Papua New Guinea: Drought and Frost - Aug 2015
The National Weather Service (NWS) on 7 August 2015 declared the country will be experiencing a severe El Nino event, which is forecasted to continue for 8–10 months with reduced rainfall in all parts of the country. The situation is expected to be the worst since the 1997/98 drought. The National Disaster Centre (NDC) estimated that 2 million people are affected. The Provincial Disaster Center (PDC) of Chimbu Province reported 24 people confirmed dead as a result of prolonged drought in the Highlands region. (IFRC, 5 Sep 2015)
The National Disaster Centre conducted a rapid assessment in the Highlands during the last week of August. The team concluded that the severity of the drought varies from place to place and that Chimbu Province (population 403 773) and parts of the Eastern Highlands are the most affected. [...] The Government has activated the National Emergency Centre and the National Disaster Response Committee and made funds as well as relief supplies available. Delivery of relief supplies will be coordinated by the National Disaster Centre and the Defence Force. (ECHO, 14 Sep 2015)
The IFRC supported the Papua New Guinea Red Cross Society (PNGRCS) through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) allocation, to deliver humanitarian aid to families. As a result of this DREF operation, PNGRC has built partnerships with Care International and Touching the Untouchable, a local hygiene promotion NGO and has the opportunity to develop these relationships further. The DREF operation concluded on 15 March 2016. (IFRC, 14 Jun 2016) An ongoing EU-IOM drought response, funded by European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO), primarily centers on the supply of clean drinking water, participatory health, and hygiene (PHHE) and agricultural recovery in the severely affected areas of the Highlands.(IOM, 14 Jun 2016)
Most read reports
- CERF results as reported by CERF recipients in 2017
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- Asia-Pacific Region: El Niño Snapshot (as of January 2016)
- El Niño: Overview of Impact, Projected Humanitarian Needs and Response as of 16 August 2016
- WFP El Niño 2015-2016: Preparedness and Response Situation Report #1, 6 November 2015
CERF announces new findings in latest Results Report
Claudia Hargarten June 26, 2018
A new Results Report takes stock of how a US$439 million humanitarian investment from more than 50 donors delivered life-saving assistance to over 22 million people facing the consequences of natural disasters and conflict around the world.
Following the response across the PNG Highlands region to the El Niño event in 2015-16, a Lessons Learnt Workshop was held in Goroka on the 9th of May 2017.
The Lessons Learnt Workshop had the following objectives:
Provide space for Provincial and sub national government staff and key humanitarian partners in the Eastern Highlands to capture key learning at critical steps of the 2015-16 El Niño emergency response.
The El Nino of 2015/2016 was unforgiving, decimating crops, drying up water sources and cutting communities in the Papua New Guinea Highlands adrift, as they either suffered in remote areas or left home for lower altitudes in search of water and food.
Papua New Guinea's National Agriculture Research Institute is partnering with civil society in the Highlands to help build resilience to future droughts.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International
Aid organisation CARE International today issued a new report highlighting the top ten most underreported humanitarian crises of 2016.
The report, Suffering in Silence, features food crises in Eritrea, Madagascar, North Korea and Papua New Guinea; conflicts in Burundi, Lake Chad Basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan and last year’s monsoon floods in Bangladesh.
IOM has enhanced recovery of health services through the provision of sustainable water supply at health facilities in Enga, Jiwaka and Simbu Provinces.
IOM has built a gravity-fed water supply system providing clean water to 1,200 households in Morobe Province.
IOM has worked with the PNG Civil and Identity Registry Office to document and register the displaced community of Lese Ward, Gulf Province into PNG’s new national registration system.
Globally averaged CO2 levels reach 400 parts per million in 2015
High greenhouse gas levels mark start of new era of climate reality
Globally averaged concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reached the symbolic and significant milestone of 400 parts per million for the first time in 2015 and surged again to new records in 2016 on the back of the very powerful El Niño event, according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin.
WFP has completed distributions of rice in all areas except Milne Bay Province, where WFP is currently distributing 434 mt rice to 31,000 people.
WFP is preparing a Lessons Learned workshop on the El Niño humanitarian response together with the Government, United Nations agencies and other partners. The workshop will take place from 31 October—01 November.
207,000 people in need of food assistance
162,499 people reached in September
4,618 mt of rice distributed
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural disasters such as cyclones, floods, droughts and earthquakes. Pacific countries rank among the highest in the world in terms of numbers of casualties and people affected. The European Commission provides humanitarian assistance to the region both in terms of disaster preparedness and emergency relief when major disasters strike.
The El Niño weather event has been in a neutral phase since May. Nevertheless, it continues to have a devastating impact on vulnerable people in parts of Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and the Pacific, the Dry Corridor in Central America, and Haiti in the Caribbean. This event will also cause long term consequences for public health, nutrition, livelihoods, water and sanitation.
In September, WFP nears the end of its emergency operation as final round food distributions continue in Enga Province, Milne Bay Province, Southern Highlands Province and Western Province.
WFP faces operational challenges including a volatile security situation in the Highlands, rough sea conditions in Milne Bay Province, and periodic heavy rains throughout the country.
Prospects for global cereal production in 2016 continued to improve in recent months with significant upward revisions for maize and wheat, reflecting particularly favourable weather conditions in some of the large producing countries.
COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE: FAO estimates that 36 countries, including 28 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts and drought induced production declines are the main causes that have stressed food security in 2016.
A massive food distribution to drought victims in Papua New Guinea is set to finish this month.
Read the full article here.
In the wake of El Niño
We are living in the most unusually warm period in history and this is taking a huge toll on the world’s most vulnerable. 2015 was the hottest year on record and 2016 looks set to be even hotter.
As this year’s El Niño in the Pacific lurches towards becoming a La Nina1 , the run of record temperatures looks set to be broken again. But in some ways, this year is not unique. It has become widely acknowledged among the development community that weather-related disasters are the ‘new normal’.
IOM distributed 35,153 sweet potato cuttings and 1,200 banana suckers to 2,000 households in Jiwaka, Enga and Simbu Provinces.
IOM conducted Participatory Health and Hygiene Education (PHHE) for 15,777 beneficiaries in the Highlands.
IOM trained 28 Government Officials and Community Leaders from conflict areas on peacebuilding and reconciliation processes.
· WFP is finishing up its first round of food distribution in the Hela and Enga Provinces of the Highlands Region and is preparing for a second round to reach 127,000 people.
· On 18 July, WFP began a food distribution that will reach 28,000 people in the Western and Southern Highlands Provinces.
· On 08 August, WFP will initiate a food distribution in Milne Bay Province to reach 52,000 people.
207,000 people in need of food assistance.
Summary of the Operation
On 15 September 2015, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) supported the Papua New Guinea Red Cross Society (PNGRCS) through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) allocation, to deliver humanitarian aid to families affected by the frost and drought resulting from the El Niño effect.