Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock: Opening Remarks at the Launch of the 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan and the Resilience and Recovery Framework
- Humanitarian Assistance in Review: East and Central Africa | Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 – 2017
- Looking back to move forward: Building on learning from 2011 to strengthen the 2017 drought response in Somalia: Report from an inter-agency reflection workshop
- Lesson learned? An urgent call for action in the Horn of Africa, January 2017
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
Background and Executive Summary
(Mogadishu – September 29, 2012) - Today, the Somali Armed Forces with support from the African Union Mission in Somalia have secured the port town of Kismayu from the grip of the terror group of Al Shabaab who controlled the town for nearly three years. The Kismayu Operation has encountered no resistance with the radical militia abandoning the town overnight and escaping towards the country.
Press Release 2012/71
(Mogadishu – September 11, 2012) The Somali Parliament elected a new president for Somalia with 271 members casting their ballots in a transparent and fair election in the first time after 42 years. In the third round, Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, the incumbent president faced against the civil society leader, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud – who won with landslide vote of 190-79.
(Mogadishu, July 18th, 2012) Somali Traditional Elders have reviewed the Draft Constitution and made their recommendations that will be presented for debate to the National Constituent Assembly.
This milestone was reached after days of open discussions and deliberations. In the spirit of reconciliation, the group of 135 representative elders paved the way for the continuation of the Roadmap process and the end of the transition.
Press Release 57/2012
(Mogadishu, June 2, 2012) The government welcomes the outcome of the 2nd Istanbul Conference on Somalia that was wrapped yesterday in Turkey. The Somali government considers the calls for economic recovery in Somalia which is an important milestone that was never emphasized before now. By addressing the economic issues and chronic impoverishment, the Somali people will have new opportunities for jobs – which could be alternatives to the violence - especially for the youth.
(Mogadishu, 18th May 2012) The conference on the Fundamental Rights, Media Law and Transitional Justice was held in Mogadishu, Somalia on May 16-17, 2012. It was organized by the Ministry of Constitutional Affairs and Reconciliations; Ministry of Information, Posts and Telecommunications and facilitated jointly by UNDP, NDI and IDLO.
(Mogadishu, 2nd May 2012) The Somali government strongly condemns the cowardly suicide bombing of Al Qaeda that killed two members of the Somali Parliament and three civilians in the central town of Dhusomareb, who were there to reconcile communities and promote peace in Galgadud region.
PRESS RELEASE 40/2012
(Mogadishu: 4th April, 2012) The Somali Government strongly condemns a suicide bomber that killed 4 people and injured over 10, including a member of the Somali parliament and three journalists at an event in the National Theatre that marked the 28th anniversary of the Somali National Television.
(Mogadishu: 26th March, 2012) The Somali Armed forces with the help of Ethiopian forces liberated today the cities of El Bur ( Galguduud region ) and Mahas (Hiraan region ) and the surrounding districts from the Al-shabaab terrorists without a fight.
It was a great joy to see the people of these districts welcome the liberating forces with flowers, showing their happiness and relief for the end of 3 years of subjugation and suffering at the hands of the Al-Shabaab militia.
PRESS RELEASE 36/2012
(Mogadishu: 22th March, 2012) The National Security Committee in a meeting last night, chaired by the President of the Republic, H.E. Sharif Sheik Ahmed, deliberated on the security situation of the country in general and Mogadishu in particular. The matter of the lately recurring infiltrations by the Al-Qaeda sponsored Al Shabaab terrorists with explosive devices was discussed.
(Mogadishu: 12th March, 2012):- The National Security Committee, chaired by the President of the Republic, H. E. SH. Sharif Sh. Ahmed and attended by the Prime Minister, the Speaker of the Parliament, other members of the NSC, including Ministers, the heads of the Armed & Security services and the Governor of the Banadir region, in its regular meeting last night made the following decisions:
To restart and speed up the campaign to remove those still illegally occupying state property.
(Mogadishu: 21st February, 2012) The Al Shabaab (Al Qaeda Somalia) terrorists started targeting the IDP camps due to their diminished capability in confronting the Somali Army and the African Union Forces.
Yesterday the terrorists murdered one person and injured many others in an explosion in the Badbaada IDP camp (the largest of its kind in Somalia), in Dharkanley, Mogadishu. This was an indiscriminate terrorist attack on those least able to protect themselves.
(Mogadishu: 07th February, 2012) The Somali Ministry of Information,
Posts and Telecommunications started the process of distributing 6,000 hand-held radios to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Mogadishu.
In the first batch, the Ministry handed out 1,000 radios at Badbado camp, Somalia’s largest IDP camp. The radios were received by to those most in need: namely, female-headed households, elderly and youth groups.
I would like to thank UNPOS for convening this important gathering. I would also like to extend my special thanks to Djibouti for hosting this gathering. We are not only neighbors, but also brothers and sisters. Djibouti has been home to many Somalis seeking refuge these past 20 years. Djibouti has constantly supported our political processes and most recently, has sent us its sons and daughters to join the AMISOM mission. Inshallah, one day, we will be able to repay the generosity and solidarity of the people of Djibouti.
1. Executive Summary
Issued at the conclusion of a Tripartite meeting between H.E. Mwai Kibaki, President of the Republic of Kenya, H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda and H.E. Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, President of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia on the security situation in Somalia held on 16th November, 2011 at State House, Nairobi
On 27th October 2011, H.E Dr Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, held press conference to deliberate Government's position on the war against Alshabab and Military activities carried by Somalia forces trained in Kenya, and notes as follows:
Somalia Prime Minister condemns the kidnapping of Aid Workers from the Dadaab Refugee Camp
13 October 2011 – The Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government of the Somali Republic, H.E. Dr. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, has expressed his strong condemnation of the kidnappings of two Spanish doctors, two Kenyans and the injury of their Kenyan driver by Gunmen at the Dadaab Refugee Camp in Kenya.
(Mogadishu, September 19, 2011) The TFG has emphasized the need to get aid delivered into Shabaab held areas where the needs of the population are greatest. With both aid and aid workers well established in Mogadishu, the Government, through the Somali National Disaster Management Agency, and in collaboration with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) office in Mogadishu and UN OCHA, is looking for ways to step up effective delivery.
(Mogadishu, 15 August 2011) The Transitional Federal Government of Somalia condemns any diversion of food aid. The TFG insists that there is no evidence to support the allegation concerning the scale of the alleged diversion, which AP reported it today.