Marshall Islands: Drought - May 2013
The Government declared a state of emergency for the northern Marshall Islands on 19 Apr 2013 due to a prolonged dry season and severe drought experienced in Wotje and the atolls north of Majuro. On 8 May, the state of emergency was elevated to a state of drought disaster for a period of 30 days. The severe drought conditions have damaged or destroyed agriculture on many islands of the northern atolls. In addition, deteriorating health is reported in many locations. Four clusters (Health, Food Security, Logistics and WASH) have been established and government cluster leads have prepared specific response plans with support from the UNDAC Team. (OCHA, 21 May 2013)
On 29 May, the Government issued an Intermediate Response Plan for the drought stricken northern atolls. The plan requires US$ 4.6 million for WASH, Health, Food and logistics needs for the 6,384 people affected.
On 7 Jun, the state of drought disaster was extended for an additional 30 days into early July (OCHA, 11 Jun 2013).
As of 30 Sep, the affected populations continued to recover from drought effects as normal seasonal rainfall remained ongoing (USAID, 30 Sep 2013).
Drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanoes, and civil unrest, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
MANILA, PHILIPPINES – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of the Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI) have signed a $200,000 grant agreement to help the country tackle the effects of a severe drought.
The grant was signed at a ceremony in ADB’s headquarters in Manila involving ADB Pacific Department Director General Xianbin Yao and ADB Executive Director Gaudencio Hernandez (on behalf of the Government of the Marshall Islands). The grant is sourced from the Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund.
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural calamities such as floods, earthquakes and cyclones. Pacific countries rank among the highest in casualties and people affected per inhabitant.
Promoting and enabling active participation of both women and men in training, planning and decision-making for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and emergency response is crucial for reducing vulnerability to natural calamities in the Pacific.
Period covered by this Final Report: 21 June 2013 – 30 March 2014
Appeal target (current): CHF 409,154
Appeal coverage: 89 %
A revised Emergency Appeal was launched on 20 December 2013, revising down the budget to CHF 409,154 to assist 1,529 beneficiaries in three drought-affected atolls/islands with a time extension of an additional three months (up to March 2014).
On 31 August 2013, the first operation update was issued.
The Central Emergency response Fund (CERF) had another record year in 2013, as donors contributed US$477 million to support emergency response efforts in 45 countries.
Whether in high-profile natural disasters or forgotten emergencies, the humanitarian community once again relied on rapid and strategic CERF funding to kick-start the response and to keep life-saving programmes running.
Japan is to provide the Marshall Islands with another large grant for water-making equipment.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
Affected populations continue to recover from drought effects as normal seasonal rainfall remains ongoing
USAID partner the International Organization for Migration (IOM) continues to deliver food commodities provided by the U.S. Government (USG) to drought-affected atolls and islands
DG ECHO allocated EUR 150,000 to assist populations affected by drought in the Marshall Islands. The funding will contribute to the emergency appeal launched by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) of CHF 803,347 (ca. EUR 650,000) to assist over 3.000 people facing serious drinking water shortage and food insecurity.
The funding will be used to build an additional 117 water tanks, repair existing rain-water collection systems and provide hygiene promotion information.
Posted at 22:44 on 03 September, 2013 UTC
The New Zealand Government has announced a 3.9 million US dollar initiative to help five low-lying Pacific countries, which are vulnerable to water shortages, to better manage their fresh water resources. The money will be to assist Tuvalu, Tokelau, Kiribati, the Cook Islands and the Marshall Islands.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
Period covered by this Ops Update: 19 June to 30 August 2013
Appeal target (current): CHF 803,347.
Appeal coverage: 13 per cent
This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 19 June 2013 for CHF 803,347; cash, in-kind, or services to support the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) to assist 3,409 drought-affected beneficiaries across six atolls/islands of the 15 affected for a period of six months.
Normal seasonal rains begin in drought-affected areas of northern RMI, alleviating drought conditions
U.S. Government (USG) provides nearly $1.8 million in additional assistance for drought relief activities in RMI
Two shipments of USG-provided food commodities for distribution to drought-affected communities arrive in RMI in July
- The effects of severe drought conditions continue to affect nearly 6,400 people in RMI
- On June 14, U.S. President Barack Obama declared a disaster for RMI, authorizing additional U.S. Government (USG) funding for relief and reconstruction activities
- To date, the USG has provided nearly $1.3 million to respond to drought-related humanitarian needs in RMI
(Suva:19 June 2013):
In response to the drought disaster in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator, Valerie Amos, approved a rapid response grant of US$1 million yesterday. This grant, implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) will assist the Government in its response efforts as outlined in the Government’s $4.7 million Immediate- and Near-term Drought Response Plan.
Foreign Minister Bob Carr today announced Australia will fund transport of life-saving water and emergency food by sea and air, and repairs to existing desalination equipment, to respond to severe drought in the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
Senator Carr said the $385,000 commitment follows the announcement of $100,000 in emergency funding to the island nation on 6 May 2013, due to a request for assistance by the Government of the Marshall Islands.
On Friday, May 17, the Government of Japan decided to extend emergency relief goods worth eight million yen (water and food) to the RMI, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in response to the request from the RMI Government following serious damage from the drought.
For immediate release--May 16, 2013
The United States turned over two additional solar powered mobile reverse osmosis (RO) machines to the Government of the Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI) on May 16. The two units will be sent on May 17 to the atolls of Ailuk and Maloelap to help provide relief to communities suffering from severe drought.
Prolonged dry weather has triggered significant drought in northern Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI)
A U.S. Government (USG) preliminary damage assessment team is scheduled to begin assessments of drought-affected areas in the coming days
To date, USAID has responded with reverse osmosis machines and other pre-positioned relief supplies