Mongolia: Dzud - Dec 2016
It is expected that dzud may mainly affect the northern parts of the country. Currently, 110 soums (townships) in 13 aimags (provinces), which is around 32 per cent of the total number of soums in country, are starting to experience hardship. (IFRC, 17 Dec 2016)
Mongolia’s Deputy Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa called for international help at a special meeting with international aid agencies on 15 December, following the warning issued by the National Emergency Management Agency and National Agency for Meteorology and Environment Monitoring in November. (Save the Children, 20 Dec 2016)
Existing resources and coping mechanisms were reported insufficient and/or severely stretched as a result of the unusual and early snowfall throughout October and November. On 23 December, the Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia issued a letter to the international community in Mongolia calling for financial and technical assistance. (OCHA, 27 Dec 2016)
As of 16 January 2017, severe winter conditions affected an estimated 157,000 people (37,000 herder households) across 17 out of 21 provinces in Mongolia. A drought during the summer of 2016 has depleted herders’ reserves of hay and fodder in the eastern part of the country, putting at risk livestock, which are a vital source of food, transport and income for thousands of people. Multipurpose cash grants to support life-saving basic needs, emergency agricultural inputs and veterinary first aid kits have been identified as priority needs. The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister has established a task force (from January to May) to coordinate the response to the harsh winter conditions. (OCHA, 16 Jan 2017)
United Nations has allocated $1.1 million through its Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to launch a rapid humanitarian response and provide life-saving assistance, which aims to address the most urgent needs of 3,500 poorest and most vulnerable herder households across 36 soums in 13 aimags. (UN Resident Coordinator for Mongolia, 24 Jan 2017)
On 10 February, IFRC launched an emergency appeal for CHF 655,512 to assist 11,264 people for 10 months. (IFRC, 10 Feb 2017)
As of 15 February, the Government of Mongolia is reporting dzud or near dzud conditions in 127 soums of 17 provinces, and two districts of Ulaanbaatar City. It is estimated that 165,282 people (43,579 herder households) are at risk. One quarter are children, pregnant women, people with special needs and elderly people. (UN Resident Coordinator for Mongolia, 27 Feb 2017)
Most read reports
- Leave No One Behind: Disaster Resilience for Sustainable Development - Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2017
- Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (10 - 16 January 2017)
- Mongolia Severe Winter: Humanitarian Report (as of 15 Feb 2017)
- Mongolia: Severe Winter Condition (MDRMN006) Emergency Appeal Operations Update n° 3 - 12 month update
- Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (20 - 27 December 2016)
Description of the disaster
The IFRC said today that with well over half of Mongolia now facing at least a ‘high risk’ of a third consecutive winter dzud, it’s augmenting its operation for the 2016–17 disaster to support preparedness and capacity building with the Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS); this follows “close consultation with the affected population and relevant authorities”.
• 17 December 2016: An information bulletin is issued highlighting the upcoming dzud and its potential impacts. The bulletin informs that more likely, it is the northern part of country that will be most affected.
It also indicates that shortage of food is already impacting more than 16,000 families that had to move to new pastures.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Prolonged drought in 2017 acutely affected crop production and livestock conditions
Wheat import requirements in 2017/18 forecast to sharply increase on reduced output
Prices of beef and mutton decreased seasonally in recent months
Crop production in 2017 acutely affected by severe drought
A severe drought in mid-2017 gravely affected large agricultural producing areas and pasture rangelands.
The 2017 production of wheat, the country's main staple food, is forecast at 231 000 tonnes, almost half of last year’s high level and more than 40 percent lower than the average of the previous five years. The impact on other crops, including potatoes, barley, oats and buckwheat, was also severe.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 856,387 Swiss francs (increased from 655,512 Swiss Francs) to enable the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) to deliver assistance and support to some 11,264 people for 13 months (increased from 10 months) with a focus on health; livelihoods, nutrition, food security; shelter (including household needs), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and National Society capacity building.
Mongolia is a story of extremes, and how it wears on Batsaikhan depends on the season. In June, grass carpets the steppe to the edge of every horizon. It’s herding weather, clear and mild, and from the back of a horse his way of life looks limitless.
UN report says natural disasters to become more destructive in Asia-Pacific without action on disaster resilience
Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and intense and disaster risk is outpacing resilience in Asia-Pacific, the most disaster-prone region in the world, according to the latest report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
By Ariunzaya Davaa
Twin boys Tseveensuren and Tsendsuren, aged two and a half, are all smiles as they don their cool new sunglasses. Tseveensuren, the older of the two, gently puts his arm around his little brother’s shoulders as they pose for the camera.
Their mother Otgonsuren, 37, is a single parent who also takes care of her elderly mother. “My boys are like two peas in a pod”, she says, kissing them both on the cheek. “They like the same things and do everything together. And they’re so energetic and active, they don’t sit still for a moment!”
This operation update n° 2 gives an account of the humanitarian situation and the response carried out by the Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) during the period between 2 January to 30 June 2017, as per emergency plan of action (EPOA) with the support of IFRC to meet the needs of families affected by severe winter conditions, locally known as Dzud, in Mongolia.
Date of Issue: 1 July 2017
Operation start date: 15 January 2016
Operation end date: 28 February 2017
Description of the disaster
Speech by Ms. Beate Trankmann, Resident Coordinator, United Nations, Mongolia
Excellency Mr. Khurelsukh, Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia,
Excellency Ms. Oyunkhorol, Minister for Environment and Tourism
Distinguished Ms Mungunchimeg, Vice Minister Labor & Social Protection
Distinguished Brigadier-General Badral, Chief of NEMA
Ms. Bolormaa, Secretary General of Red Cross Mongolia, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen:
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Wheat planting will start in major producing regions soon and 2017 output will depend on weather
Wheat production in 2016 recovered from previous year’s very low level
Wheat import requirements in 2016/17 forecast to sharply decrease from last year’s high level
Prices of beef and mutton increased in recent months to reflect market seasonality
Livestock sector and rural population affected by severe winter
This update provides an overview of the progress made since the allocation of CHF 117,349 from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 4 January 2017 – which was followed by the launch of Emergency Appeal operation on 10 February 2017 – to support the Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) in meeting relief and recovery needs of people affected by ongoing extreme winter conditions, locally known as Dzud.
By Andy McElroy
ULAANBAATAR, 12 April 2017 – The Prime Minister of Mongolia, Mr. Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat, says his country is ready to share its vast experience of managing extreme hazards to support greater implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction across Asia.
The Prime Minister revealed that this was one of the key motivations behind Mongolia’s decision to host – and co-organise with UNISDR – the next Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Ulaanbaatar in 2018.
Mongolia is currently experiencing Dzud, local term for extremely low temperatures and heavy snowfalls, which prevents livestock from accessing pasture or from receiving adequate hay and fodder.
The Mongolian Red Cross Society, in cooperation with The International Federation of Red Cross, launched an appeal to deliver assistance and support to the herder population, who are at risk of losing millions of livestock, the only source of food, transport, and income for almost half of the Mongolian population.
By Andy McElroy
ULAANBAATAR, 7 April 2017 – Mongolia has pledged to lead by example and inspire countries across Asia to meet the most pressing target of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, a global blueprint for tackling natural and human-induced hazards.
Ulaanbaatar, 28 March 2017 – Over 260 000 people are affected by harsh winter condition known as Dzud disaster in Mongolia. Last month the National Emergency Commission reported severe winter conditions in 158 districts (soums) of 17 provinces (aimags) and one district of Ulaanbaatar city.