Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
The meher assessment findings revealed that two previous years of consecutive drought, compounded with weak rains at the end of 2017 left hundreds of thousands destitute in southern and south-eastern Ethiopia. Poor pasture regeneration and limited water source replenishment for livestock have resulted in acute humanitarian needs and will reduce traditional recovery processes among pastoralist households. Consequently, the food security situation in the lowland agro-pastoral areas is not expected to improve significantly in 2018. Overall, the good harvest in highland areas, is expected to reduce large scale needs in the northern highlands, however reduced harvest and crop loss were experienced due to erratic rainfall in some potential areas. The multi-sector humanitarian response operation established over the course of 2017 will need to be sustained in 2018. The extent of needs and the corresponding humanitarian operation will be reviewed during the belg/gu/ganna assessment in June/July. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 09 Mar 2017)
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• The response is currently being rapidly scaled-up with diverted resources from life-saving responses to drought, flood and conflict-displacements elsewhere in the country and new resources allocated.
July 2018 marks the one-year anniversary of Trócaire's emergency appeal in response to the crisis in East Africa. Trócaire has been able to respond to the crisis providing water, food and funds to 75,000 people.
July 2018 marks the one-year anniversary of Trócaire's emergency appeal in response to the crisis in East Africa.
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Torrential rains trigger flooding in Nigeria
Africa Weather Hazards
- During mid-July, torrential rains in Nigeria triggered floods, damages to infrastructure and fatalities in the Ogun and Katsina states. Heavy rainfall is forecast to continue over northern Nigeria during the next seven days.
Heavy rainfall continues over the Sahel region
Feed the Future Enabling Environment for Food Security Project / Esther Ngumbi
This post was co-authored with Esther Ngumbi.
ADDIS ABABA (July 19, 2018) - Since the beginning of this year, over 800,000 people in Ethiopia have fled the violence. In total, around one million people are estimated to be displaced inside the country. Houses and major infrastructure have been severely damaged. More than 200 people have lost their lives. “This is a massive humanitarian crisis which is totally off the radar of the international community,” says Fred McCray, CARE’s Acting Country Director in Ethiopia. “People are in desperate need for help. The region has been suffering from hunger for years.
AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 6,810 displaced individuals comprising 1,613 households in 32 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region*. These figures represent a decrease of 78 in the total individuals (-1.13%) an increase of 138 households (+9.36%) and an increase of 7 sites (+28.00%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 56.25% sites opened in 2017 and 3.1% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 75% of the displaced population.
GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 13,477 displaced individuals comprising 2,695 households in 15 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region*. These figures represent a increase of 1,200 in the total individuals (+9.77%) an increase of 242 households (+9.87%) and an increase of 4 sites (+36.36%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 26.67% sites opened in 2017 and 20.0% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 100% of the displaced population.
Somali REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:
873,666 displaced individuals comprising 142,014 households in 362 displacement sites were identified in Somali region*. These figures represent an increase of 109,521 in the total individuals (+14.33%) an increase of 14,715 households (+11.56%) and an increase of 15 sites (+4.32%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 65.19% sites opened in 2017 and 5.80% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 57% of the displaced population.
TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 30,374 displaced individuals comprising 10,994 households in 81 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 262 in the total individuals (+0.87%) an increase of 102 households (+0.94%) and an increase of 3 sites (+3.85%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 9.88% sites opened in 2017 and 18.52% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 95% of the displaced population.
AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 53,401 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in Afar region*. These figures represent a decrease of 2,974 in the total number of individuals (-5.28%) a decrease of 494 households (-5.25%) and an decrease of 2 sites (-3.57%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 20.37% sites opened in 2017. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 36% of the displaced population.
OROMIA REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:
777,047 displaced individuals comprising 126,777 households in 459 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region*. These figures represent an increase of 55,740 in the total individuals (+7.73%) an increase of 8,550 households (+7.23%) and an increase of 39 sites (+9.29%) since round 10 (March/ April 2018). 71.68% sites opened in 2017 and 13.3% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 81% of the displaced population.
(Nairobi, 19 th July 2018), At least 1 million people, the majority of whom being women and children are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance following recent inter-communal conflict in Ethiopia.
- UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund allocates US$15 million to support the scale-up of assistance for the Gedeo-West Guji displacement crisis in Ethiopia.
UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund allocates US$15 million to Ethiopia
Inflation: In June 2018, the inter-annual general inflation stood at 14.7 percent up 1.0 percentage points from last month. Food inflation increased from 14.9 percent last month to 17.9 percent in June 2018. This could pose a serious risk to food security, generally, and of pricing poor household out of the food market, specifically.
Humanitarian assistance and improved seasonal performance mitigate a deterioration in food security
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2019
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 618 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,204,577 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (536,321 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country
Rainfall continues in the Sahel, no weather hazards reported over Africa
Rainfall continues over the Sahel
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
Funding required: $25.39 B
Funding received: $8.71 B
Unmet requirements: 16.68 B
People in need: 134.0 M
People to receive aid: 96.2 M
Countries affected: 40