Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
Most read (last 30 days)
- UNICEF Horn of Africa Drought Situation - Updated: 31 October 2017
- Uprooted by Climate Change: Responding to the growing risk of displacement
- Ethiopia: Humanitarian Response Situation Report No.15 (October 2017)
- Horn of Africa: Humanitarian Impacts of Drought – Issue 11 (3 November 2017)
- Deteriorating humanitarian situation - Ethiopia (DG ECHO, FEWSNET, UN, NDRMC, IOM ETT) (ECHO Daily Flash of 24 October 2017)
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 main “meher” season
Output of 2017 “belg” secondary season harvest estimated at below-average levels due to erratic rainfall
Fall Armyworm infestations affected crops in 65 percent of country’s districts; Government, with technical and financial support of FAO, undertook appropriate control measures
By James Jeffrey
NEAR THE OROMIA-SOMALI REGIONAL BORDER, Ethiopia, Nov 21 2017 (IPS) - Ethnic animosity unleashed in Ethiopia has displaced hundreds of thousands as well as rendering all manner of usually sacrosanct loyalties obsolete.
Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS) summary for October 2017 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Somalia / Somaliland and Yemen.
Continued heavy rains in November bring relief to dryness in East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
- Since late October, above-average rainfall has mitigated moisture deficits across Somalia and eastern Kenya. However, dryness remains in parts of the northern Somali region of eastern Ethiopia.
- Below-average rainfall since mid-October have resulted in considerable moisture deficits across parts of the Free State, Gauteng, and Mpumalanga regions of South Africa and in Lesotho and Swaziland.
11.4 million children are at risk of of malnutrition, water shortages, lack of health services, child protection violations and disruption to their education
758,000 children under-five are at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition
7.6 million children are in need of water
At least 3.4 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
Abidjan, 16 November, 2017 - A newly released nutrition report by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa has revealed that undernutrition is still persistent in the region and the number of stunted children has increased. The Africa Nutrition Report, launched today in Abidjan, Ivory Coast also indicates that a growing number of children under five years old are overweight.
BONN – A compelling new report about the impact of climate change on global food security has been launched by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) in partnership with the Government of Sweden.
How Climate Change Drives Hunger was unveiled today at the 23rd UN Climate Change Conference - known as COP23 - which is being held in Bonn, Germany.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 October 2017.
The Government, with support from humanitarian partners, continue to address the triple challenge of drought, flood and inter-communal conflict, but resources are stretched.
22.9 million People affected by drought in the region
15 million People facing crisis and emergency food Insecurity
1.8 million People in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$1,612,000 million Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
On 14 November 2017, Ms. Ursula Mueller the Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator and Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), delivered a briefing to the United Nations Member States on the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). His Excellency Mr. Negash Botora, Ambassador and the Permanent Representative of Ethiopia, and His Excellency Mr.
- Government and partners continue to respond to the rising needs of conflictinduced IDPs in Oromia and Somali regions, but humanitarian needs surpass available resources.
Government and partners responding to needs of conflict-induced IDPs, gap remains high
I. INTRODUCTION AND KEY TAKEAWAYS
A long drought in the Horn of Africa is threatening the lives of 17 million people. They don’t have water and wait in vain for harvest. In this large humanitarian catastrophe, Czechs are helping pastoral tribes in the south of Ethiopia.
By Elias Gebreselassie
ARGOBA, Ethiopia, Nov 13 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Armed with a spear and undeterred by the intense sunlight, Tarekegn Kareto meticulously plucks weeds in his maize field in Argoba village, in southern Ethiopia.
"With both dry weather and unusually heavy rains hitting us in the past year, I've lost over half of my harvest of maize and sorghum," he said, pausing to wipe sweat off his forehead.
Despite a recent improvement in seasonal rainfall, dryness remains in Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia
Africa Weather Hazards
Increased seasonal rainfall was recorded in Somalia and northeastern Kenya, helping to mitigate early-season moisture deficits, although dryness remains. Average to above-average rainfall forecast in mid- November is expected to continue to provide relief to the region.
Heavy rainfall continues to sustain the risk for flooding in southeastern Kenya and northeastern Tanzania.
WMO report highlights impacts on human safety, well-being and environment
6 November 2017 (WMO) - It is very likely that 2017 will be one of the three hottest years on record, with many high-impact events including catastrophic hurricanes and floods, debilitating heatwaves and drought. Long-term indicators of climate change such as increasing carbon dioxide concentrations, sea level rise and ocean acidification continue unabated. Arctic sea ice coverage remains below average and previously stable Antarctic sea ice extent was at or near a record low.
Addis Ababa November 07/2017 Ethiopia is preparing its first-ever National Food and Nutrition Policy to fulfill the nation's ambition to end malnutrition and stunting by 2030, the Ministry of Health said.
Nutrition case team coordinator at the Ministry Birara Melesse told ENA that the policy focuses on reducing malnutrition, stunting and other nutrition related problems among children and mothers.
The policy will also focus on complimentary feeding for children under five as these periods are crucial for children’s healthy growth, he mentioned.
When women are forced to leave their houses, they often only carry items which are thought to be essential to the family. They leave behind personal articles, such as clothing and female hygiene products. In Ethiopia’s Somali region, where an endless drought has decimated livestock and left families destitute, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) helps displaced families through these challenging times. With EU humanitarian support, they provide girls and women with ‘dignity kits’ among other items. The kits include Little Sun solar lamps.
The flight of the Rohingya has caught the world’s attention. Since 25 August, more than half a million men, women and children fled from one country to another in search of safety and respite.
The conditions of those now living in Bangladesh, having crossed from Myanmar, are dire. Many have arrived with just the clothes they happened to be wearing; they arrive scarred, wounded, traumatised.