Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
In response to the destruction of rural livelihoods due to severe drought and rising food prices throughout the country, CERF has allocated $3 million for humanitarian response in Djibouti.
I share the fears and concerns that many Somalis have expressed about the failure of the Deyr rains.
Summary: The intended early phasing-out of the five-year Exceptional Food Security Crisis appeal in May 2010, announced in Operations Update no. 3, was extended to the end of December 2010 to allow sufficient time for completion of pending activities in Ethiopia. As this operation was based on a holistic, long-term approach to address food security issues, it was impossible to cover the wide range of intended rehabilitation and recovery activities with the low funding received. Therefore, only a limited scope of activities has been implemented overall.
SADC Regional Agricultural Policy
Drought (Early Warning, Early Action)
For Immediate Release
[NAIROBI, 7 January 2011] The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Mr. Mark Bowden, has expressed concern about the unfolding drought situation in Somalia and has called for humanitarian access to the most affected areas.
The 2010 short rains (Deyr season - October to December) failed in most parts of Somalia. Since Somalia is highly rainfall dependent, a further deterioration in the humanitarian situation is expected in the coming months.
Les différents travaux sur la sécurité des acteurs humanitaires classent la Somalie parmi les contextes opérationnels les plus dangereux du Monde avec l’Afghanistan, le Darfour et, depuis peu, le Tchad.
Le danger est en effet permanent pour les acteurs et ces derniers ont payé un prix élevé pour leur engagement auprès des populations somaliennes. Si le nombre d’incidents a diminué entre 2009 et 2008, passant d’environ 120 incidents sérieux à 70, c’est essentiellement lié à la diminution très forte de la présence des humanitaires sur le terrain.