Mongolia: Dzud - Jan 2018
In 2017, a prolonged period of severe dry weather between mid-May and end of July, intensified by extreme high temperatures in June, damaged large swatches of cropped areas and caused a severe deterioration of pastures and rangeland conditions. An estimated 80 percent of the country was affected by drought conditions. This resulted in severe yield and area losses of the 2017 crops...The 2017 wheat production is estimated at about 231 000 tonnes, almost half of last year’s high level and over 40 percent less than the five-year average...Drought also caused a severe deterioration of pasture conditions, which prevented livestock to gain fat stores and strengthen core muscle strength, critical to overcome the normally harsh winter/spring months. According to MoFALI data, as of November 2017, overall livestock body condition is 14 percent below average... Harsh winters following summer droughts significantly increase risks for herders to lose their animals. (FAO/WFP, 22 Dec 2017).
As of 20 December 2017, the dzud risk map for winter 2017-2018, published by National Agency of Meteorology and the Environmental Monitoring shows that about 40 percent of the country is at the extreme risk of dzud and about 20 percent of the country is at high risk of dzud. In order to reflect the evolving needs of affected population, to address the recommendation from the final evaluation of previous emergency appeal operation and with the additional funding from donors, MRCS and IFRC revised the operational plan and extended the timeframe. In addition to relief activities, the operation is now supporting Dzud preparedness and National society capacity building by taking account of close consultation with the affected population and relevant authorities. (IFRC, 24 Jan 2018).
On 15 February 2018, IFRC released US$ 277,000 from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund to assist 2,500 herder families facing very severe winter conditions in seven provinces with cash grants or emergency supplies. The emergency helpwill target the hardest-hit households, those with young children, or five or more children, an older person, or someone with a disability. A national total of 141 out of 330 soums and a city are in “dzud condition”; temperatures approaching minus 50 Celsius were expected to continue through February. (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Change, 15 Feb 2018)
Most read reports
- Mongolia - Impact of Early Warning Early Action: Protecting the livelihoods of herders from a dzud winter
- Advancing Understanding of Dzud Risk: a Livestock Mortality Model and Multi-Indicator Dzud Vulnerability Index (MDVI) - October 2018 [EN/MN]
- Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture (April–June 2018)
- New IFRC assistance for herders struggling with extreme winter conditions in Mongolia
- Mongolia Household Economy Assessment (HEA) Baseline Profiles for Sukhbaatar Steppe and Arkhangai High Mountain Livestock Livelihood Zones and Mongolia Scenario Analysis for 2017-18 and 2018-19 [EN/MN]
From Early Warning to Early Action
There is evidence that the intensity and frequency of climate-driven natural disasters and conflicts is increasing. Natural disasters now occur nearly five times as often compared to 40 years ago.
The impact on local economies, on lives and livelihoods, has similarly grown. In some of the worst-hit places, it can seem unrelenting. One crisis will follow another, every time stripping away at the limited assets of poor and vulnerable people, robbing them of their self-reliance and wounding their humanity and dignity.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Above-average cereal production gathered in 2018
Cereal import requirements in 2018/19 forecast at average level
Harsh winter caused severe livestock losses at localized level
Prices of beef and mutton decrease seasonally in August
Above-average cereal production gathered in 2018
Harvesting of the 2018 cereal crops, mostly wheat, was completed at the end of September.
Ulaanbaatar-Kuala Lumpur, 7 July 2018 – This week, representatives from the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, including nineteen National Societies, have joined senior-level government delegations and experts at the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR 2018) to exchange experience and chart the way forward to build resilience and reduce disaster risk across the Asia region.
This report presents the results of HEA (household economy analysis) baselines conducted in October-November 2017 and an HEA outcome analysis (OA) desk-based exercise conducted in January 2018 for two livelihood zones in two provinces of Mongolia.
This work was carried out for People in Need (PIN) in order to gain up-to-date and in depth understanding of the livelihoods and means of survival for different wealth groups in the communities where PIN and Mercy Corps work and the seasonality of livelihoods strategies.
By Patrick Fuller
ULAANBAATAR, 1 July, 2018 - Despite decades of rapid socio-economic development, Asia Pacific remains the most disaster-prone region in the world. In 2017 alone, more than 6,500 people lost their lives following more than 200 disasters that affected 66.7 million people.
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency.
Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently
José Graziano da Silva,
“We felt helpless. We didn’t know what would happen in the future. We didn’t know how we would live,” says Gereltsog, a Steppe herder in Mongolia whose 500 livestock risked being wiped out in the winter of 2016-2017 due to deep snow and lack of feed.“Caritas came at the right moment.”
The IFRC today released US$ 277,000 from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund to enable the Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) to assist 2,500 herder families facing very severe winter conditions in seven provinces with cash grants or emergency supplies.
“The emergency help we’re announcing will target the hardest-hit households, those with young children, or five or more children, an older person, or someone with a disability,” said Gwendolyn Pang, Beijing-based head of the IFRC’s East Asia region.
“It will be enough to cover their essential needs for at least one month.”
Beijing / Kuala Lumpur, 15 February 2018 – Severe winter conditions called Dzud have followed a summer drought, leaving millions of animals at risk of starvation in Mongolia. Without the animals as a source of income, food and transport, herders and their families will remain trapped in severe conditions with a lack of basic health care and social services, or forced to migrate to Ulaanbaatar and live in extreme poverty.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster