Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
Several municipalities in Kosovo were affected by strong winds that lasted for 24 hours, followed by heavy snowfall on 6 and 7 Jan 2012. The most affected municipalities are Istog, Kamenica and Peja. (IFRC, 13 Jan 2012).
An unusual and exceptional cold wave and heavy snowfall (the worst for the last 20 years) have been recorded in Tunisia since 31 January in the North West and inland regions, isolating villages and cutting roads. The most affected regions are: Jandouba, Kef, Kassrine, Siliana and Bizerta. (IFRC, 10 Feb 2012)
Ukraine was reportedly the worst hit area with bitter cold with heavy snowstorms and temperatures falling to minus 20-25 degrees Celsius. At least 112 people died in Ukraine due to the cold weather. Most of them were homeless who froze to death in the streets or old people who died in their homes or after their hospitalization. Around 2,500 people were hospitalized with frostbite and hypothermia. Several factors related to the difficult social and economic situation in Ukraine had worsened the effects of the cold wave in the country. People living below the poverty level and without permanent address (homeless) were particularly hardly affected. (IFRC, 30 Jun 2012)
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The North Africa region, made up of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia, is economically and demographically diverse. These five middle income countries were generally on track in 2010 to achieving the health Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target by 2015, even if facing significant rural and urban disparities and gaps in coverage.
In line with Strategy 2020 of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the Moldova Red Cross Strategic Plan 2010-2015, the priority directions that the National Society established for 2012 were the following:
Disseminate humanitarian values and fundamental principles of the Movement.
Implement anti-trafficking programme, including promoting social cohesion and addressing discrimination and exclusion.
For 2012, the project areas supported in Kosovo are based on the priorities and capacities of the Red Cross organizations in Kosovo. All Federation-supported programmes in Kosovo are aligned with and contribute to the strategic aims of the IFRCs Strategy 2020 and the priorities of the Red Cross organizations. In Kosovo, the International Federation contributes, within its agreed areas of responsibility, to the achievement of the Secretary General’s objectives set by the Governing Board in 2011.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Annual Report ￼The Red Cross programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina are aligned with the aims of the IFRC`s Strategy 2020 to save lives, protect livelihoods, and strengthen recovery from disasters and crises; enable healthy and safe living; and promote social inclusion and culture of non-violence and peace. The capacity-building efforts are specifically linked with Enabling Action One to build strong National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
This report, The Year of Recurring Disasters: A Review of Natural Disasters in 2012, examines four topics: disasters in 2012, with a focus on recurring disasters (Chapter 1); the role of regional organizations in disaster risk management (Chapter 2); wildfires (Chapter 3); and the important role of women in disaster risk management (Chapter 4). Here are some of the highlights from this year’s review:
MAA00010 August 2012
Period covered: January to June 2012
Overview Seventy three allocations were made by the DREF during the first six months of 2012 for a total of CHF 11,778,445. Eighty per cent of the allocations were made as grants to support response to small or medium-scale disasters, referred to as DREF operations. Twelve emergency appeals received start-up funding loans. The allocations supported response to 69 different operations by 54 National Societies.
This report covers the period 01/01/2012 to 30/06/2012
Summary: CHF 123,061 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 23 February 2012 to support the National Society in delivering assistance to some 1,000 families and individuals (4,000 beneficiaries) affected by extreme winter conditions. Particularly hardly hit were rural communities whose households, already affected by poverty, had been suffering from the cold weather, due to the lack of basic necessities.
Summary: CHF 129,179 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on February 9th, 2012 to support the National Society in delivering assistance to some 1,000 families (5,000 beneficiaries), living in rural areas affected by the unusual cold wave since the end of January.
TRC mobilised more than 100 volunteers over two weeks for raising funds and donations and ensuring logistics and relief activities. 140 Tones of humanitarian assistance were distributed to 3400 families within two weeks which exceeded the initial planned target.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
A bumper cereal harvest gathered in 2012
Grain imports expected to decrease although durum wheat imports resumed earlier than expected
Domestic food price inflation has continued to increase in 2012
Estimates indicate the second largest cereal harvest in 2012
Summary: CHF 165,927 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Romanian Red Cross in delivering immediate assistance to 800 families (3,200 beneficiaries).
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation’s disaster response system and increases the ability of National Societies to respond to disasters.
Summary: CHF 204,963 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 17 February 2012 to support the Red Cross organizations in Kosovo in delivering assistance to some 6,000 beneficiaries.
Summary: CHF 92,668 had been allocated originally from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 9th February 2012 to support the Macedonian Red Cross in delivering assistance to some 1,300 beneficiaries, and to replenish the disaster preparedness stocks. However, the National Society revised its operational plan in view of the evolving situation with a budget increase of CHF 71,079 (Update n°1, 24th February 2012). The revised budget for this operation amounted to a total of CHF 163,747, reaching 5,100 beneficiaries.
Summary: 206,291 was allocated on 8th February 2012 from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Red Cross of Serbia in delivering immediate assistance to some 3,000 families (8,000 beneficiaries).
CHF 95,871 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Belarus Red Cross Society in delivering assistance to more than 4,000 homeless and other vulnerable people throughout Belarus.
Summary: Due to the sudden onset of extremely cold weather, many Belarusians' livelihoods already hit hard by the financial crisis came under extreme pressure. The severe winter increased the vulnerability of the homeless in particular.
Summary: CHF 148,635 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Red Cross organizations in Kosovo in delivering immediate assistance to some 3,500 beneficiaries.