Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
The Famine Early Warning Network warned last week that the current rainy season in the eastern Horn of Africa will not be adequate to prevent food insecurity in the region still recovering for last year’s devastating famine. Learning lessons from what did and did not work in the 2011 famine relief efforts in Somalia is thus a matter of urgent and immediate concern.
Editor’s Note: Since the early 1900s countries around the world have celebrated International Women’s Day as a time to recognize the role of women in society and mobilize against injustices specifically impacting half of the world’s population. At Enough, rather than confining our commemoration to just one day—March 8—we’re giving a special focus to women all this week, to highlight how the conflicts we’re working to end affect women and girls, and to recognize the work of heroes advocating on their behalf.*
WASHINGTON – Today’s London Conference on the future of Somalia is widely seen as a critical moment in Somalia’s long 20-year crisis and could shape the direction of the country in the coming years, for better or for worse, according to a new Enough Project report.
The report, “Somalia: What to Expect of the London Conference and Beyond,” by Somalia expert Ken Menkhaus, details the expectations of the conference and the future of Somalia after its political transition is completed in the next six months.
Donors and stakeholders from Somalia, the region, and the international community must craft a plan for who will govern southern Somalia if and when Kenya's intervention to oust the jihadi group al-Shabaab succeeds in order to create stability in the highly contested region, said eminent Somalia expert Ken Menkhaus in a new paper published by Enough.
NAIROBI, Kenya -- Political infighting has long hampered Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government, or TFG, with rifts between leaders often playing out in awkwardly public ways. But a meeting of members of Parliament geared toward naming a committee to choose a new speaker yesterday disintegrated into an all-out brawl of punching and kicking.
Posted by Laura Heaton on Oct 12, 2011
The humanitarian crisis in the Horn of Africa is unfolding on a scale that dwarfs Japan’s tsunami, the Haiti earthquake, and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The scale is difficult to fully absorb:
More than 15 out of every 10,000 children die each day among the displaced in the Somali capital of Mogadishu. To put this figure in context, the rate that constitutes a famine is two deaths per 10,000 people per day.
Before the end of this year tens of thousands of people in Somalia—possibly hundreds of thousands—are going to die. Aid agencies say nearly 4 million people are in need of assistance and 750,000 at risk of starvation. For many it is already too late, and regardless of what we do, disease will claim many more lives during the imminent rainy season.
in Peace Prevention Somalia Strategy Papers
By Ken Menkhaus
Ken Menkhaus is a professor of political science at Davidson College and a specialist on Somalia and the Horn of Africa. He worked on famine response policy in Somalia in 1991 and served as a political advisor in the U.N. Operation in Somalia in 1993-94. He is author of over 50 monographs, chapters, and articles on Somalia and the Horn of Africa, and has testified five times before congressional committees on aspects of the Somali crisis.
Enough spoke with eminent Somalia expert and political science professor Ken Menkhaus about what’s behind the famine sweeping East Africa and lessons that we should take away from the crisis.
The famine in the Horn of Africa was spurred by a drought, but there are plenty of man-made triggers of the current crisis. Can you pinpoint the most responsible?