Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
New UNHCR report says global forced displacement at an 18-year high
A report released today by UNHCR, the UN’s refugee agency, says that more people are refugees or internally displaced than at any time since 1994(1), with the crisis in Syria having emerged as a major new factor in global displacement.
Addis Ababa January 10/2013 Germany has made available in 2012 additional 41.5 million Euro for the areas of food security, drought resilience and participatory forest management in Ethiopia, Embassy of Germany here said. According to a statement the Embassy sent to ENA, in addition one million Euro humanitarian assistance has been provided in the area of food assistance to Somali, Eritrean and Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia. The statement said the fund will be implemented by German and international development agencies.
By ROSEMARY MIRONDO Special Correspondent
Posted Saturday, August 25 2012 at 18:23
The funds will be used in the Southern zone, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Iringa, Mbeya and Coast, Morogoro, regions.
The Minister for Agriculture and Food Security Christopher Chiza said the funds will go towards improving infrastructure, electricity supply and supporting agriculture development.
BERLIN – The humanitarian situation in the Sahel and in the Horn of Africa remains tense in many places. In view of the current situation in the Sahel region and around Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya, German Development Minister Dirk Niebel made the following statement:
Reaffirming its commitment and support, the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany signed an agreement with IGAD to enhance the capacity of the organization to achieve its mandate and increase drought resilience in the region.
The Executive Secretary of IGAD, Eng. Mahboub Maalim, who signed the agreement in the presence of Mr. Mathias Richter, The Chargé d'affaires of the German Embassy of Djibouti, underlined the long friendship and cooperation between IGAD and Germany.
Mogadishu – At the conclusion of his unannounced visit to the Somali capital of Mogadishu German Development Minister Dirk Niebel said:
Agriculture minister Dr. Sally Kosgei flagged off a total of 490MT of drought tolerant seeds, worth ksh78.8million donated by the German government for planting during the short rains season in the Eastern region of Ukambani counties.
Dr. Kosgei at the same time thanked the German government for providing a grant of ksh114million for the purchase of relief seeds and construction of water harvesting structures in drought affected areas of Lower Eastern.
With a view to giving the German government's development policy an even more targeted and efficient focus on fighting global hunger, Minister Dirk Niebel has set up a Food Security Task Force. "The famine in the Horn of Africa mercilessly exposes the long-standing failure of many countries in the South and of the international community to address hunger effectively. We now need to concentrate all our resources in order to change this.
Dirk Niebel, German Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, today met with Kenya's President, Mwai Kibaki. During their talks, it emerged that the hunger crisis in Kenya and its neighbouring countries has been getting worse. Not only is Kenya trying to provide relief to its own people affected by the drought but is also having to cope with the steadily growing stream of refugees from Somalia.
Markus Löning, the Federal Government Commissioner for Human Rights Policy and Humanitarian Aid at the Federal Foreign Office, issued the following statement in Berlin today (8 August) on the situation in the Horn of Africa:
“I am deeply shocked and appalled by the horrific images from Ethiopia, Kenya, and above all Somalia, with which we are confronted every day.
Drought in the Horn of Africa has left 12.4 million people in need of help. While international attention to the emergency has peaked in recent weeks, CERF funds have been addressing the crisis since rainfalls failed at the end of 2010. More than $94 million dollars has been allocated to drought-affected countries this year.
The German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development will be making available another 15 million euros to help the people affected by the drought in the Horn of Africa.
The persistent drought in the Horn of Africa has exacerbated the existing humanitarian emergency in the region.
In Somalia in particular, people are suffering under the drought and under the consequences of decades of conflict. But the disastrous drought is also taking its toll on Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. The cause is lack of rain, but also structural development deficits. Disasters of this dimension can be prevented by targeted efforts to strengthen agricultural sectors.