Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
“Somalia is in a critical phase. Norway aims to support that the progress made so far is not reversed. That is why we are increasing our development assistance by NOK 150 million and strengthening our cooperation with the Government of Somalia,” said Minister of International Development Heikki Eidsvoll Holmås.
Mr Holmås is today taking part in the international Somalia Conference 2013 in London. The conference is co-hosted by President of the Federal Republic of Somalia, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, and British Prime Minister David Cameron.
Norway is to donate NOK 11 million to a new fund for Somalia. The international Stability Fund will improve the lives of Somalis by supporting local efforts to promote reconciliation.
“We would like to help bring about greater stability in Somalia by supporting development and the establishment of functioning authorities at the local level. People need to have access to health services and education,” said Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim.
The purpose of this review is to assess to what extent UNHCR, WFP, Unicef, and UNOCHA are aware of and integrate the standards of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Gender Handbook in Humanitarian Action in its programming, and to what extent this Handbook is being used and implemented as a guiding tool in humanitarian operations.
The review also briefly assesses the GenCap system and the cluster approach with regard to the implementation processes.
The Government is to increase its support to the victims of the hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa to NOK 620 million.
The ongoing hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa is growing in scale from one day to the next.
“The protracted conflict in Somalia is the main reason for the crisis. It has made the local communities extremely vulnerable, even in the face of natural and recurring climate variations,” commented Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre.
The drought in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia has led to the most serious hunger crisis in the world right now. It was, however, forecast. Here you can read more about what Norway is doing for the people in the Horn of Africa and what you can do to help.
Any inquiries to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the Horn of Africa (applications, questions, etc.) should be sent to: email@example.com.
“The drought in the Horn of Africa is critical and gives cause for serious concern. The extent of the crisis will be worse than first assumed. We have therefore decided to increase Norway’s contribution by NOK 30 million, bringing the total up to NOK 263 million. We will do our part, but the whole international community must respond rapidly in order to prevent this crisis becoming even worse,” said Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre.
Norwegian Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim said, “I am very concerned about the situation for people in the Horn of Africa. Many have yet again been hit by two disasters at once: conflict and drought.”
According to the UN, nearly 10 million people are short of food. Food prices are extremely high. The Horn of Africa is in a state of permanent crisis as a result of the protracted conflict in Somalia.