Syria: Drought - Sep 2008
Oct 27, 2015 by Bruce Campbell (CCAFS) and Lisa Goddard (IRI)
New research indicates that the Syrian refugee crisis has roots within climate change. How can we ensure that history does not repeat itself in the coming decades of climate turmoil?
By Andreas Sieber
Andreas Sieber, who has worked for several NGOs and the Saxon State Chancellery in Germany, is part of the #Climatetracker project.
STRASBOURG, Sep 10 2015 (IPS) - Climate change has been held responsible many of the social and economic woes affecting mainly the poorest in the global South and now many are seeing it as one of the root causes of refugee crises.
The present guidance aims to ensure that the health sector works with partners in the environment and other related communities, and follow a systematic process to:
By Vivian Tou'meh, SARC
“The drought will place further strain on communities who have already largely exhausted their resources. With low levels of income, purchasing power decreases and so does the standard of living”, says Ali Diab, a water engineer from SARC’s Deir Ezzor branch. “This year’s seasonal drought is expected to be the worst since years, bringing further strain to farmers, affecting harvests and food prices.”
Economics of Climate Change in the Arab World presents detailed case studies on the impacts of climate change in the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, and the Republic of Yemen that were summarized. The Arab region is already being impacted by climate change through more frequent cyclones, floods, and prolonged droughts. Thousands of rural producers have seen their crops and herds devastated by extreme conditions, and have been forced to abandon their traditional way of life and migrate to crowded urban areas.
Continued civil unrest in the Syrian Arab Republic since midMarch 2011 has raised serious concern over the state of food security, particularly for vulnerable groups. Following the unrest, a contraction is forecast in the 2011 real GDP and the downturn is expected to continue in 2012. Economic and trading sanctions together with the strong depreciation of the local currency (Syrian pound) are expected to negatively affect the country’s commercial import capacity, including food commodities.
The second Humanitarian Conference on Syria held on the 4th of March in Cairo was organised jointly by the League of Arab States, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and The Humanitarian Forum. The participants who represented more than 70 humanitarian organisations from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Europe, Gulf countries, the UN, EU and others working in Syria issued the following statement:
We are following with deep concern the ongoing events in Syria and the critical impact they are having on the humanitarian situation in the country.
This report addresses drought, which is considered the major disaster occurring in the Arab region, where the total people affected between the years 1970-2009 by drought is of about 38.09 million. The report focuses on Syria, considered one of the most economically affected countries by drought in the region. The case study provides information on historical droughts in the country between 2000-2010, including data on frequency, vulnerabilities and lessons learned with drought impacts.
Date of publication: 13.12.2011
Prepared by: ACAPS, Geneva
Nature of the crisis: Internal unrest
DUBAI, 26 May 2011 (IRIN) - Several Middle East countries which over the years had failed to prioritize disaster preparedness have established national databases and should now be able to estimate their level of risk and improve response, according to the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) Secretariat.
Human Rights Council
Agenda item 3
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development
The present report contains findings and recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (“right to health”) after his visit to the Syrian Arabic Republic from 7 to 14 November 2010, during which he visited Damascus, Aleppo and Al Hasakah.
Ten Years of Scarce Water (2000 – 2010)
Droughts have been a part of our environment since the beginning of recorded history, and humanity’s survival may be testimony only to its capacity to endure this climatic phenomenon. Drought is considered by many to be the most complex but least understood of all natural hazards, affecting more people than any other hazard (Hagman 1984).
A. Drought: Definitions and Types
Period covered by this Final Report: 26
August 2009 to 31 December 2010
Appeal target (current): CHF 3,255,615
Appeal coverage: 49%;
h This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 26 August 2009 for CHF 3,255,615 for 12 months to assist 260,000 beneficiaries.
h Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF320,856 was initially allocated from the International Federation's DREF to support the National Society to respond.
Lack of stable supplies may lead to future oil price hikes and regional unrest
Extreme water security risks across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) may lead to further increases in global oil prices and heightened political tensions in the future, according to a new study, which rates the region as having the least secure water supplies in the world.
The Water Security Risk Index and map, developed by risk analysis and mapping firm Maplecroft, rates 18 countries at 'extreme risk' with 15 located in …
Damascus (ICRC/Syrian Arab Red Crescent) - The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent have begun to distribute clean drinking water to vulnerable people in the drought-stricken Al-Hassakah governorate and in the neighbouring Deir Al-Zor and Al-Raqah governorates.
"More than 21,000 people are receiving monthly deliveries of water," announced Syrian Arab Red Crescent president Dr Abdelrahman al-Attar.
8 March 2011
The Human Rights Council at a midday meeting held an interactive dialogue with Olivier de Schutter, the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, and Raquel Rolnik, the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination in this context.
Mr. de Schutter said the world had entered in the new era of weather shocks and food prices would still change under the influence of climate change. The question now was how to enable countries to feed themselves.
8 March 2011
Today in France, where I am marking the 100th International Women's Day, I am reminded of all the great women who have changed the world. I have always admired Joan of Arc who was born in my grandmother's village of Domrémy.
Libya in Turmoil: 200,000 flee to neighbouring Countries
The uprising in Libya that began 17 February led to a crisis which is also affecting neighbouring countries particularly Tunisia, Egypt and Niger. The international humanitarian community was at the end of February responding in Libya, although at a limited scale due to high insecurity, as well as across the borders in neighbouring countries in support of the governments. Around 200,000 people, mainly male migrant workers, had fled the country by the end of February
AC son las siglas de Agricultura de Conservación, una innovación metodológica que permite a los más pobres duplicar sus cosechas con técnicas agrícolas poco agresivas que preservan los recursos naturales. Una nueva tendencia que permite innovar conservando.
Acción contra el Hambre está promoviéndola en Bolivia, Paraguay y Colombia.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Despite a yellow rust outbreak, 2010 winter cereal crop production was at good level.
- Lower cereal import requirements forecast in 2010/11 (July/June).
- High food inflation rate from mid-2010
Late onset of rainy season delay planting of 2011 winter crops
Planting of the 2011 winter cereal crops, to be harvested from May/June, has been recently completed. Seasonal rains started late at the beginning of December with negative impact on crop establishment.