaciation and high mortality rates in drought-affected southern Somali Region severely constraining food availability and access for pastoralist households
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher (p), Similar (u), or Lower (q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.