Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. [...] In the second half of 2017, some 8.5 million people will require emergency food assistance, some 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding, some 10.5 million people will not have regular access to safe drinking water and some 2.25 million households will require livestock support. Partners also estimate that 376,000 children will become severely acutely malnourished until the end of 2017. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 08 Aug 2017)
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country. (Gov't of Ethiopia, OCHA, 19 Oct 2017)
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and south-eastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant in 2018. As of September 2017, 1.3 million people, 64 per cent of whom are children, are displaced due to conflict and drought. The majority of these people will remain displaced in 2018. (UNICEF, 4 Jan 2018)
Appeals & Funding
- FAO Ethiopia Drought response plan and priorities in 2017 - Revised version, August 2017
- IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal April - December 2017
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- UN's Global Emergency Response Fund provides US$10 million to help most vulnerable in Ethiopia
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- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 5: 27 January - 2 February 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 2 February 2018)
- Ethiopia: Conflict Displacement Situation Report (23 January 2018)
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 4: 20 - 26 January 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 26 January 2018)
90,000 children a week at risk of dropping out of school
90,000 children a week are at risk of dropping out of school in 2018, warns Save the Children, in an appeal for education funding in emergencies across East Africa. For many this would be their second year out of school, forced to abandon their studies because of the drought.
13th February 2018, Mombasa, Kenya: The period between March and May (MAM) constitute an important rainfall season over the equatorial parts of the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) region. The prediction of MAM 2018 season indicates increased likelihood of near normal to enhanced rainfall over much of the Greater Horn of Africa. However, near normal to depressed rainfall is likely to occur over much of Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia and eastern Kenya.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2018
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee hosting country in Africa, with 889,071 refugees and asylum seekers as of November 2017.2 At the Leaders’ Summit held in New York in September 2016, and co-hosted by Ethiopia, a day after the adoption of the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants, the Government of Ethiopia made the following nine pledges to relax its reservations to the Refugee Convention and encampment practices, and to strengthen support to refugees.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Declaration of the end of cholera outbreak in South Sudan
Humanitarian crisis in Central African Republic
Cholera in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Hepatitis E in Namibia
Cholera in Angola
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 20 December 2017 to 31 January 201 . (All sector requirements will be revised based on the 2018 Humanitarian requirements document, expected to be released mid February).
Due to drought and large-scale displacement in the southern and southeastern lowland areas of Ethiopia, humanitarian needs remain significant.
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, with 892,555 registered refugees and asylum seekers, 58 percent of whom are children.
Addis Ababa February 8, 2018 A National Post-Harvest Management Strategy was launched here today.
The five-year strategy launched by Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MoANR) aims at reducing the level of post-harvest loss from 25 percent to 5 percent by 2020.
Director- General for Agricultural Extension at the ministry, Wondale Habtamu, said the strategy could be used as a platform for creating integrated reduction of post-harvest loss through systematic and structured mechanisms.
• Severe drought conditions continue to affect Somalia, South-East Ethiopia and North-East Kenya.
• Over 15 million people in the region are facing food security crisis and food insecurity has increased in all three countries over the last 6 months
• Without continued humanitarian support this situation is likely to deteriorate in early 2018
OROMIA REGION - KEY FINDINGS
January rainfall improves harvest prospects in Burundi and Rwanda
Tanzania continued to receive well above-average rainfall in January, resulting in favorable agricultural conditions across the country.
Burundi, eastern Rwanda, and localized areas of eastern DRC also received above-average rains during this period, improving harvest prospects following dry spells during the Season A (October to December) rains.
Total requirements: $23.18 B
People in need: 137.0 M
People to receive aid: 94.0 M
Countries affected: 26
- 17.8 million people in need of humanitarian services
- 8.1 million children in need of humanitarian services
- 712,614 children under-five are at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition
- 18.4 million people are in need of water
- At least 5.3 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
Malnutrition in Eastern Africa among children raises concern
18 January 2018, Addis Ababa – The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Africa Union Commission have signed an agreement to launch sustainable school food and nutrition programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda.
Breaking down the silos between humanitarian and development actors to address recurrent crises
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia — The Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Achim Steiner and the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock concluded a three-day joint mission to Ethiopia by urging all stakeholders to increase cooperation to withstand humanitarian and climate-related crises.
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 21,570 displaced individuals comprising 4,314 households in 21 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent an increase of 1,578 in the total individuals (8%), 490 in the number of households (13%) but a decrease of 2 (9%) in numbers of sites since round 7 (September/ October 2017). 57% of sites opened in 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 71% of the displaced population.
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 806,913 displaced individuals comprising 118,719 households in 331 displacement sites were identified in Somali region*.
These figures represent an increase of 123,692 in the total individuals (18%), households (11%) and sites (4%) since round 7 (August/September 2017). 68% sites opened in 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 57% of the displaced population.
TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 20,752 displaced individuals comprising 7,621 households in 61 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 1,317 in the total individuals (4%), households (4.8%) and sites (3%) since round 7 (September/October 2017). Only 7 of the 61 sites opened in 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 93% of the displaced population.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia
Lassa fever in Benin
Lassa fever in Nigeria
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in Uganda
Rift Valley fever in South Sudan