Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock: Opening Remarks at the Launch of the 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan and the Resilience and Recovery Framework
- Looking back to move forward: Building on learning from 2011 to strengthen the 2017 drought response in Somalia: Report from an inter-agency reflection workshop
- Lesson learned? An urgent call for action in the Horn of Africa, January 2017
- Learning from experience: a summarised review of early warning systems
- Stories of Impact: Building Capacity for Drought Resilience in Tanzania
Amun Osman |
“Working on the farm reminds me of my father. I used to help him and he taught me everything I know,” says Bishara Abdi, a 74-year-old farmer in Bonkay village in south-central Somalia.
“Today I am teaching my grandson, so that the future generation can continue to learn.”
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is helping Abdi and her grandson to improve their crop yields during times of drought in the country. Like most communities in this region, Bonkay has been hit hard.
Fleeing drought and hunger
This report provides a summary of the discussions that took place during a half-day reflection workshop in May 2017. More than 40 people from national and international NGOs, the UN, donors and research organisations came together to consider lessons from the 2011 drought response, reflect on the use of cash transfer programming (CTP) in the current response and agree actions to strengthen existing work.
This paper was produced for a meeting of the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 19-21 January 2017
SUMMARY – KEY MESSAGES
• The failure of the 2016 October-December rains across parts of the Horn of Africa has led to a devastating drought in Somalia, south-eastern Ethiopia, and northern and eastern Kenya. More than 15 million people in these three countries are facing food and water shortages, and famine is now a possibility in Somalia.