Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
The Security Council’s work programme for November will be packed not only with discussions of difficult situations around the world, but also with business not completed at the end of last month, the Permanent Representative of India, which holds the body’s presidency for the month, told correspondents at Headquarters this afternoon.
Women, peace and security, the rule of law, and the Middle East would be discussed in open debates this month at the Security Council, the Permanent Representative of Guatemala said this afternoon as he introduced the agenda for his October presidency of that body.
Forging greater ties between the United Nations and the League of Arab States to address Middle East turmoil and working closely with their new Joint Special Representative on the crisis in Syria would be among the top priorities of the Security Council in September, the Permanent Representative of Germany, whose delegation holds the Council’s rotating presidency for this month, said today.
With “military logic winning the day” in Syria’s 16-month-old conflict and the Security Council deadlocked over how to address it, the 15-member body would likely cancel the United Nations observer mission to that country and seek consensus on a new resolution focused on humanitarian aid for the 3 million Syrians in need of emergency relief, the representative of France, which hold’s the Council’s rotating presidency for this month, said this afternoon.
La Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général pour les enfants et les conflits armés, Mme Radhika Coomaraswamy, a présenté devant la presse, cet après-midi, les plans d’action pour la libération et la réinsertion des enfants soldats signés au Myanmar, la semaine dernière, et il y a 15 jours en Somalie.
Mme Coomaraswamy, qui effectuait sa dernière conférence de presse à ce poste, au Siège des Nations Unies, à New York, s’est réjouie d’avoir été le témoin de la signature du Plan d’action pour la libération et la réinsertion des enfants soldats pour le Myanmar.
5th & 6th Meetings (AM & PM)
Outcome Document Affirms Poverty Eradication
As Greatest Challenge, Recommends Strengthening of Institutional Framework
RIO DE JANEIRO, 22 June — High-level officials of nearly every Member State meeting in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, renewed their commitments to ensuring an “economically, socially and environmentally sustainable future for our planet and for present and future generations”, as the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development — Rio+20 — closed this afternoon.
Corinne Momal-Vanian, Director of the United Nations Information Service in Geneva, chaired the briefing, which was also attended by Spokespersons for the World Health Organization, the International Organization for Migration, the World Food Programme, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Refugee Agency, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
Today’s suicide bombing in Mogadishu, which killed six people, injured scores of others and seemed to be an attempt on the life of Somalia’s Prime Minister, showed that the Horn of Africa country still faced serious threats despite recent progress, the Chargé d’affaires at its Permanent Mission to the United Nations said this afternoon.
Declaring that “failure is not an option,” Omar Jamal, Chargé d’affaires of the Permanent Mission of Somalia to the United Nations, today reaffirmed the commitment of Somali transitional authorities to the full implementation by 20 August of a time-bound road map that would set the country on the path towards political stability.
An immediate ceasefire was critical to solving the crisis in Syria, the Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) stressed at a Headquarters press conference today.
“We cannot reach hospitals, displaced people and those in need,” Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu said. Outlining the OIC’s initiatives in the areas of peace, security, and humanitarian operations, he said the situation in Syria was a matter of great concern, adding that a humanitarian mission was scheduled to arrive in Damascus today.
The international response to the 2011 famine in Somalia had had a “tremendous impact” in reducing mortality and raising nutritional well-being, but the fragility of the situation had led to a record humanitarian appeal this year, the top United Nations relief official in the country said today.
With staggering numbers of people in the drought-stricken Horn of Africa affected by — and on the run from — severe shortages of food and water, a senior official overseeing the response of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to the crisis said today that the United Nations was intensifying its efforts to save lives and livelihoods, while working with regional partners to help drought-prone countries avert future catastrophes.
Says Torch Bearers of Conference, Greatest Allies of United Nations, Should Take What They Learned, Raise Awareness Back Home about What Is at Stake
(Received from a UN Information Officer.)
Marking World Humanitarian Day this morning, top United Nations officials recognized the sacrifices made by humanitarian workers around the globe, but stressed that it was also critical to use the event to redouble efforts to help those currently suffering in the Horn of Africa and elsewhere.
À l’occasion de la Journée mondiale de l’aide humanitaire, Mme Valerie Amos, Secrétaire générale adjointe aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnatrice des secours d’urgence, et M. Anthony Lake, Directeur général du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (UNICEF), ont fait le point sur la situation dans la corne de l’Afrique.
While humanitarian aid was reaching hundreds of thousands in the drought-devastated Horn of Africa, a still more extensive scale-up was needed, said the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator at a Headquarters press conference today.
Situation in the Horn of Africa
Alessandra Vellucci, Chief of the Press and External Relations Section of the United Nations Information Service, chaired the briefing, which was also attended by Spokespersons for and Representatives of the Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Refugee Agency and the International Organization for Migration.
Situation in the Horn of Africa
Even as the withdrawal of militant Al-Shabaab forces marked a critical opportunity to reach Mogadishu’s starving population, fresh challenges — including insufficient manpower — now threatened humanitarian operations, said top officials during a Headquarters press conference today.
Alessandra Vellucci, Chief of the Press and External Relations Section of the United Nations Information Service, chaired the briefing which was also attended by Spokespersons for and Representatives of the World Health Organization, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and the United Nations Refugee Agency.
Horn of Africa