Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2019Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2018)
A recent FEWS NET survey in Dollo Zone of Somali Region suggests food security and nutrition outcomes have improved significantly in areas worst affected by drought in 2016 and 2017. These improvements are largely due to improvements in seasonal performance, continued humanitarian assistance delivery, and declines in disease outbreaks. Currently, worst affected areas such as Dollo Zone and much of southeastern Somali Region are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with humanitarian assistance preventing a further deterioration among some populations, particularly IDPs. While the risk of a deterioration beyond Emergency (IPC Phase 4) has declined, continued humanitarian assistance is needed through at least September... The 2018 Belg (March to May) rains performed very poorly over most northern Belg-producing areas, leading harvests to be as much as 40 percent below average and delayed by one to two months. (FEWSNET, 12 Jul 2018)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected to persist through at least January 2019 across large areas of Somali Region, as drought recovery continues amidst recent conflicts. In addition, ethnic conflicts in Oromia along the Somali border and between West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNPR have caused significant displacement, restricting typical access to food and income sources. As a result, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, only in the presence of humanitarian assistance, are projected to continue. (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia - First National Estimates
- Ethiopia | Internal displacement (December 2018) – DG ECHO Daily Map | 22/01/2019
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 72 | 7 - 20 January 2019
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 3: 12 - 18 January 2019; Data as reported by 17:00; 18 January 2019
- Aperçu du Financement Humanitaire en 2018 - Appels coordonnés par les Nations Unies
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
• Scaled-up response urgently required to more than 250,000 IDPs in Western Ethiopia
• Durable Solutions as nexus opportunity in Somali region: Lessons from SDC
• New law grants nearly a million refugees to exercise more rights in Ethiopia
• Nearly 36 million children in Ethiopia are poor and lack access to basic social services: report
• Humanitarian funding update
Humanitarian Coordianator calls for a scale-up response to displacement crisis in Western Ethiopia
Addis Ababa January 18/2019 Three UN entities continue implementing a capacity development project to support Ethiopia’s coherence policy formulation for sustainable development goals in four areas.
The United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs (UNDESA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) yesterday hosted a day-long workshop in Addis Ababa.
Increased seasonal rainfall is forecast to relieve dryness throughout southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
An erratic rainfall distribution since the Short-Rains season has caused dryness in Somalia,
Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Continued below average rainfall since October has resulted in widespread dryness throughout southern Africa.
Poor rainfall has led to anomalous dryness across Madagascar. Heavy rainfall forecast later this month is expected to provide relief.
Nearly 36 million children in Ethiopia are poor and lack access to basic social services, a new report reveals
An estimated 36 million of a total population of 41 million children under the age of 18 in Ethiopia are multi-dimensionally poor, meaning they are deprived of basic goods and services in at least three dimensions, says a new report released today by the Central Statistical Agency and UNICEF.
The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:
Somali REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 1,006,276 displaced individuals comprising 167,652 households in 389 displacement sites were identified in Somali region. These figures represent a decrease of (9,890) in the total individuals (-0.97%) a decrease of (594) households (-0.35%) and an increase of 1 sites (+0.26%) since round 13 (September/October 2018). 45.6% sites opened in 2017 and 21.14% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 65% of the displaced population.
Gambella REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 24,689 displaced individuals comprising 3,624 households in 14 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent a crease of 3,616 in the total individuals (+17.16%) a crease of 398 households (+12.34%) and an increase of 0 sites (0.00%) since round 13 (September/October 2018). 62.4% sites opened in 2017 and 8.7% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 85% of the displaced population.
Amhara REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 13,519 displaced individuals comprising 4,109 households in 59 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent a increase of 1,698 in the total individuals (+14.36%) an increase of 377 households (+10.10%) and an increase of 12 sites (+25.53%) since round 13 (September/ October 2018). 23.8% sites opened in 2017 and 39.1% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 98% of the displaced population.
Tigray REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 72,113 displaced individuals comprising 33,448 households in 149 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 22,561 in the total individuals (+45.53%) an increase of 12,606 households (+60.48%) and an increase of 46 sites (+44.66%) since round 13 (September/October 2018). 2.3% sites opened in 2017 and 12.75% opened in 2018.
Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 98% of the displaced population.
Afar REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 50,619 displaced individuals comprising 8,780 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in Afar region. These figures represent an increase of 2,282 in the total individuals (+4.72%) a decrease of (36) households (-0.41%) and since round 13 (September/October 2018) no increment on sites. 14.7% sites opened in 2017 and 1.2% opened in 2018. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 35% of the displaced population.
Oromia REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:
1,145,848 displaced individuals comprising 180,772 households in 515 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region. These figures represent an increase of 238,323 in the total individuals (+26.26%) an increase of 36,871 households (+25.62%) and an increase of 49 sites (+10.52%) since round 13 (September/October 2018). 41.0% sites opened in 2017 and 35.8% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 86% of the displaced population.
A new Global Compact on Refugees has been agreed upon by UN members states. The compact will further guide the roll-out of Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in Ethiopia, and across the world.
Two multi-dollar investments were made by the global fund ‘Education Cannot Wait’ and the African Development Bank in December which have potential to further the Global Compact and CRRF agenda in Ethiopia.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme (WHE) is currently monitoring 60 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2018 main “meher” season
Reduced 2018 “belg” secondary season harvest in parts of Tigray and Amhara regions due to erratic rains
Below-average “deyr” rains curbing drought recovery in southeastern pastoral areas
Prices of maize declining in recent months and at low levels due to adequate domestic availabilities
Food insecure caseload estimated at a high 7.95 million
Rainfall brings relief to dry conditions across South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Angola
Africa Weather Hazards
An erratic rainfall distribution since the Short-Rains season has caused large seasonal dryness in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Continued below average rainfall since October has resulted in significant moisture deficits throughout southern Africa.
Several consecutive weeks of poor rainfall has led to anomalous dryness across Madagascar.
THE AKLDP PROJECT 2014-2018
• The USAID/Ethiopia Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy (AKLDP) project was implemented by the Feinstein International Centre (FIC), part of the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University. Using their extensive experience in Ethiopia, the FIC ensured that research knowledge in agriculture and related sectors was presented in a format that could be used by farmers, policymakers and development workers.
• Amhara region requests US$8 million to address the needs of mounting number of IDPs.
Amhara region requests US$8 million to address the needs of mounting number of IDPs
• At the conclusion of the Deyr/short rains season, there remain large areas of drier-than-normal conditions across Somalia, in parts of eastern and southern Ethiopia, in eastern Kenya, and along the Kenya-Uganda border. However, December rainfall alleviated cumulative deficits in parts of the eastern Horn, bringing short-term but significant relief to pasture and water resources.
Drought develops in eastern Africa as dryness strengthens across southern Africa
A poor start to the Short-Rains season has resulted in large seasonal dryness in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Insufficient rainfall since October has led to large moisture deficits in South Africa, Lesotho, and Botswana.
Several weeks of poor rainfall has caused dryness across Madagascar.
Many weeks of below-average rainfall has strengthened dryness in Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.