Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS
• In 2011, a GFDRR team, in partnership with UNDP, the European Union, and USAID, completed the world’s first post-disaster needs assessment (PDNA) after a drought. The results mobilized $13 million of World Bank emergency funding and an additional $30 million of international funding for drought mitigation measures.
Despite slightly better rainfall at the end of 2014, seven years of drought have put Djibouti’s population under severe stress. Child survival in Djibouti remains at risk due to food insecurity, inadequate care practices, constrained basic social services and a proliferation of communicable diseases including malaria and measles. In December 2013, 17.8 per cent of children under-five suffered from wasting and 5.7 per cent were severely acutely malnourished – largely exceeding WHO emergency thresholds of 15 and 2 per cent respectively.
(Genève, le 12 Juin 2014): L'ONU et ses partenaires ont lancé un plan stratégique d'intervention humanitaire d’une durée de deux ans pour répondre aux besoins de 250 000 personnes à Djibouti et les aider à se remettre sur pieds. Parmi la population ciblée, 162 500 sont des ressortissants de Djibouti, 27 500 sont des réfugiés et 60 000 sont des migrants principalement originaires de Somalie et d'Ethiopie.
(Geneva, 12 June 2014): The UN and partners have launched a two-year humanitarian Strategic Response Plan to respond to the needs of 250,000 people in Djibouti to help them get back on their feet. Of the targeted population, 162,500 are Djibouti nationals, 27,500 are refugees and 60,000 are migrants mainly from Somalia and Ethiopia.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
•Two consecutive favourable rainy season benefited pasture and livestock
•Prices of cereals are stable while vegetable prices decline
•Improvements seen in food access for vulnerable pastoralists, but food assistance is still needed
The Republic of Djibouti occupies a strategic position in the East and Horn of Africa region. It borders Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia and opens onto the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The country is politically stable and constitutes an island of peace and protection in a region marred by recurrent conflicts. Djibouti is also a hub for international naval forces combating piracy in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes stretching from the Gulf of Aden to the Indian Ocean.
The Sultanate of Oman has sent humanitarian aid to for the drought-hit people of Djibouti. The aid items included 42 tonnes of medicines, two ambulances, 20 tonnes of medical equipments, including X-rays, ultrasound and ECG machines among other things. Omani authorities have had discussion with Djibouti officials about the needs of their people and Omani aid is designed to address Djibouti requirements, Ali Ibrahim Shenoon al Raisi, Executive Chairman, Oman Charitable Organisation (OCO), told the Observer. Children are particularly vulnerable to the impact of the drought.
Djibouti occupies a strategic position in the East and Horn of Africa region. The country is politically stable and hosts an international military presence. It is a hub for naval forces combating piracy in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes, where the Red Sea joins the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
Djibouti is also located at the crossroads linking Africa to the Middle East.
One of the aims of European Commission's humanitarian aid actions in Djibouti is to reduce people's vulnerability to droughts and climate - caused disasters. This can be achieved by increasing communities' resilience to respond better to upcoming crises ;
The European Commission also works on improving the food situation in the country as well as on fighting malnutrition and malnutrition - related diseases. Access to clean water and sanitary facilities still needs further development in Djibouti;
Nashon Tado (07.06.2013)
Norwegian Ambassador to Djibouti and Ethiopia, H.E Odd Inge Kvalheim visited NRC in Djibouti’s Ali Addeh Refugee Camp this week.
The Ali Addeh Refugee Camp is located 170km from Djibouti capital and is currently hosting an estimate of 18,000 refugees mainly from Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. The refugee camp is divided into 8 sections, each with an average of 2,000 refugees, with refugees from Somalia being the majority. So far, 1,100 refugees have been registered in 2013, with an average of 250 refugees arriving each month.
Humanitarian situation and needs
One of the aims of European Commission's humanitarian aid actions in Djibouti is to reduce people's vulnerability to droughts and climate-caused disasters. This can be achieved by increasing communities' resilience to respond better to upcoming crises;
Persistent Stressed and Crisis levels of food insecurity in spite of seasonal improvements
Most households in northwestern pastoral areas (livelihood zone 1) and southeastern border areas (livelihood zone 3B) are still in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of acute food insecurity due to the poor performance of the current season (October through February) and low levels of Heys/Dada rains.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Poor “heys/dada” rains affect rangeland conditions and water availability in south-eastern areas and the Obock region
- Food prices are stable and below average, but food security remains critical for pastoralists and poor urban households
Alarming levels of food insecurity for pastoral communities and poor urban households
*Widespread Stressed and Crisis levels of food insecurity(
Trois facteurs engendrent la crise humanitaire en République de Djibouti. Le facteur principal est la sécheresse prolongée qui a rendu des milliers de personnes vulnérables, tant en milieu rural qu’urbain. Ce facteur est aggravé par la présence et l’arrivée de nombreux réfugiés, ainsi que par le passage d’un nombre encore plus élevé de migrants. Pour 2013, en raison de l’impact humanitaire de ces trois facteurs, plus de 300 000 personnes auront besoin d’une assistance urgente. Ces chiffres comprennent :
212 000 personnes vulnérables affectées par la sécheresse
Brussels, 19 December 2012
The European Union will support a project to build a desalination plant which will use renewable energy to provide water to 200,000 inhabitants, one-fourth of the country's population, in some of Djibouti's poorest areas. The announcement was made today by Development Commissioner, Andris Piebalgs, and Djiboutian Prime Minister, Mr Dileita Mohamed Dileita, during his visit to Brussels.
La Banque inaugure un bureau de représentation à Djibouti
WASHINGTON, 1er décembre 2012 – Le Groupe de la Banque mondiale a réalisé plusieurs premières à Djibouti cette semaine : Inger Andersen, vice-présidente de la Banque mondiale pour la Région Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord, a effectué sa première visite dans le pays pour officialiser l’ouverture du premier bureau permanent de la Banque à Djibouti — bureau établi et géré par Homa-Zahra Fotouhi, première représentante résidente de la Banque dans le pays.
World Bank Establishes Representative Office in Capital
WASHINGTON, December 1, 2012 – The World Bank Group celebrated a number of firsts in Djibouti this week with the first visit by Inger Andersen, World Bank Vice President for the Middle East and North Africa to formalize the institution’s first permanent office in Djibouti which is being established and managed by Homa-Zahra Fotouhi as the first Resident Representative.
covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea/Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Puntland, Somalia, Somaliland and Yemen.