Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
The food security outlook has improved marginally compared to September 2013 but a significant part of the population is living in precarious conditions and remains at risk of sliding back into crisis. The nutrition situation for children under five remains very critical, particularly in the southern regions worst hit by famine in 2011.
Education was interrupted and school time lost in areas affected by disasters such as conflict, floods and drought in Kenya. These disasters put many children at risk, exposing them to dangerous and rapidly changing situations. The education cluster was reactivated in 2013, and carried out several activities to strengthen emergency preparedness and response so as to ensure continuity of education in emergencies
Somalia - As internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees return to Somalia’s Jowhar and Balad districts, IOM is working to facilitate their reintegration by strengthening the absorption capacity of the two communities.
The IDPs are Somalis who have mostly been displaced from the Middle Shabelle region by floods and clan conflicts. Others have come from Mogadishu due to the lack of job opportunities in the capital.
HOW OXFAM WORKS IN SOMALIA
Oxfam works with Somali partners to rebuild sustainable livelihoods provide humanitarian assistance, advocate for education for all and promote active citizenship and gender justice in Somalia. Oxfam uses an integrated approach to implementing projects, working across emergency response, development, and campaigns to achieve a greater impact. We do this through:
• Rights-based approaches to ensure that the Somali people are accorded basic human rights, and have the ability and capacity to stand up for their rights
KEY HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS ￼
• Successive seasons of near to above average rainfall in most parts of Somalia, low food prices and continued humanitarian response have brought down the number of people requiring urgent, life- saving humanitarian assistance from its peak of four million during the 2011 famine to an estimated 857,000.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
•Two consecutive favourable rainy season benefited pasture and livestock
•Prices of cereals are stable while vegetable prices decline
•Improvements seen in food access for vulnerable pastoralists, but food assistance is still needed
Food consumption increased in much of the country following an above-average Meher harvest
The 2011 drought and famine affected approximately 4 million people across Somalia. As many as 260,000 people died and thousands of people were displaced within the country and across the borders. Istahil Ali Gamadid’s family was of those driven from their homes. Istahil, a mother of eight, hails from Libasagaale village in the Waqooyi-Galbeed region of Somaliland.
Read the full story on OCHA
There is an increasing awareness that enormous change is on-going in the arid lands. the next ten years will be a period of transition and new opportunities, as families who struggle to make ends meet, continue to try to educate and feed their children and search for jobs in the rural towns. Future aspirations are being shaped by the on-going changes. in the aftermath of the drought and famine of 2011, capturing and understanding these changes was a starting point in efforts to work differently and better.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3.2 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.
Concern Worldwide’s learning from the Sahel and the Horn of Africa September 2013
This paper suggests that building community resilience to food and nutrition crises is key to promoting a sustainable development agenda in drought prone regions. It argues that, in order to reverse trends of chronic poverty and malnutrition, radical change is needed in domestic and donor policy. This includes fully integrating disaster preparedness, risk reduction and resilience strategies within development policies.
The Republic of Djibouti occupies a strategic position in the East and Horn of Africa region. It borders Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia and opens onto the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The country is politically stable and constitutes an island of peace and protection in a region marred by recurrent conflicts. Djibouti is also a hub for international naval forces combating piracy in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes stretching from the Gulf of Aden to the Indian Ocean.
The Sultanate of Oman has sent humanitarian aid to for the drought-hit people of Djibouti. The aid items included 42 tonnes of medicines, two ambulances, 20 tonnes of medical equipments, including X-rays, ultrasound and ECG machines among other things. Omani authorities have had discussion with Djibouti officials about the needs of their people and Omani aid is designed to address Djibouti requirements, Ali Ibrahim Shenoon al Raisi, Executive Chairman, Oman Charitable Organisation (OCO), told the Observer. Children are particularly vulnerable to the impact of the drought.
Djibouti occupies a strategic position in the East and Horn of Africa region. The country is politically stable and hosts an international military presence. It is a hub for naval forces combating piracy in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes, where the Red Sea joins the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
Djibouti is also located at the crossroads linking Africa to the Middle East.
Posted on Thu, Dec-26-2013
When Faadumo Cabdi Coofle arrived at Mohamed Mooge A, a settlement for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Somaliland, two and a half years ago, she was pregnant with her sixth child. Her dreams had been consumed by a drought that engulfed some villages in the northern region of Somaliland and wiped out most of the livestock that her family depended on for their livelihood.
- MAJOR CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
In order to match the needs and current context in the Horn of Africa, it was decided to enable a transfer of EUR 1 900 000 from the Food Aid Budget Line to the Humanitarian Aid Budget Line.
This change aims at better reflecting the realities of the projects selected in the different countries.
by Mark Lang
Almaz Santa has come a long way since drought in Ethiopia two years ago pushed her to the edge of survival.
Back then she would walk miles every day in a desperate search for firewood to sell to earn money to feed her children.
‘I used to cry out to God as I thought he had forgotten me,’ recalls the mother of six children aged between four and 15.
Thanks to supporters of Tearfund’s emergency appeal for East Africa, our partner the Wolaitta Kale Heywet Church brought Almaz back from the brink.