Sri Lanka: Drought - Aug 2014
The northeast monsoon, which supplies water for agriculture across the key paddy producing areas of Sri Lanka, received below average rainfall for consecutive months between September 2013 and March 2014, leading to prolonged drought across most of the country. By April 2014, over 728,000 people were estimated to be food insecure and in need of assistance as a consequence of the drought. (Govt/WFP, 30 Apr 2014)
By August, low rainfall had further aggravated the impact of the drought, which affected more than 1.8 million people in 16 districts. The Government allocated over $680,000 to provide drought relief, while the UN Emergency Response Coordinator, had approved $2 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund for food, drinking water and health. INGOs and the Red Cross were also responding. (OCHA, 18 Aug 2014)
The 11-month drought eased only in early December. Overall, agricultural production was expected to fall by around 40 percent, with rice production contracting some 30 percent to a six-year low. In the North, crop losses were likely to exceed 30 percent. (AlertNet, 24 Dec 2014)
Author(s): Nayana Godamunne
Type: Working Paper
Country: Sri Lanka
This study explores the state-society relationship in relation to two systemic shocks in Sri Lanka: the drought of 2014 and flood of 2015. It looks at how the state responded, the ways citizens engaged with it to cope and recover, and if this engagement has changed their perceptions of it.
Across Sri Lanka, climate change related weather aberrations and resultant extreme weather events are becoming increasingly common. While this affects the country at large, farmers and agricultural workers face the worst impacts of this variability. The increased frequency of flood and drought incidence in the last ten years has caused severe hardship to poor farmers across Sri Lanka.
Islamic Relief’s latest project in eastern Sri Lanka has enabled more than 1,300 children to remain in school, as disaster-affected families struggle to make ends meet.
Last year, families in Ampara district were hit by severe drought followed by flash floods which affected nearly 79,000 households. Over 60 per cent of paddy land in the area was deluged, livestock killed, homes damaged, and many people displaced.
While focusing on immediate measures to resolve the water problem in the North, both for irrigation and drinking, the Government would also ensure the accelerated implementation of the multi-billion dollar Moragahakanda-Kaluganga project that will take water to the Irnamadu tank in Kilinochchi, Irrigation Minister Vijith Wijayamuni Zoysa said.
26/05/2015 – Moneragala, Sri Lanka: The Sri Lanka Red Cross Society’s Moneragala Branch has taken adequate steps to provide water & sanitation support to over 500 families within the district who are in the drought stricken area of the district.
Families in Guruhela, Suduwatura & Hulandawa received water wells, pumps, tanks, a tap system to excavate the deep water reserves within the area which is one of the main resource of clean water for the people.
Snapshot 11–17 March 2015
Vanuatu: 24 people are confirmed dead so far after Tropical Cyclone Pam hit on 13 March. Shefa, Tafea, Malampa, and Penama are among the worst affected provinces. Access challenges are significant.
Cameroon: The number of people internally displaced in the north has almost doubled since 10 February, to 117,000. This brings the number of displaced in Cameroon to an estimated 412,700, including 66,000 fleeing Boko Haram violence in Nigeria and the rest from the Central African Republic.
Iraq: 26,000 people have fled fighting between Islamic State and Iraqi security forces in Tikrit for Samarra. Food, shelter, health and WASH needs are priorities. More than 100 families have arrived in Al Dour, located between Tikrit and Samarra, and thousands have fled to central and southern governorates.
South Sudan: Heavy fighting between government and opposition was reported in Upper Nile state, and government troops took control of Wadakona town. Many civilians are reported trapped. Peace talks have collapsed.
Afghanistan: Heavy snowfall has caused avalanches in northern, central and eastern Afghanistan; 280 people have died. Panshir province is most affected. Communication lines have been disrupted in places, power supplies to Kabul have been cut. Priority needs are for NFIs and emergency shelter; access to isolated areas is difficult.
Snapshot 18-24 February 2015
Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
2015 main season “Maha” rice crop forecast to recover from last year’s drought-reduced level
Considerably higher rice imports estimates for 2014
Rice prices remain at near-record levels, while those of wheat are stable
Recent floods affected food availability in localized areas
Snapshot 11–17 February 2015
Myanmar: Fighting between the Myanmar army and the MNDAA, an insurgent group in the Kokang area of Shan state, displaced tens of thousands of people. Some fled into central Myanmar, while between 30,000 and 50,000 are thought to have crossed into Nansan, Yunnan province, China.
Snapshot 4–10 February 2015
Guinea: An increase in Ebola case numbers has been reported for the second consecutive week. Resistance to the response remains high in Forecariah, worst affected by the outbreak; though ten prefectures have reported at least one incident of resistance. Clashes between armed forces and the community were reported in Matoto, Conakry.
Snapshot 28 January – 3 February 2015
DRC: 30,000 refugees have fled CAR for Equateur province since December. In North Kivu, 18,000 new IDPs need humanitarian assistance; another 21,000 are in need in South Kivu. Nationwide, food security is worsening: over one-third of territories are in Crisis or Emergency phases.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
- NATURE OF EMERGENCY:
Torrential rainfalls have resulted in severe floods and landslides, causing displacement and damage to houses, livelihoods and assets in 22 administrative districts out of 25 districts in Sri Lanka.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.