Mongolia: Dzud - Jan 2010
In the winter of 2009-2010, Mongolia experienced a complex, long-lasting natural disaster known locally as a dzud, in which a summer drought is followed by heavy snowfalls and unusually low temperatures in winter, and then by a dangerous spring thaw. Fifteen of Mongolia’s 21 provinces - home to 769,106 people, or 28 per cent of the country’s population - were declared disaster zones, and another four were seriously affected. An overall lack of resources prompted the Mongolian Government to appeal for assistance from the international community (OCHA, 6 Jul 2010) and, as a result, in February 2010 the United Nations CERF allocated $3.7 million to the humanitarian country team in Mongolia. (OCHA, 26 Feb 2010)
The IFRC also allocated CHF 100,000 from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund in January 2010, and launched an Emergency Appeal for CHF 1,062,295 on 29 March 2010 to assist 1,800 of the most severely affected herder families in Bayankhongor, Dundgobi, Khentii, Khovd, Sukhbaatar, Tuv, Umnugobi and Uvs provinces. By October 2010, this emergency appeal was successfully completed, with target funding fully covered. (IFRC, 28 Feb 2011)
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1. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION
The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in May 2012.
By Valeria Groppo
A result of climate change extreme weather events are becoming more intense and more frequent in many regions of the world. From increasing precipitation and cyclones in high latitudes and tropical regions, to intensifying droughts in southern Africa, this trend is likely to continue throughout the 21st century.
By: Jasmine Neve, IOM Mongolia
Mongolia – Nyamdulam and her family had been herders in Zavkhan Province, in remote north-west Mongolia for Nyamdulam’s whole life. In Zavkhan Province, Nyamdulam’s family had over 300 head of livestock including sheep, yak, camels, cows and horses. As is the case for many Mongolians, their livestock were their whole livelihood.
- Executive Summary
Overall Project/Program Status:
By Pekka Reinikainen, Finnish Red Cross
In Mongolian, dzud is a silent disaster. Very few people will know the word, even if thousands suffer from its consequences. It is not an easy word to translate.
Dzud is heralded by a dry summer resulting in a poor harvest of hay for winter feed. Black dzud is characterised by extreme cold – down to -50°C – and white dzud is this cold accompanied by huge amounts of snow. It is a phenomenon that can have a major effect on the lives and livelihoods of those living in Mongolia.
During the 10th replenishment of the Asian Development Fund (ADF XI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and ADF donors agreed to pilot the Disaster Response Facility (DRF) in the ADF XI period, 2013–2016. ADB will report on the implementation progress of the DRF at the ADF XI midterm review, and discuss the future of the DRF with the ADB Board of Directors and ADF donors at the ADF XII negotiations.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Good rains favour the current cropping season
- Record cereal harvest was estimated for 2011
- Livestock numbers have partially recovered but still remain below the pre-2009 natural disaster levels
Prices of rice and wheat flour have remained stable for several months but overall inflation is over 15 percent
Good rains favour the current cropping season
Rationale, Methods, and Objectives
Dzud is the Mongolian term for a winter weather disaster in which deep snow, severe cold, or other conditions render forage unavailable or inaccessible and lead to high live stock mortality. Dzud is a regular occurrence in Mongolia, and plays an important role in regulating livestock populations.
However, dzud, especially when combined with other environmental or socio‐economic stresses and changes, can have a significant impact on household well‐being as well as local and national economies.
This report covers the period 1 January – 31 December 2011
Program summary The year of 2011 was comparatively mild with no severe winter (Dzud) thus no major losses of livestock and devastating impact on the herder community. With this favourable weather, Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) focused on scaling up its community-based development programmes across the country.
Meanwhile, the National Society has been taking significant steps towards building its capacity to provide timely response to vulnerable and disaster affected populations.
Mongolia regularly suffers from extreme weather conditions. The crisis is known locally as a dzud—a complex, long-lasting natural disaster in which a summer drought is followed by heavy snowfall and unusually low temperatures in winter.
But the most recent dzud, which happened between 2009 and 2010, was the catalyst for an important step in improving Mongolia’s disaster preparedness, response and coordination efforts. It is yielding results this winter.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Record cereal harvest is estimated for 2011
Livestock numbers have almost recovered following the aftermath of the 2009 natural disaster
Prices of rice and wheat (flour) have remained stable for several months but consumer price inflation is over 10 percent per annum
Record cereal harvest is estimated for 2011
1. Who are we?
By Necephor Mghendi and Afrhill Rances in Manila
One of the keys to protecting communities prone to climate-related hazards is integrating disaster risk reduction efforts with community-based risk management approaches. This was the message that the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) took to governments, inter-governmental organizations, NGOs, the private sector and academia at a recent Asia Pacific conference focused on developing policy responses to climate-induced migration.
The project has benefited a total of 1,763,432 people and 505,745 households
The Sustainable Livelihoods Project II (2008-2012) is the second part of a three-phase program, which aims to enhance livelihood security and sustainability by scaling up institutional mechanisms that reduce the vulnerability of communities throughout Mongolia.
The project, launched in 2008, has benefited a total of 1,763,432 people and 505,745 households: over 50 percent of the beneficiaries were women; 16 percent were below the poverty line and 19 percent were herders.
Date: 1 July 2011
Press Release No: G/27/2011
Bangkok (UN ESCAP Strategic Communications and Advocacy Section) – Asia-Pacific countries ended three days of talks at a United Nations forum here today, agreeing to work more closely together on disaster risk reduction and make this central to national development strategies.
This report covers the period from 1 January to 31 December 2010.
The IFRC’s East Asia regional office serves to support and build capacities within the national societies of the East Asia region. The region includes China, Mongolia, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, and Japan. The IFRC has programmes that support the national societies in China, Mongolia and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).
This annual report focuses on the work of the Asia Pacific zone office in 2010 to provide leadership and guidance to IFRC efforts to increase the impact of Asia Pacific national societies’ humanitarian activities. Many societies across the zone have maintained a high level of programming in several new disaster response operations and continued comprehensive post-disaster recovery activities, while others have started reviewing their development activities in line with IFRC’s newly adopted Strategy 2020.
Urgent Action Needed to Protect Country's Water Supply
Ulaanbaatar/Bangkok, 22 March 2011 - Climate change and rapid urbanization are threatening fragile water resources in Mongolia, where more than half of the inhabitants have no access to clean water, says a report released today by the Mongolia Water Authority and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
According to the 'Urban Water Vulnerability to Climate Change in Mongolia' report, extreme temperatures and natural disasters such as droughts, flooding and heavy snowfalls are becoming more frequent and annual …
Global wheat production to increase in 2011
Cereal import bill in poor food-deficit countries rising due to higher international prices
23 March 2011, Rome - FAO's first forecast for world wheat production in 2011 stands at 676 million tonnes, representing a growth of 3.4 percent from 2010, the March 2011 edition of the Crop Prospects and Food Situation report said today.