Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
A variety of natural hazards—including cyclical drought, floods, and environmental degradation—are endemic to the East and Central Africa (ECA) region, where conflict, rapid population growth, and limited government response capacity have compounded humanitarian needs over the last decade. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S.
KUWAIT, Aug 18 (KUNA) -- Kuwait's prominent contributions to the humanitarian field had an international impact and recognition, as the UN celebrates the World Humanitarian Day on Wednesday August 19.
Kuwait had been providing humanitarian aid all over the world ahead of its independence, however, the contributions and efforts had strongly developed since His Highness the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah came into position in 2006.
Kenya is a disaster-prone country in need of strengthened emergency preparedness and response capacities.
The number of food insecure people has increased from 1.3 million in the beginning of 2014, to now 1.5 million. This is due to the two successive poor rain seasons compounded by localised conflict and high food prices.
Insecurity and the associated disruption of markets and income earning opportunities are likely to further worsen the food security and nutrition situation.
UN Secretary-General, WBG and IsDBG Presidents, and other Agency Heads Visit Region to Link Peace Efforts with Economic Progress
Mogadishu, 13 August 2014 - Good afternoon distinguished representatives of the Security Council. I am pleased to welcome you to Somalia and for this opportunity to brief you on the humanitarian situation in Somalia, on behalf of the members of the Somalia Humanitarian Country team, who are here today.
Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the ECA region. Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S.
The food security outlook has improved marginally compared to September 2013 but a significant part of the population is living in precarious conditions and remains at risk of sliding back into crisis. The nutrition situation for children under five remains very critical, particularly in the southern regions worst hit by famine in 2011.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3.2 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.
- MAJOR CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
In order to match the needs and current context in the Horn of Africa, it was decided to enable a transfer of EUR 1 900 000 from the Food Aid Budget Line to the Humanitarian Aid Budget Line.
This change aims at better reflecting the realities of the projects selected in the different countries.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.
Strong winds and heavy rains in Puntland leave an unknown number of people dead and thousands affected.
Outlook for food security remains cautious in parts of Somalia due to erratic rains.
Humanitarian air service seeks urgent funding to maintain its support to humanitarian activities.
A recent food security alert by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) suggests below average Deyr (October- December) rainfall in Somalia, which could result in elevated food insecurity in agro-pastoral areas of Bakool, Bay and Hiraan regions of Somalia. For Hiraan in particular, which received poor (April-June) rains, the situation could be worse as the harvest was only 35 per cent of the expected production. Humanitarian agencies are preparing contingency plans to meet the anticipated need in these areas.
Approximately 870,000 people are experiencing Crisis- and Emergency-level—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC 3) and IPC4, respectively—food insecurity in Somalia, according to FSNAU, representing the lowest food insecurity levels since the 2011/2012 drought and famine crisis. However, the U.N. warns that recent food security gains are fragile, with nearly 2.3 million additional people still in danger of reverting to Crisis-level food insecurity.
Baltimore, October 21, 2013 — The Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya are currently home to more than 470,000 people. That’s down slightly from the nearly 500,000 living there at the height of the East Africa drought and food crisis two years ago, but still vastly more than the 90,000 people it was built to accommodate.
An estimated 870,000 people require urgent humanitarian assistance while an additional 2.3 million require livelihood support until the end of the year. This is the lowest number ever since famine was declared in 2011 according to a joint report by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). This reduction is attributed to successive seasons of average to above average rainfall, low food prices and sustained humanitarian response.
1. Executive Summary
Famine conditions were still present in parts of southern Somalia when the 2012 humanitarian appeal for Somalia was launched in December 2011. On 3 February 2012, the famine was declared over, largely due to the delivery of aid under extremely difficult conditions and the exceptional harvest at the start of the year. With carry-over funding from 2011 and continued generous support in the months following the famine, humanitarian actors were able to build on the gains.
The overall food security situation has improved but remains very fragile;
Emergency conditions persist in Somalia;
Security is an issue in Somalia and in refugee camps in Kenya and Ethiopia. Access to vulnerable people in border areas is restricted;
Apart from delivering emergency aid, the main challenge for governments and international community is to jointly contribute to building resilience to drought and tackling the underlying structural weaknesses.