Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
The fourth edition of ‘Shelter Projects’, is launched at a time when shelter is more relevant than ever as an instrument of humanitarian response. The case studies in this edition reflect the on-going challenges posed by responses to complex emergencies such as Haiti and Pakistan as well as new challenges derived from unprecedented level of population displacement in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East.
Since the 1990s, armed conflict in Mogadishu and recurring famine in southern Somalia has resulted in the protracted and massive displacement of thousands of families – population movements of up to 20,000 people within a single week into or out of the capital. Since 2007, when fighting between government forces and anti-government militias intensified, an estimated 400,000 people have fled from the war zones in Mogadishu and settled along a 20-kilometre stretch of road leading out of the city.
Mogadishu schools now operational
Somaliland local government association in high gear
Shelter, roads, and infrastructure: Galkayo, Gardho, Mogadishu, and Hargeisa
Five UN-Habitat schools completed a year ago in the Somali capital Mogadishu are today serving some 2,000 internally displaced children in five neighbourhoods thanks to Swedish funding and UNICEF backing.
The project is funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) funded the pilot project and implemented together with the local NGO, SAACID in collaboration with local district authorities and community representatives.
Kisumu, 11 Nov 11 UN-HABITAT announced Friday it will be expanding its successful Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Initiative to fifteen more cities in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi, with support of US$4.2 million from the African Development Bank.
The announcement came during a visit to the sites by key international government representatives to see first-hand the work in Kenya's Kisumu, Bondo and Homa Bay municipalities in the West of the country.