Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock: Opening Remarks at the Launch of the 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan and the Resilience and Recovery Framework
- Humanitarian Assistance in Review: East and Central Africa | Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 – 2017
- Looking back to move forward: Building on learning from 2011 to strengthen the 2017 drought response in Somalia: Report from an inter-agency reflection workshop
- Lesson learned? An urgent call for action in the Horn of Africa, January 2017
- Learning from experience: a summarised review of early warning systems
By Judith Escribano
Countries such as Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia have been affected by severe drought for many months.
So 100 days ago, in July 2011, our sister organisation Age UK and the UK-based Disasters Emergency Committee launched an appeal for the crisis. HelpAge receives money from these appeals to help older people affected.
In Ethiopia, we are providing food and cash to over 3,500 older people and their families (approximately 24,500 people) in Borana Zone and Dollo Ado.
As the humanitarian crisis unfolds in the Horn of Africa, HelpAge International is highlighting the situation of older people affected by the disaster and asking the international humanitarian community not to overlook their needs.
By Navdha Malhotra
Galgollo Guyo is 85 and cuts trees and sells firewood to earn money on the days he does not receive food rations.
He says: "When the market is good, I can sell firewood and get about 10 Birr. With 10 Birr, I am able to buy 1 kg of maize meal. This will last us for one day."
His family is surviving on one meal a day. "My wife prepares raw wheat boiled with water for our lunch and we drink tea at night."
HelpAge International is providing emergency relief to 6,400 households in Borena, Ethiopia. We are distributing cash grants to older people so they can buy the food they need, and animal feed and veterinary care for livestock.
Severe food crisis