Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
This week, on 17 December, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) will mark its 10 year anniversary. Created in 2005, CERF marked an innovative breakthrough in humanitarian funding by Member States of the UN General Assembly as a “fund for all, by all”. It raises and pools funds before the need arises, and provides fast, predictable funding to partners on the frontlines at the onset of a crisis, as well as financing critically underfunded emergencies.
(New York/Mogadishu, 10 October 2014) The humanitarian operation in Somalia requires urgent scale-up. We are in a race against time to save lives in areas stricken by drought and conflict.
I am extremely concerned about the humanitarian crisis unfolding in southern, central and north-eastern Somalia. Bakool, Bay, Gedo, Hiraan and Galgaduud have been the most affected. Families in these communities desperately need water, food and healthcare.
(Mogadishu, 2 September 2014): I am deeply concerned by the serious deterioration in the food security situation in Somalia. The new assessment findings by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network reflect a significant decline, owing to a lethal mix of drought, surging food prices and conflict.
Mogadishu, 13 August 2014 - Good afternoon distinguished representatives of the Security Council. I am pleased to welcome you to Somalia and for this opportunity to brief you on the humanitarian situation in Somalia, on behalf of the members of the Somalia Humanitarian Country team, who are here today.
(Genève, le 12 Juin 2014): L'ONU et ses partenaires ont lancé un plan stratégique d'intervention humanitaire d’une durée de deux ans pour répondre aux besoins de 250 000 personnes à Djibouti et les aider à se remettre sur pieds. Parmi la population ciblée, 162 500 sont des ressortissants de Djibouti, 27 500 sont des réfugiés et 60 000 sont des migrants principalement originaires de Somalie et d'Ethiopie.
(Geneva, 12 June 2014): The UN and partners have launched a two-year humanitarian Strategic Response Plan to respond to the needs of 250,000 people in Djibouti to help them get back on their feet. Of the targeted population, 162,500 are Djibouti nationals, 27,500 are refugees and 60,000 are migrants mainly from Somalia and Ethiopia.
This paper explores the role of the private sector in humanitarian action in Kenya. Kenya was selected as a case study because it has a vibrant and innovative private sector, a history of severe and repeated humanitarian crises, notably drought in the country’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), and a track record of public–private partnerships for humanitarian action that have exploited new technologies and experimented with new models of fundraising.
The 2011 drought and famine affected approximately 4 million people across Somalia. As many as 260,000 people died and thousands of people were displaced within the country and across the borders. Istahil Ali Gamadid’s family was of those driven from their homes. Istahil, a mother of eight, hails from Libasagaale village in the Waqooyi-Galbeed region of Somaliland.
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The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3.2 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.
Strong winds and heavy rains in Puntland leave an unknown number of people dead and thousands affected.
Outlook for food security remains cautious in parts of Somalia due to erratic rains.
Humanitarian air service seeks urgent funding to maintain its support to humanitarian activities.
A recent food security alert by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) suggests below average Deyr (October- December) rainfall in Somalia, which could result in elevated food insecurity in agro-pastoral areas of Bakool, Bay and Hiraan regions of Somalia. For Hiraan in particular, which received poor (April-June) rains, the situation could be worse as the harvest was only 35 per cent of the expected production. Humanitarian agencies are preparing contingency plans to meet the anticipated need in these areas.
An estimated 870,000 people require urgent humanitarian assistance while an additional 2.3 million require livelihood support until the end of the year. This is the lowest number ever since famine was declared in 2011 according to a joint report by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). This reduction is attributed to successive seasons of average to above average rainfall, low food prices and sustained humanitarian response.
1. Executive Summary
Famine conditions were still present in parts of southern Somalia when the 2012 humanitarian appeal for Somalia was launched in December 2011. On 3 February 2012, the famine was declared over, largely due to the delivery of aid under extremely difficult conditions and the exceptional harvest at the start of the year. With carry-over funding from 2011 and continued generous support in the months following the famine, humanitarian actors were able to build on the gains.
The 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa left 13.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. CERF funds have been used to address the crisis as rainfall levels diminished towards the end of 2010. More than US$128 million was allocated to drought-affected persons in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2011. In 2012, another $20 million, followed by $21 million in 2013, was allocated to the region – mostly through the Underfunded Emergency window. Since 2011, CERF has disbursed a total of $169.8 million to the Horn of Africa.
The 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa left 13.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. CERF funds have been used to alleviate the crisis as food insecurity increased due to limited rain fall at the end of 2010. More than US$128 million was allocated to drought-affected persons in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2011.
The Somalia crisis remains one of the largest and most complex in the world. Moreover, a shortfall in funding jeopardizes efforts to build Somalis‟ resilience to shocks.
Nairobi (19 July 2013) The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator (RC/HC) for Somalia, Philippe Lazzarini, has expressed his appreciation to the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for allocating Somalia US$20 million for underfunded emergencies to support vital humanitarian aid for one year. Somalia was allocated the highest funding out of a total $72 million apportioned to 12 countries categorized as neglected crises around the world.