Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
In 2001-2012, Somalia was affected by famine. The complex humanitarian situation in Somalia triggered by the collapse of the Somali state in 1991 continues. Protracted conflict, coupled with cyclical drought, floods and disease outbreaks, continue to place half of the country`s 8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance or livelihoods support. Somalia remains a failed state, and public service infrastructure, including health and education is either weak or non-existent.
(Genève, le 12 Juin 2014): L'ONU et ses partenaires ont lancé un plan stratégique d'intervention humanitaire d’une durée de deux ans pour répondre aux besoins de 250 000 personnes à Djibouti et les aider à se remettre sur pieds. Parmi la population ciblée, 162 500 sont des ressortissants de Djibouti, 27 500 sont des réfugiés et 60 000 sont des migrants principalement originaires de Somalie et d'Ethiopie.
(Geneva, 12 June 2014): The UN and partners have launched a two-year humanitarian Strategic Response Plan to respond to the needs of 250,000 people in Djibouti to help them get back on their feet. Of the targeted population, 162,500 are Djibouti nationals, 27,500 are refugees and 60,000 are migrants mainly from Somalia and Ethiopia.
Addis Ababa May 28/2014 Ethiopia is on the threshold of becoming food self-sufficient as it has been bolstering production and productivity during the past two decades, Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn disclosed.
Speaking at the concluding ceremony of the 23rd Anniversary of the Victory of May 28 held at the Addis Ababa Stadium, the premier said the success was made possible as the programs designed to ensure food security at household level have been realized during the last two decades.
So what do community based adaptation look like? And how do we think about them? This issue offers exactly this from global to local and East to West directions.
Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the ECA region. Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Led by Oxford Policy Management (OPM) with support from Concern Worldwide, this research aims to answer the key question: Are electronic transfers more cost-efficient than traditional manual based cash delivery methods, and under what conditions?
The fourth edition of ‘Shelter Projects’, is launched at a time when shelter is more relevant than ever as an instrument of humanitarian response. The case studies in this edition reflect the on-going challenges posed by responses to complex emergencies such as Haiti and Pakistan as well as new challenges derived from unprecedented level of population displacement in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East.
Summary: On 5 August 2011 IFRC and ERCS launched the Preliminary Drought Emergency Appeal for CHF 10,978,250 to assist 165,000 beneficiaries with humanitarian assistance over 6 months. To address increasing needs at the time, the appeal was revised on 26 September 2011 to 28,408,085 CHF (25,408,085 CHF plus 3,000,000 CHF for bilateral emergency response support) to assist approximately 570,000 beneficiaries over 12 months in Oromia, Afar and Somali regions.
By Denis McClean
NAIROBI, March 31 - UNISDR today welcomed the outcome of East Africa’s Second Drought Resilience Summit as an important contribution to next month’s Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and preparing for a future in which climate change will amplify existing stress on water availability in Africa.
This year the DEC has launched an extremely important appeal for Syria, and continued its work in three major responses: East Africa, Pakistan and Haiti, each of which was amongst our very largest appeals.
In East Africa, where a lethal combination of drought, conflict and environmental failure caused the first famine of the 21st century, DEC funded work has reached over 2.3m people. The huge humanitarian effort in the region has been broadly successful but the crisis has highlighted serious issues with the world’s ability to respond to very clear early warnings of disaster.
The sprawling settlements that dot the landscape of Dadaab area, and the ever-burgeoning number of refugee communities that populate them, has over the years, negatively affected the host communities.
The UNHCR has shown great irresponsibility by keeping quiet as the destruction has been going on. Ironically, it has one of the biggest offices at Dadaab.
By Abdullahi Diriye
By Fred Oluoch
Somali refugees began voluntarily going home recently after an agreement between the government of Kenya, Somalia and UNHCR. Fred Oluoch talked with the country representative Raouf Mazou about their resettlement in Somalia.
Do you think the tripartite agreement between the governments of Kenya and Somalia; and the UNHCR to repatriate Somali refugees was timely?
This paper explores the role of the private sector in humanitarian action in Kenya. Kenya was selected as a case study because it has a vibrant and innovative private sector, a history of severe and repeated humanitarian crises, notably drought in the country’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), and a track record of public–private partnerships for humanitarian action that have exploited new technologies and experimented with new models of fundraising.
When the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition was launched in 2012, President Obama and others pledged to leverage technology’s transformative potential by taking innovation to scale.
Nashon Tado (26.02.2014)
NRC in collaboration with the Somaliland Ministry of Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction held a successful handing over of the Digaale resettlement project in a ceremony held at the Digaale Community Centre in Hargeisa this week.