Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
Scores of people living in a camp in the Somali capital of Mogadishu are to receive free medical care through mobile clinics.
Three thousand Somalis arrived in Karibu camp last year fleeing a severe drought as well as violence fostered by the activities of the al-Shabaab terrorist group.
The African Mission in Somalia, (AMISOM) and Hope for Life International (HILI) are behind the initiative that has made the health care possible.
Although UN agencies report an improvement in humanitarian conditions in Somalia, they point out that more than 250,000 displaced people are still living in camps in the capital, Mogadishu.
While many arrived there during the 2011 famine which affected the country, some have been living in camps for more than 20 years due to the civil war.
The return of Somali refugees to their country is a positive indicator that there is security in the Horn of Africa country, says the top the United Nations envoy in Somalia Augustine Mahiga.
There are reports that every day five planes carrying over 100 passengers each are landing in Mogadishu from Kenya.
Gros plan sur l'humanitaire en 2012, une année qui a connu son lot de drames et de crises qui ont affectés des populations suite aux conflits armés, aux catastrophes naturelles ou encore au changement climatique.
Le Mali, la République démocratique du Congo, la Somalie, le Soudan et le Soudan du Sud, la Syrie, le Pakistan, l'Afghanistan, le Myanmar ou encore Haïti, sont autant de pays qui ont nécessité un appui humanitaire en 2012.
Rural areas in Kenya, as in other countries of Africa, are always left behind in getting good quality health care for a number of reasons.
One of them is that it is difficult to attract trained doctors and nurses to work in these areas, and funds are often scarce.
However, there is good news regarding funding health care facilities in the rural areas of Kenya, thanks to a special fund known as the Health Sector Services Fund.
Bringing law and order to Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, long known for lawlessness and insecurity, is a challenging task.
The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), which has helped the government wrest control of the city from the Al-Shabaab Islamist insurgents, is doing just that.
The United Nations Security Council this month authorized the extension of the mandate of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to early March 2013.
The AU troops are helping to stabilize a country which did not have a functioning central government for more than two decades. But this year, a new Parliament was sworn in and a President inaugurated.
A new project providing fuel-efficient stoves to displaced families in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, is literally a life saver.
As the stoves burn waste instead of wood, women and girls are freed from the potentially dangerous chore of collecting firewood where they risk being assaulted by attackers hiding in bushes.
The group of 8 large economies, known as the G8 is taking food security in Africa seriously, according to Kanayo Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
Mr Nwanze on Wednesday briefed the press on the G8's New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition announced in Washington D.C. last week.
Le Directeur général de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, s’alarme d’un déficit important de financement pour les activités planifiées par la FAO au Sahel et dans la Corne de l’Afrique.
More than 325,000 Somali children may die in the coming months if funds are not raised to provide them with life saving nutrition, according to the UN Children's fund UNICEF.
UNICEF says its 2012 Somalia appeal is $289 million, but it has only managed to raise about $30 million.
Malnutrition has dropped in the Turkana region in northwestern Kenya according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
UNICEF spokesperson Marixie Mercado says that recent nutrition surveys in the drought-affected areas of Kenya show that security has helped to feed the most vulnerable people.
Humanitarian operations in Somalia should continue in order to help the four million people still in need of assistance, according to Mark Bowden, the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.
He warned that famine, which threatened 750,000 people last year, could still return to the Horn of Africa country if it doesn’t get the help it needs.
Somali children are one group of people who have suffered in 2011 in a country that has continued to grapple with famine, drought and conflict.
Some of the children are being used as child soldiers by various armed including the Al Shabaab insurgents who are battling the forces of the Transitional Federal Government or TFG.
Six années consécutives de sécheresse ont aggravé les problèmes d’eau à Djibouti, l’un des pays du monde où les ressources en eau sont les plus limitées. Il n’y tombe en moyenne que 150 mm de pluie par an. Près de la moitié des habitants des régions rurales n’ont pas accès à l’eau potable.
A Djibouti, la lutte contre l’insécurité alimentaire passe par les cantines scolaires. L’Envoyé spécial de la Radio des Nations Unies s’est rendu dans la région de Dikhil. Dikhil ou région de l’unité, à cause de la parfaite harmonie des communautés. Mais derrière cette description de carte postale, les conséquences de la sécheresse sont visibles, avec surtout un important exode rural des populations.
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A Djibouti, le camp de réfugiés somaliens d’Ali Addeh existe depuis 1990. Ces dernières années, il accueillait près de 7000 réfugiés et désormais ils sont plus de 20 000 réfugiés, majoritairement des Somaliens, mais aussi des Erythréens et des Ethiopiens.
La sécheresse de cet été a poussé des milliers de familles à traverser la frontière. Près de 1000 Somaliens arrivaient chaque mois en juillet 2011.
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Malnutrition is threatening the lives of thousands of children in Djibouti which is suffering from the drought that has hit the Horn of Africa region.
According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), there are now 19,000 children who are being treated for malnutrition at health centres in the country.
The agency says that high food prices are adding to the difficulties for parents to provide food for their children.