India/Bangladesh: Drought - Jul 2009
It is time we stop a hazard from becoming a disaster. Local communities have the knowledge and resilience.
Swati MathurSwati Mathur, TNN
BANDA: When Sushil Kumar heard that the government was about to offer drought-hit farmers compensation in the form of monetary relief, his hopes rose. Production may have been poor, but all was not lost. With the compensation amount he would get, Kumar thought he would buy better seeds to sow for the next cropping season. And if there was still any extra left, he may even consider buying a thresher.
Distribution of fish fingerlings in Cyclone Aila-affected regions of West Bengal
ACTED has been working on a disaster recovery and preparedness programme in Cyclone Aila-affected regions of the Sunderbans in West Bengal, India, since February 2010.
Although most of the beneficiaries of this region- the largest delta in the world and covering parts of India and Bangladesh - are poor, they have access to fresh water ponds and so fishing is a huge source of food and income for them.
Dhaka, Bangladesh - Bangladesh's vulnerability to climate change was a key focus of the three day visit of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Helen Clark.
During the visit, the Administrator met with Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and other senior ministers in her cabinet, the speaker of Parliament, and the leader of the opposition.
"On the MDGs, Bangladesh has much to be proud of," said Helen Clark.
LONDON, 15 November 2010 (IRIN) - Academics may call it "self-supply of ground water"; those who benefit from it are more likely to refer to "having their own well". Either way, it is a crucial part of the water supply to cities in the developing world, and one which is almost entirely absent from official statistics.
Now a new study from the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) urges that much more …
HANOI, 12 November 2010 (IRIN) - Millions more people across Asia will become food insecure due to increased water scarcities, reinforcing the need for greater efficiency in both irrigated and rain-fed rice production.
"The food security of hundreds of millions of people will be adversely affected," Robert Zeigler, director-general of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) told IRIN on the sidelines of the 3rd International Rice Congress in Hanoi.
The five-day conference - which concluded on 12 November - brought together more than 1,200 farmers, scientists …
Middle East and North Africa most at risk
Huge areas of land mass within Australia, India, China and USA are highlighted as suffering extreme pressure on their renewable water supplies by a new index and map that evaluate water stress down to 50km=B2 worldwide.
The Water Stress Index is developed by global risks advisory firm Maplecroft to identify the risks to governments, populations and business.
02 Nov 2010 10:42:00 GMT
Written by: AlertNet correspondent
By Manipadma Jena
HYDERABAD, India (AlertNet) - Until 10 years ago, the six acres of land Dappu Pulya owns with his younger brother in India's drought-prone state of Andhra Pradesh produced nothing but debt.
The brothers took out loan after loan to buy seeds, pesticides and fertilizers but their crops failed as the monsoons came late or less rain fell.
The country remains extremely vulnerable to both seismic and hydro-meteorological hazards such as floods, cyclones, droughts and landslides. The vulnerability to disasters is aggravated by social, cultural, economic, institutional and political factors. Deforestation is adding to the environmental instability and contributing to global warming and climate change. There is evidence that climate change is increasing the severity and frequency of natural disasters such as floods and cyclones, and causing new and increased health problems.
DHAKA, 20 September 2010 (IRIN) - Ongoing wrangling over vital waterways that pass through China and India - the two most populous countries in the world - could lead to agricultural devastation further downstream in Bangladesh, experts warn.
The Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers - together one of the largest freshwater flows in the world - pass through Bangladesh on their way to the ocean, but the rivers' catchments are outside the country, leaving the impoverished nation to rely on neighbours to allow water through.
However, with neighbours under pressure from population …
BANGKOK (UN/ESCAP Information Services)-- The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), today launched in to service a Regional Cooperative Mechanism on Drought Monitoring and Early Warning in Nanjing, China.
The Mechanism provides satellite products for general drought monitoring and higher resolution products for identified high drought risk areas, and assists its members in developing localized products and services for relevant decision making.
NAOGAON, 6 September 2010 (IRIN) - Like many farmers in Bangladesh, Abdul Aziz from Naogaon District in northwestern Bangladesh has had to adapt his plantings to increasingly erratic weather: "Twenty years ago we had a rainy season at this time. Now we don't even know when the seasons come.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- The current main season Kharif crops are growing under normal conditions and a recovery over the drought-affected 2009 is expected.
- Prices of the staple food grains, rice and wheat, are stabilizing at high levels.
- High food and other primary products prices are a cause for concern as food security of low income population is affected negatively.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Good harvest of 2010 paddy and wheat crops estimated
- Food prices have been rising since late-2009 after having returned to pre-food crisis levels
- Localized food insecurity persist
FAO lowers 2010 wheat harvest estimate but supplies adequate
Unfavourable weather conditions,particularly the severe drought in the Russian Federation have led FAO to revise downward its earlier projection for the global wheat crop this year from 676=01million to 651 million tonnes.However, this does not point to a repeat of the 2008 food price crisis as ample stocks are available with traditional wheat exporters, FAO added in a statement.
Mekong region drought to affect 2010 Asian paddy harvest
Drought conditions in the greater Mekong region at the start of the planting season are expected to affect Asia's 2010 paddy harvest according to the latest FAO assessment which lowered earlier projections for the region by 6.1 million tonnes. Reductions are expected in Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand as well as in the Philippines and China.
A SURVEY OF LITERATURE
A small but rapidly expanding field is the one of 'environmental security'. According to this thesis a scarcity of natural resources can lead to conflicts and violence. Particularly in developing countries which face a shortage of resources, or are unable to tap their natural resources to the best of their abilities due to lack of funds or relevant technology, this scarcity can have security implications and these security implications can lead to regional instability and security issues.
Research Officer, IPCS
Bangladesh, Cambodia and the Maldives recently signed an agreement with the European Union (EU), which is aimed at assisting developing countries, particularly Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in Asia to battle the onslaught of climate change. As per the agreement, the EU will provide 13.5 million Euros to the three countries, of which the biggest chunk, 8.5 million, will be granted to Bangladesh with the remaining amount being distributed among the other two.
By Syful Islam
DHAKA, Bangladesh (AlertNet) - Without adequate intervention, rice production in Bangladesh could see a dramatic decline by 2050 due to the impacts of climate change, even as population is projected to continue rising, researchers say.
"Bangladesh faces formidable challenges to feed its population in the future," note the authors of a new report on adapting Bangladesh's agriculture to climate change.
And the problems may extend well beyond the densely populated, …