Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
Despite slightly better rainfall at the end of 2014, seven years of drought have put Djibouti’s population under severe stress. Child survival in Djibouti remains at risk due to food insecurity, inadequate care practices, constrained basic social services and a proliferation of communicable diseases including malaria and measles. In December 2013, 17.8 per cent of children under-five suffered from wasting and 5.7 per cent were severely acutely malnourished – largely exceeding WHO emergency thresholds of 15 and 2 per cent respectively.
The Horn of Africa comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda covers approximately 5.2 million square kilometers with more than 65% of the land receiving less than 500mm of rainfall annually. This region is home to over 217 million people with diverse and rich culture, resources and opportunities which have enabled them to harness livelihoods over the years.
“The humanitarian situation, response and its linkages with resilience and longer-term solutions”
Your Excellency Minister Bare,
State Secretary for Development Policy Hermann,
Ladies and Gentlemen
NAIROBI, Nov 17 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Aid workers in Somalia, which faces worsening hunger three years after famine struck the country, believe the humanitarian system is "rotten" and are hamstrung by fears of being prosecuted for aiding terrorists, an expert said.
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The Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) was conducted over the period from February until June 2014 with the aim of obtaining a better understanding of the situation, needs, risks, capacities and vulnerabilities of asylum seekers and refugees with regards to their food and nutrition security as well as livelihood opportunities, and providing recommendations for the next 6 to 12 months. This JAM report aims to provide information for programming through the design of a joint -programme cycle for UN agencies and their partners under the coordination of the Government of Zimbabwe.
27 octobre 2014 – Lors d'une visite lundi dans la Corne de l'Afrique, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Ban Ki-moon, le Président de la Banque mondiale, Jim Yong Kim, et des représentants de plusieurs organisations internationales et régionales de développement ont annoncé lundi une aide financière de 8 milliards de dollars au cours des prochaines années pour la région.
- The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 15 of Security Council resolution 2158 (2014), in which the Council requested me to keep it informed of the implementation of the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) every 120 days. The report covers major developments that occurred from 1 May to 31 August 2014.
UN Secretary-General, WBG and IsDBG Presidents, and other Agency Heads Visit Region to Link Peace Efforts with Economic Progress
(New York/Mogadishu, 10 October 2014) The humanitarian operation in Somalia requires urgent scale-up. We are in a race against time to save lives in areas stricken by drought and conflict.
I am extremely concerned about the humanitarian crisis unfolding in southern, central and north-eastern Somalia. Bakool, Bay, Gedo, Hiraan and Galgaduud have been the most affected. Families in these communities desperately need water, food and healthcare.
Four recent extreme weather events – the 2010 heat wave in Russia, the flooding in Pakistan in the same year, the 2010–2011 drought in East Africa and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013 – were notable for their intensity, duration, and impacts on livelihoods and food security.
More than 1 million people in Somalia are facing acute food insecurity, and the situation in the country is beginning to resemble the period prior to the famine in 2011. At that time, the international community was unprepared for the scale of the crisis, and that mistake must not be repeated, warns the Danish Refugee Council.
A combination of instability, drought and increased food prices now poses a serious threat to IDPs and other vulnerable groups in Somalia with 1 million people are at risk.
Latest findings from a joint assessment by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU), the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and other partners indicate that an estimated 1 025 000 people across Somalia are experiencing acute food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) from August to December 2014. Over 2.1 million additional people are in acute food insecurity Stressed (IPC Phase 2) conditions.
A 20 percent increase since January 2014
2 September 2014, Nairobi/Washington - The gradual recovery and gains made since the end of the famine in 2012 are being lost as poor rains, conflict, trade disruptions and reduced humanitarian assistance led to a worsening of the food security situation across Somalia. Acute malnutrition increased in many parts of the country, particularly among children.
The situation is likely to continue deteriorating further until the start of the Deyr rains in October.
(Mogadishu, 2 September 2014): I am deeply concerned by the serious deterioration in the food security situation in Somalia. The new assessment findings by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network reflect a significant decline, owing to a lethal mix of drought, surging food prices and conflict.
- Brief description of the emergency and impact
The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains dire with drought alerts being sounded. In February, the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit-Somalia (FSNAU)1 and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)2, indicated that around 860,000 people would remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3)3 and higher phases through June 2014. There are reports that over 300,000 malnourished children in Somalia and a total nearing a million people are in need of life-saving help.
Authors: Daniel Maxwell, Nisar Majid
Mogadishu, 13 August 2014 - Good afternoon distinguished representatives of the Security Council. I am pleased to welcome you to Somalia and for this opportunity to brief you on the humanitarian situation in Somalia, on behalf of the members of the Somalia Humanitarian Country team, who are here today.
Training Africans to increase sales and grow small agricultural businesses
PHOENIX (August 5, 2014) – President Barack Obama spoke to 50 African leaders at the U.S.-Africa Business Forum in Washington D.C. from Aug. 4-6, to promote Africa’s economic growth in business and foreign investment. President Obama rallied support for Africa’s upcoming generation in creating business opportunities.
On July 20, 2011, the UN declared a famine in South Central Somalia, which killed some 260,000 people (Checchi and Robinson 2013). Though Somalia was the worst affected country, the crisis was region-wide in its impact. This Desk Review covers the contents of some 180 documents on the crisis that were reviewed in detail, out of a total of over 500 documents initially screened. These include reports, evaluations, assessments, and in some cases, peer-reviewed journal articles and books.